Obesity

Displaying 107 studies

  • A Study to Evaluate Endoflip Normal Ranges Data in Healthy Volunteers Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this research is to establish the normal range of diameter and distensibility of pylorus and the fasting and postprandial antro-pyloric motility in healthy male and female adults.

  • Changes in Gut Microbiota After Placement of Endoscopic Intragastric Balloon Rochester, MN

    The primary aim is to study the correlation between changes in the gut microbiome of obese subjects undergoing an intragastric balloon procedure.

  • Quality Of Life after Simultaneous Sleeve Gastrectomy and Liver Transplantation Rochester, MN

    The aim of this study is to assess the quality of life among a sample of obese liver transplant recipients and compare it between those who underwent sleeve gastrectomy and those who did not.

  • Intragastric Balloon in Obese Adolescents With Comorbidities Rochester, MN

    The reason we are doing this research is to get information about the ORBERA™ Intragastric Balloon to learn if it is safe and if it works. We want to learn if older teenagers who are overweight will lose weight and if their other medical problems will get better. ORBERA™ is a special balloon approved by the FDA for overweight adults, and we would like to try using it for overweight teenagers.

  • ORBERA™ Post-Approval Study Rochester, MN

    A prospective, multicenter, open-label, post-approval study of the safety and effectiveness of ORBERA™ as an adjunct to weight reduction for obese adults (22 years of age and older) with a Body Mass Index (BMI) of ≥ 30 kg/m2 and BMI ≤ 40 kg/m2

  • Pivotal Aspiration Therapy With Adjusted Lifestyle Therapy Study Rochester, MN

    This research study is being performed to find out if a new device, AspireAssist Aspiration Therapy System, can help people with obesity to lose weight without causing too many side effects.

  • A Study to See if Culturally Relevant Interventions Decrease Obesity in Hispanic Children Scottsdale/Phoenix, AZ

    The purpose of this study is to determine if culturally-relevant interventions will decrease obesity in underserved Hispanic children and help those children learn lifelong healthy habits.

  • Social Support and Motivators for Adolescent Weight Loss Rochester, MN

    This study aims to examine associations of social support for healthful eating and physical activity with adolescents’ healthful and unhealthful weight management strategies and body mass index (BMI).  The study will compare motivators and level of motivation for adolescent weight loss between adolescents and parents and across care sites (i.e., primary care vs. specialty care for obesity). Finally, the study will examine the relations of adolescent- and parent-reported motivators and level of motivation for weight loss with adolescents’ healthful and unhealthful weight management strategies and BMI.

  • A Study to Evaluate the Effect of POSE2 on Long-term Gastric Motor Function Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to explore the effectiveness and safety of a modified gastroplication technique for weight loss in five patients with obesity, and includes physiologic appraisal of gastric emptying (via gastric emptying breath test) and post-prandial gastric accommodation (via SPECT).

  • A Study of Changes to the Microbe Environment in the Intestines of Obese People who Modify Their Diet and Lifestyle Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to assess changes that occur in the intestine microbe environment of obese people as they perticipate in a structured diet and lifestyle modification.

  • Dermatome Electrical Stimulation on Individuals With Overweight and Class I Obesity Rochester, MN

    Investigators are doing this research study to find out the effect of T6 dermatomal electrical stimulation (delivered by a Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) unit) on appetite and weight loss.

  • A Study for the Treatment of Primary Obesity Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate a treatment for obesity.

  • Changes in Gut Microbiota after Endoscopic Procedures for the Treatment of Obesity Scottsdale/Phoenix, AZ; Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to learn more about the effects of similar weight loss through caloric restriction, gastric reduction, and bypass of the proximal small intestines on gut microbiota and compare them to changes in the microbiome of obese subjects undergoing sham procedures and life-style modification.

  • Exercise-stimulated Muscle Glucose Uptake in Upper Body Obesity Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to provide the first integrated examination of the interaction between muscle insulin action and exercise-stimulated muscle glucose uptake in obesity from the whole body to the cellular/molecular level.

  • A Study Comparing a Protective Ventilation Plan with Higher versus Lower Positive End Expiratory Pressure During General Anesthesia in Surgery for Obese Patients Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to compare a ventilation strategy using higher levels of positive end expiratory pressure and recruitment maneuvers to one using lower levels of positive end expiratory pressure without recruitment maneuvers in obese patients at an intermediate-to-high risk for post surgery respiratory complications.

  • Perioperative Ketamine for Pain With Gastric Bypass Scottsdale/Phoenix, AZ

    Opioid medications such as morphine, hydrocodone and oxycodone are standard for treating pain after surgery, however there are disadvantages. Because of the way opioids work, gastric bypass patients may have an increased risk of having sedation or problems with breathing. In patients with sleep apnea, opioids may increase the risk of severe apnea. Ketamine is an alternative pain medicine that can be used to treat pain after surgery and may have fewer effects on breathing. Using ketamine as part of the regimen may be a better choice for laparoscopic gastric bypass patients. This study is being done to find out ...

  • A Study to Determine the Feasibility of Primary Care Referrals to Community-based Lifestyle Programs for Obesity Management Rochester, MN

    The purposes of this study are to:  evaluate the feasibility of providing a community based referral to Mayo Clinic ECH patients for weight loss by measuring the number of patients who follow through with the referral, to determine the completion rate of patients enrolled through provider referral to a community based weight loss program, and to determine the level of provider and patient satisfaction with the community based weight loss program process.

  • A Study to Evaluate the Experiences of Women with High BMI Status in Reproductive Care Jacksonville, FL; Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this research is to assess the experiences of women with high BMI status in accessing and receiving reproductive care which may include services offered and/or denied and prerequisites for treatment, such as weight loss, and to evaluate the effects of social and clinical weight bias and stigma on women with high BMI status in receiving reproductive care.

     

     

  • Quality of Life after Endoscopic Bariatric Therapies Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the change in quality of life after endoscopic bariatric therapies and to correlate the changes in quality of life with changes in weight after endoscopic bariatric Therapies (EBTs).

  • Using Wearable Technology to Increase Daily Activity: A Weight and Wellness Program Initiative Scottsdale/Phoenix, AZ

    The purpose of this project is to complete a chart review/ secondary data analysis during the first 6-month program period utilizing data from the 4291 PARTENHEIMER Obesity Registry and interval participant data from the Mayo360 Personalized Support System (Mayo360PSP) questionnaire to examine motivation and behavioral changes in program participants.

  • Bariatric Surgery Versus Diet Alone in the Bile Acid Pathway and Weight Loss Rochester, MN

    It is unknown whether the bile acid pathway reacts differently to weight loss resulting from Roux-En-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) surgery than weight loss resulting from caloric restriction alone.

  • A Study to See if Completing an Online Education Course Will Increase Weight Loss For Patients Scottsdale/Phoenix, AZ

    The purpose of this study is to test the effectiveness of an online education course for helping obese patients to reach and keep weight loss goals.

  • Insulin Regulation of Lipolysis and Lipolysis Proteins Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to determine whether impaired insulin-induced suppression of lipolysis (as measured by IC50) is related to lipolysis proteins in groups of volunteers known to vary widely with regards to abdominal adipocyte size and regulation of adipose tissue lipolysis, and whether the improved insulin regulation of lipolysis resulting from treatment with the PPARγ agonist pioglitazone, with or without weight loss, can be linked to specific changes in sets of PPARγ-responsive adipocyte lipolysis proteins in UBO adults.



     

     

     

     

     

  • Weight and Wellness Solutions Registry Study Scottsdale/Phoenix, AZ

    The purpose of this study is to establish a registry database of patients that will be utilized for future research studies related to obesity, health, and weight management strategies.

  • A Study to Analyze the Effect of Obesity on Eosinophil (disease fighting white blood cell) Recruitment in Human Adipose Tissue Scottsdale/Phoenix, AZ

    To determine whether EOS recruitment in AT is impaired during obesity. Therefore, we hypothesize that chronic, low-grade inflammation of AT initiates epigenetic modifications in EOS and/or in AT, thereby impairing the recruitment of eosinophils.

  • Peripheral Pharmacodynamics of Phentermine-Topiramate in Obese Patients Rochester, MN

    Our overall goal is to determine the effect of Phentermine and Topiramate on gastric emptying, gastric accommodation, and satiety and satiation in obese participants.

  • A Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of a Healthy Living Weight Loss Program in Obese Patients Undergoing Bariatric Endoscopy on Weight Loss Outcomes Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to compare weight loss, improvement of comorbidities, improvement of lipid profile, blood sugar in patients undergoing endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty or intragastric balloon between patients who are in a weight loss program and those who are not.

  • Characterization of Bile Acid Pathway in Obesity Rochester, MN

    It is unknown whether the bile acid pathway is altered in obesity. This study is designed to compare obesity and health to determine if the bile acid pathway differs depending on health state.

  • A Study Providing the Use of Under Desk Elliptical Devices for Promoting Physical Activity Among Employees Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to determine if employees will use under desk foot pedal elliptical devices at their workstation to increase their level of physical activity.

  • A Study to Better Understand Why Patients Gain Weight After Undergoing Liver Transplantation Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to understanding the mechanisms of weight gain in patients following liver transplantation, action, and indicate approaches to prevent weight gain.

  • Effect of 12-Week Vegetarian Diet Intervention on Inflammatory Status and Cardio-Metabolic Parameters Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to determine if providing a vegetarian diet intervention to obese individuals over a twelve-week period can reduce chronic inflammation as well as improve cardio-metabolic parameters that are precursors to the co-morbidities associated with obesity.

  • InBody Validation Study Rochester, MN

    With, one in three Americans now having a body mass index (BMI) greater than 30, and the fastest growing segment of the population having a BMI greater than 40, it is paramount to conduct validation of approaches to measure body composition. Currently the dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (iDXA) is the gold standard for measuring the body composition. But it is often difficult to perform since it is limited to specific height, weight and BMI's. InBody is a tool which uses bio electric impedance to measure the body composition. This study will compare both approaches. Validation is necessary as it is clinically ...

  • A Study of How the Natural Bacteria of the Intestines Can Affect Weight Loss Success Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to find out how the naturally occurring bacteria (the microbiome) in your gut can affect your body weight

  • A Study Comparing the Fatty Acids and Inflammation in Obese Vegetarians and Non-vegetarians Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to learn if eating a vegetarian diet changes the make up of a person's fatty acids as well as their levels of inflammation.

  • Understanding the Relationship Between Inflammation and Insulin Resistance in the Adipose Tissue Scottsdale/Phoenix, AZ

    This study is being done to better understand the relationship between inflammation and insulin resistance in your Adipose (fat) Tissue .

  • Evaluate Reliability of New Technology for Body Measurements using Infrared Technology and Biplane Imaging Using Mobile Devices Rochester, MN

    This research study is being done to evaluate the reliability and reproducibility of an infrared 3D scanner and an iPad app in measuring body measurements in participants.

  • Ultrasound-Guided Costoclavicular Block in Patients With a BMI > 30 Jacksonville, FL

    The Researchers are trying to determine if Costoclavicular brachial plexus block (CCBPB) can be successfully performed in patients with a body mass index greater than thirty.

  • Physical Activity and Health Outcomes Rochester, MN

    Obesity is common in adults with complex medical problems with ensuing complications afterwards. Obese patients suffer higher mortality and impaired functional status often as a result of their obesity. One primary goal to reduce both obesity and improve functional status is exercise. The investigators hypothesize that a simple exercise intervention with limited behavioral goal-setting will reduce weight and increase functional status compared to usual care. As a secondary measure, the investigators hypothesize that using this intervention will reduce hospital admissions and ER visits.

  • A Registry to Collect Data and Biospecimens from Patients who are Obese and are Candidates for Bariatric Surgery Jacksonville, FL

    The purpose of this study is to collect and maintain a clinical and pathology database, and a biobank of blood, stool, and tissue specimens, from patients being treated surgically for obesity. The hope is this will ultimately help identify biological predictors for matching the best bariatric surgery to the patient for maximizing the effectiveness of the weight loss.

  • Determining Lipid Content in Stool After Alpha-cyclodextrin Rochester, MN

    The Investigator hypothesizes that the currently used dose of dietary ingredient alpha-cyclodextrin (α-CD) will result in greater loss of dietary fat in the stool compared with placebo. The proposed studies will address the degree to which α-CD increases dietary fat loss. The Investigator will conduct the study and analyze the samples at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota.

  • Health Behaviors Among Hispanic and Somali Adults at Risk for Cardiovascular Disease Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to conduct a social network analysis to identify peer interventionists and to assess existing social structures that contribute to obesity-related health behaviors among Somali and Hispanic immigrants. 

  • Effect of GLP-1 Receptor Agonism After Sleeve Gastrectomy Rochester, MN

    Observational studies suggest that bariatric surgery is the most effective intervention for weight loss. Comparative effectiveness of Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) and Sleeve Gastrectomy (SG) demonstrate that RYGB is significantly superior to SG in terms of weight loss and glycemic control. Both RYGB and SG increase GLP-1 concentrations which directly affect B-cell function. Data has shown that the postprandial rise in GLP-1 might affect feeding behavior after RYGB and to a lesser extent SG, where the increase in GLP-1 is less marked. In this study the investigators propose to randomize subjects undergoing SG to receive either placebo or Liraglutide, a ...

  • A Study to Test the Safety and Effectiveness of the Spatz3 Adjustable Balloon System to Help Obese People Lose Weight Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the Spatz3 in subjects with a BMI ≥ 30 and < 40 who have failed to achieve and maintain weight-loss with a weight control program.

  • Leptin Biology in Adipose Tissue Rochester, MN

    Leptin is a fat hormone which acts in maintaining energy balance. However, leptin levels are high in obese subjects indicating resistance to the actions of leptin. High leptin levels have been associated with increased cardiovascular and metabolic risks, but it is not clear if increased leptin or leptin resistance contributes to the increased cardiovascular risk. Further, even though leptin receptors are present in fat tissue, leptin's role in fat tissue functions are not completely investigated in humans. Based on preliminary data the investigators hypothesize that resistance to leptin action in obese adipose tissue is responsible for altering the expression of ...

  • Low Level Laser Treatment (LLLT) and Lorcaserin for Weight Management Rochester, MN

    Currently in the United States about 97 million adults are considered obese, accounting for about 33% of the American adult population (compared to 22.9% in 1988). Obesity, defined as a body mass index of 30.0 or higher, is accountable for 44% of the diabetes, 23% of the ischemic heart disease and between 7% and 41% of certain cancers. The Erchonia® Zerona™ 2.0 Laser (which will be used in this study) has been approved by the FDA (K123237) as a non-invasive dermatological aesthetic treatment which can be used by individuals intending to reduce circumference of hips, waist, and thighs. Lorcaserin is ...

  • Weight Gain and Adipose Tissue Rochester, MN

    This study aims to examine the role of weight gain in adipose tissue immune cell influx and development of obesity related cardiometabolic disorders. Adipose tissue-mediated chronic systemic inflammation is implicated in the development of cardiometabolic disorders in obesity. Therefore, resolution of adipose tissue inflammation may be key to ameliorating obesity-associated dyslipidemia, insulin-resistance, and cardiovascular disease. Proinflammatory cytokines contribute to the initial influx of immune cells into adipose tissue during weight gain. However, mechanisms regulating these cytokines in the adipose tissue milieu and the effects of weight gain on adipose tissue are not completely understood.

    The study proposes to investigate ...

  • Muscle Protein Metabolism in Obesity Scottsdale/Phoenix, AZ

    Obesity is associated with reduced adenosine triphosphate (ATP) turnover in skeletal muscle, a condition that can impair muscle metabolism. The proposed research will discover mechanisms responsible for decreased content in mitochondrial proteins as well as in protein β-F1-ATPase, which is directly responsible for ATP assembly, in the muscle of obese individuals. This research will further examine the effectiveness of interventions, such as increased plasma amino acid availability and exercise, to increase the rate of production of mitochondrial proteins as well as that of β-F1-ATPase in the muscle of obese individuals. The findings will help to develop appropriate interventions to improve ...

  • Pediatric Obesity Weight Evaluation Registry (POWER) Study Rochester, MN

    The main objective of this study is to establish a national pediatric obesity registry known as POWER (Pediatric Obesity Weight Evaluation Registry). This registry will contain clinical data from individual comprehensive pediatric weight management programs around the United States for overweight and obese youth.

  • A Study of the Effect of Liraglutide on Weight Loss and Stomach Functions in Obesity Rochester, MN

    Obesity is associated with differences in stomach function, feeling of fullness after meals, and total calories consumed at a buffet meal. Based upon previous research, our study hypothesis is that weight loss with pharmacological agents may be individualized, based on the abnormality in those gastrointestinal functions. These studies will provide support for the principle that specific obesity medications should be selected according to individual characteristics, and it is anticipated that this approach will enhance the effectiveness of medication treatment of obesity.

  • A Study to Establish an Obesity-Related Phenotype Registry Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to create a registry of obese patients who have been phenotyped to understand the heterogeneity of obesity.

  • The Development of a Shared Decision Making Encounter Tool for Weight Management Decisions Rochester, MN

    The aim of this study is to develop, in close collaboration with stakeholders, an evidence-based decision aid to inform discussions regarding the treatment of obesity (Obesity Choice).

  • A Study to Establish an Obesity-Related Phenotype Registry Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to create a registry of obese patients who have been phenotyped to understand the heterogeneity of obesity.

  • A Study to Understand the Changes in Gastric Emptying in Response to the Endoscopic Sleeve Gastroplasty (ESG) Rochester, MN

    This study is being done to understand the short and long term changes in gastric emptying in response to the endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty (ESG).

  • A Study of the Effect of Liraglutide on Weight Loss and Stomach Functions in Obesity Rochester, MN

    Obesity is associated with differences in stomach function, feeling of fullness after meals, and total calories consumed at a buffet meal. Based upon previous research, our study hypothesis is that weight loss with pharmacological agents may be individualized, based on the abnormality in those gastrointestinal functions. These studies will provide support for the principle that specific obesity medications should be selected according to individual characteristics, and it is anticipated that this approach will enhance the effectiveness of medication treatment of obesity.

  • Eosinophils in Human Adipose Tissue Scottsdale/Phoenix, AZ

    This study aims to assess adipose tissue-eosinophil content and adiopose tissue metabolism 3 months after endoscopic gastroplasty weight loss procedure.

  • A Study to Evaluate Setmelanoitide to Treat Patients with Rare Genetic Disorders of Obesity Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to explore the impact of Setmelanotide on obesity in patients with various specific rare genetic mutations.

  • A Study of Successfully Using Physical Activity Monitoring Devices on Mayo Clinic Patients Scottsdale/Phoenix, AZ

    The purpose of this study is to successfully use physical activity monitoring devices with patients in the LIVE IT weight loss program.

  • Body Weight-Based Interval Training in Sedentary Overweight and Obese Adults Rochester, MN

    Body-weight based interval training (IT) performed 3 times per week will lead to reductions in abdominal adiposity and reduce overall body fat percentage in overweight and obese sedentary adults more effectively than moderate intensity continuous training (MICT). Body-weight interval training will improve exercise capacity (peak VO2) in overweight/obese adults.

  • A Study to Evaluate Individualized Lifestyle Intervention for Obesity Management Based on Obesity Phenotypes Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to define an "individualized diet" approach based on obesity related phenotypes (pathophysiology obesity classification), which would increase weight loss, adherence, and weight loss maintenance.

  • A Study of Vagus Nerve Blocking for Obesity Control Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to measure the safety and effectiveness of the Maestro System to reduce body weight by blocking signals from the vagus nerve in people who are considered to be obese.

  • A Study of the Effectiveness of Behavior Therapy on Weight Loss with Bariatric Surgery Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of participation in a standardized behavioral weight management program on the percentage of excess weight lost and also the psychosocial and medical outcomes after  gastric bypass surgery.

  • Endoscopic Gastric Reduction for Weight Management Rochester, MN

    The proposed study is a prospective, pilot study to assess the feasibility of a novel endoscopic suturing system to reduce gastric volume by changing the shape of the stomach for the primary treatment of obesity. The investigators aim to recruit ten subjects with a body mass index between 30-40 for this study. Vertical sutures will be performed using the endoscopic suturing system to deploy 10-17 interrupted full thickness sutures. Botulinum toxin(approximately 30 units) will be injected around the sutures insertion sites in half of the subjects randomly to slow down muscular grinding of the stomach to see if it improves ...

  • Revision of RYGB For The Treatment Of Weight Regain Using the OverStitch Device Rochester, MN

    This study will review and analyze the literature regarding endoscopic revision of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery for the treatment of weight regain using the OverStitch, a minimally invasive endoscopic device. This study will also include information about patients who underwent TORe as part of their clinical evaluation and treatment for weight regain by chart review.

  • A Study of Individualized Obesity Pharmacotherapy Based on Obesity Phenotypes Rochester, MN

    The researchers are trying to identify the specific characteristics (phenotypes) that may be useful to help select the right medication for weight loss.

  • Multi-center ESG Randomized Interventional Trial (MERIT-Trial) Rochester, MN

    Endoscopic Sleeve Gastroplasty (ESG) is an endoscopic minimally invasive weight loss procedure where a commercially available, FDA approved, full-thickness endoscopic suturing device (Overstitch; Apollo Endosurgery, Austin, TX) is used to reduce the stomach volume by 80% through the creation of a restrictive endoscopic sleeve. This is accomplished by a series of endolumenally placed full-thickness sutures through the gastric wall, extending from the antrum to the gastroesophageal junction. Up to 200 participants at 8 locations in the United States will participate in this study. The ESG procedure has been performed clinically for 3 years in the United States. We are completing ...

  • A Study to Compare Enteroendocrine Cells Between Individuals with Obesity and Healthy Volunteers Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is comparison of enteroendocrine cells between individuals with obesity and health and storage of tissue samples for future research

  • A Study of Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Disorders Rochester, MN

    The overall goal of this study is the prospective evaluation of children with severe combined immunodeficiency and related disorders who are treated under a variety of protocols at multiple participating institutions. The study aims to identify variables contributing to the best outcomes for stem cell transplant as treatment for severe combined immunodeficiency disorder.

  • A Study to Establish a Social Network in the Immigrant Community for Weight Loss Intervention Rochester, MN

    The multi-purpose of this study is to pilot test a social network-informed CBPR-derived health promotion program for feasibility outcomes with overweight or obese adults from two immigrant communities, and to assess the preliminary impact of embedding a social network-informed CBPR-derived intervention within a regional health promotion resource hub on sustainability and uptake outcomes.

  • Development of a Youth Healthy Living Program With Underserved Adolescents at Rochester Alternative Learning Center Rochester, MN

    Approximately one third of the children and adolescents in the United States are either overweight or obese. Childhood obesity disproportionately affects specific racial and ethnic groups and households with low socioeconomic status and low parental education. The Alternative Learning Center (ALC) within Rochester School District 535 provides viable educational options for students who are experiencing difficulty in regular educational systems. A greater proportion of students at ALC are minorities, qualify for free and reduced lunch and receive special education services. These children are likely to have unique barriers to physical activity and healthy eating.

    Specific Aims:

    Aim 1: ...

  • A Study to Screen Infant Healthy Growth Assessment and Intervention with Home Visiting Rochester, MN

    The primary purpose of this study is to develop a screening system for factors that impact growth in infants within the newborn nursery, as well as a feeding assessment survey to be completed at well child visits during the first 12 months of life.

     

     

     

     

     

     

  • Effect of Vitamin D Supplementation on Endothelial Function in Obese Adolescents Rochester, MN

    Vitamin D deficiency has been linked to endothelial dysfunction in adults. Obese adolescents have a high prevalence of Vitamin D deficiency as well as evidence of endothelial dysfunction. Our hypothesis is that supplementation of Vitamin D deficient adolescents with Vitamin D would lead to improvement in endothelial dysfunction.

  • FIT-T Study Rochester, MN

    FIT is grounded in social cognitive, self-determination, and family systems theories and, as such, aims to promote healthy eating and movement habits by facilitating the development of parent-adolescent communication and problem-solving skills to support the adolescents’ and family’s pursuit of health behavior change goals.

  • A Study to Evaluate the KidShape Program for Pediatric Obesity Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact of a family-based lifestyle program (KidShape 2.0) on BMI and waist circumference of children who are overweight or obese, to evaluate the impact of KidShape 2.0 on BMI and waist circumference of the parent/guardian of participating children, and to evaluate the impact of KidShape 2.0 on knowledge acquisition of the parent/guardian of participating children.

  • A Study of Student Outcomes from a Fitness and Nutrition Education Program Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to examine whether an education program, designed in partnership with teachers at Moreland Elementary School in West St. Paul and Mayo Clinic InSciEd Out scientists, is able to influence the behavior and health literacy of students. This information will be collected in surveys before and after the students are given the curriculum during the school day.

  • A Dose-response of the Effects of Exendin-9,39 on GI Symptoms and Food Intake Rochester, MN

    Exendin-(9,39) has been shown to have effects on beta-cell function, and after gastric bypass, to accelerate gastrointestinal transit. - infused at rates of 300pmol/kg/min. Given that gastrointestinal transit is typically delayed by Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 (GLP-1) and also that this hormone causes decreased food intake through increased satiation, it is reasonable to expect an effect of Exendin-9,39 on appetite. This may help explain the effects of gastric bypass on food intake. To examine the effect of Exendin on food intake we propose a dose-response study to determine whether the compound has effects in a dose-dependent fashion. We will examine the presence ...

  • A Study to Determine if Differences in the Microbe Environment of the Intestines Connects to the Effects of Obesity on Intestinal Stem Cells Rochester, MN

    New studies are revealing how a high-fat diet could be making the cells of the intestinal lining more likely to become cancerous. The purpose of this study is to find how the microbe envntironment of the intestines in obesity influences the growth of intestinal stem cells, which could then trigger intestinal tumors.

  • Waist Circumference Measurement and Weight Changes Over Time for Assessment of Metabolic Syndrome in Overweight and Obese Children in an Outpatient Clinic Setting Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to increase the measurement of BMI and WC in the overweight (BMI at or greater than the 85th percentile) and obese (BMI at or greater than 95th percentile) outpatient pediatric population ages 6-19 at Mayo Clinic Rochester and surrounding satellite clinics.  Educate providers and nursing staff on the importance and technique of measuring the WC in the overweight and obese outpatient pediatric population with at least a yearly WC  on every child with a BMI at or greater than the 85th percentile.  Determine the prevalence of various components of the metabolic syndrome (MS) including ...

  • Ultrasound Guided vs Unguided Intra-articular Knee Injections Rochester, MN

    To determine the accuracy of unguided versus ultrasound (US) guided knee joint injections in obese patients with no clinically detectable effusion.

  • Molecular Regulation of Muscle Glucose Metabolism Scottsdale/Phoenix, AZ

    This protocol is being conducted to determine the mechanisms responsible for insulin resistance, obesity and type 2 diabetes.

  • Obesity and IBS as likely associated comorbidities Scottsdale/Phoenix, AZ

    This study will evaluate obesity as a comorbidity in a population of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and assess this cohort for vitamin D-deficiency. It will also determine whether alterations in the fecal microbiome and metaproteome, associated with vitamin D deficiency or other factors, underpin obesity-IBS comorbidity.

  • A Study of Effect of Different Biochemical Markers including Leptin and Spexin in Children Before and After Having Hypothalamus Surgery Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to learn more about the changes in levels of Spexin, leptin and other biomarkers such as adiponectin and resting energy expenditure before and after hypothalamic surgery.

  • Investigating if Rapid Gastric Emptying Predicts Future Weight Gain Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to determine through a retrospective cohort if rapid gastric emptying is not only associated with obesity, but if it predicts the future development of the disease.

  • A Study to Evaluate The Effect of Diet and Exercise on Biomarkers Associated with Obesity and Breast Cancer in Overweight Women with Early Stage Breast Cancer Rochester, MN

    The primary purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between a technology-assisted diet and exercise program which is easily implemented in an outpatient setting and the levels of biomarkers that have been associated with breast cancer recurrence risk in overweight women with stage 0, I, or II breast cancer.

  • A Study to Evaluate Interactions Between Hormones and the Nervous System Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to test the hypothesis that obesity is associated with impairment of cardiovascular reflex control, and that this impairment is linked to deficient leptin activity.

  • Muscle Metabolism Characteristics Related to Diabetes-Related Conditions Rochester, MN

    Muscle insulin resistance is a hallmark of upper body obesity (UBO) and Type 2 diabetes (T2DM), whereas lower body obesity (LBO) is characterized by near-normal insulin sensitivity. It is unknown whether muscle free fatty acid (FFA) availability or intramyocellular fatty acid trafficking differs between different obesity phenotypes. Likewise, we do not understand to what extent the incorporation of FFA into ceramides or diacylglycerols (DG) affect insulin signaling and muscle glucose uptake. By measuring muscle FFA storage into intramyocellular triglyceride, intramyocellular fatty acid trafficking, activation of the insulin signaling pathway and glucose disposal rates we will provide the first integrated examination ...

  • A Study to Evaluate the Effects of Niacin on FFA in UBO and T2DM in Insulin Resistant States Rochester, MN

    Muscle insulin resistance is a hallmark of upper body obesity (UBO) and Type 2 diabetes (T2DM). It is unknown whether muscle free fatty acid (FFA) availability or intramyocellular fatty acid trafficking is responsible for the abnormal response to insulin. Likewise, we do not understand to what extent the incorporation of FFA into ceramides or diacylglycerols (DG) affect insulin signaling and muscle glucose uptake. We will measure muscle FFA storage into intramyocellular triglyceride, intramyocellular fatty acid trafficking, activation of the insulin signaling pathway and glucose disposal rates under both saline control (high overnight FFA) and after an overnight infusion of intravenous ...

  • Sleep Restriction and Obesity Rochester, MN

    Insufficient sleep may be one of the most common, and most preventable, obesity risk factors. The investigators wish to determine whether 14 nights of modest sleep restriction results in increased energy balance, thus potentially increasing the risk of obesity. The investigators hypothesize that sleep restriction will result in increased energy balance.

  • A Study to Evaluate Molecular Mechanisms of Exercise Benefits in Insulin Resistant People Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to seek and identify the mechanistic underpinnings of the effects of resistance exercise (RE), especially on insulin sensitivity, oxidative stress, and muscle hypertrophy and strength, in pre-diabetic people with abdominal obesity and insulin resistance (IR).

  • Safety and Efficacy of EndoBarrier in Subjects With Type 2 Diabetes Who Are Obese Scottsdale/Phoenix, AZ; Rochester, MN

    To determine if the EndoBarrier safely and effectively improves glycemic control in obese subjects with type 2 diabetes.

  • A Study to Evaluate Using Pulsed Arterial Spin Labeling Magnetic Resonance Imaging (PASL-MRI) to Study the Function of the Hypothalamus in Anorexia and Obesity Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate if pulsed arterial spin labeling magnetic resonance imaging (PASL MRI) is able to measure a difference in hypothalamic blood flow in patients with anorexia nervosa, opposite than obesity when compared to health.

  • Fat Biology, Sleep Disorders, and Cardiovascular Disease Rochester, MN

    Endothelial dysfunction, or abnormal functioning of the lining of blood vessels, appears to be a key process in the development of cardiovascular disease. Endothelial dysfunction appears to be caused by both sleep disordered breathing and obesity. As endothelial dysfunction is among the first clinical marker that predicts future cardiovascular events, understanding molecular mechanisms leading to impairment of endothelial function is very important. Endothelial function requires the proper functioning of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS). eNOS activity is tightly regulated by caveolin-1, a protein important in the formation of cellular structures called caveolae. Low levels of caveolin-1 facilitate optimal nitric oxide ...

  • A Study Comparing the Effect of Niacin and Insulin on Splanchnic Bed Fatty Acid Spillover Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to learn more about how the body stores dietary fat. Medical research has shown that fat stored in different parts of the body can affect the risk for diabetes, heart disease and other major health conditions.

  • A Study of the Effects of Inflammation on Fat Tissue and Insulin in People with Different Body Shapes Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to see why the ability of fat cells to respond to insulin is different depending on body shape and how fat tissue inflammation is involved.

  • A Study of Adjustable Gastric Banding and Its Effects on After Meal Glucose Metabolism, Independent of Weight Loss Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to determine the mechanism(s) by which common bariatric surgical procedures alter carbohydrate metabolism. Understanding these mechanisms may ultimately lead to the development of new interventions for the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes and obesity.

  • Intramyocellular Fatty Acid Trafficking in Insulin Resistance States - Effects of Intestinal Delivery of Lipids Rochester, MN

    Muscle insulin resistance is a hallmark of upper body obesity (UBO) and Type 2 diabetes (T2DM). It is unknown whether muscle free fatty acid (FFA) availability or intramyocellular fatty acid trafficking is responsible for muscle insulin resistance, although it has been shown that raising FFA with Intralipid can cause muscle insulin resistance within 4 hours. We do not understand to what extent the incorporation of FFA into ceramides or diacylglycerols (DG) affect insulin signaling and muscle glucose uptake. We propose to alter the profile and concentrations of FFA of healthy, non-obese adults using an overnight, intra-duodenal palm oil infusion vs. ...

  • A Study of the Effect of Colesevelam on Glucose Metabolism in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to determine the metabolic effects of Colesevelam, particularly for the ability to lower blood sugar after a meal in type 2 diabetics, in order to develop a better understanding of it's potential role in the treatment of obesity.

  • Addressing Diabetes Together Rochester, MN

    Integration of Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) and Diabetes Self Management Program (DSMP) into WellConnect.

  • A Study to Evaluate the Combining of Endoscopic Ultrasound Guided Liver Biopsy and Stomach Balloon Placement for the Diagnosis and Management of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease and Obesity Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the usefulness of combining a core liver biopsy guided by endoscopic ultrasound and stomach balloon placement by endoscope for the diagnosis and treatment of fatty liver disease and obesity.

  • A Study of the Relationship of Markers of Cellular Senescence to Skeletal Parameters in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to test whether markers of cellular aging and the SASP are elevated in subjects with obesity and further increased in patients with obesity and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) and to relate markers of cellular aging (senescence) and the SASP to skeletal parameters (DXA, HRpQCT, bone turnover markers) in each of these groups.

     

     

  • Interviews Assessing Mood and Eating Behavior Among Participants in the Sleep Restriction and Obesity Study IRB 11-007272 Rochester, MN

    The purpose of the study is to conduct qualitative interviews of participants in a sleep restriction study who were allowed free snacking to learn about their self-observations regarding their eating motivations and behaviors.

  • Investigating the Link Between Type 2 Immunity and NAFLD in Human Obesity- AIM 1 Scottsdale/Phoenix, AZ

    This study is being done to better understand the relationship between inflammation in your AT, abnormal deposition of fat around your liver and how this affects its appearance and function and ultimately insulin resistance.

  • A Study to Evaluate the Mechanisms Leading to Hyperoxaluria and Increased Risk of Kidney Stone Formation after Bariatric Surgery Rochester, MN

    This study aims to evaluate the mechanisms leading to hyperoxaluria and increased risk of kidney stone formation after bariatric surgery.

  • Breast Cancer WEight Loss Study (BWEL Study) La Crosse, WI; Albert Lea, MN; Eau Claire, WI; Mankato, MN; Scottsdale/Phoenix, AZ; Jacksonville, FL; Rochester, MN

    This randomized phase III trial studies whether weight loss in overweight and obese women may prevent breast cancer from coming back (recurrence). Previous studies have found that women who are overweight or obese when their breast cancer is found (diagnosed) have a greater risk of their breast cancer recurring, as compared to women who were thinner when their cancer was diagnosed. This study aims to test whether overweight or obese women who take part in a weight loss program after being diagnosed with breast cancer have a lower rate of cancer recurrence as compared to women who do not take ...

  • A Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness and Safety of Aramchol Versus Placebo in Subjects With NASH (ARMOR) Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of Aramchol as compared to placebo on NASH resolution, fibrosis improvement and clinical outcomes related to progression of liver disease (fibrosis stages 2-3 who are overweight or obese and have prediabetes or type 2 diabetes).

     

     

  • Transforming Non-Invasive Liver Disease Detection by Magnetic Resonance Elastography Rochester, MN

    A variety of liver insults lead to pathological changes in liver architecture that culminate in cirrhosis. While invasive liver biopsy was required to detect cirrhosis, the development of magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) has revolutionized our ability to detect liver fibrosis through non-invasive means that involve measurement of liver stiffness. However, a number of pathological findings occur in liver in response to various insults that precede cirrhosis and are clinically important to identify such as steatosis associated with NASH, inflammation associated with viral hepatitis, and congestion associated with cardiac hepatopathy. Detection of such entities provides essential diagnostic, prognostic, and treatment information ...

  • COVFIS-HOME: COVID-19 Pilot Study of Fisetin to Alleviate Dysfunction and Decrease Complications Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to determine whether short-term treatment with Fisetin reduces the rate of death and long term complications related to COVID-19.

  • A Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness and Safety of Remdesivir to Treat Coronavirus Disease 2019 in an Outpatient Setting Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effietiveness of remdesivir (RDV) in reducing the rate of of all-cause medically attended visits (MAVs; medical visits attended in person by the participant and a health care professional) or death in non-hospitalized participants with early stage coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and to evaluate the safety of RDV administered in an outpatient setting.

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