Low Level Laser Treatment (LLLT) and Lorcaserin for Weight Management

Overview

About this study

Currently in the United States about 97 million adults are considered obese, accounting for about 33% of the American adult population (compared to 22.9% in 1988). Obesity, defined as a body mass index of 30.0 or higher, is accountable for 44% of the diabetes, 23% of the ischemic heart disease and between 7% and 41% of certain cancers. The Erchonia® Zerona™ 2.0 Laser (which will be used in this study) has been approved by the FDA (K123237) as a non-invasive dermatological aesthetic treatment which can be used by individuals intending to reduce circumference of hips, waist, and thighs. Lorcaserin is a selective serotonin 2C (5-HT(2C)) receptor agonist. The exact mechanism of action is not known, but lorcaserin is believed to promote satiety and decrease food intake by activating 5-HT(2C) receptors on anorexigenic pro-opiomelanocortin neurons in the hypothalamus. Lorcaserin was approved by the FDA on June 2012 for weight management in people with a BMI of > 27 kg/m2 (overweight) when accompanied by a weigh-related condition such as type 2 diabetes or high blood pressure or in people with a BMI > 30 kg/m2 (obese). The purpose of this pilot study is to obtain preliminary data on: 1) effectiveness of the combination of LLLT and lorcaserin for reducing abdominal subcutaneous fat in overweight/obese individuals; 2) impact of LLLT on inflammatory biomarkers, blood sugar, and cholesterol.

Participation eligibility

Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. There is no guarantee that every individual who qualifies and wants to participate in a trial will be enrolled. Contact the study team to discuss study eligibility and potential participation.

Inclusion Criteria:

  • be 18-70 years of age;
  • have a body weight of greater than 50 kg (110 pounds);
  • have a BMI 27-39.9 kg/m2;
  • be weight concerned;
  • be motivated to reduce their central adiposity;
  • be able to participate fully in all aspects of the study;
  • have understood and signed study informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • have used weight loss medications or participated in a weight loss program within the past 30 days;
  • are currently taking supplements known to affect weight, such as garcinia cambrogia;
  • have had weight fluctuations of 20 pounds or more in the past 6 months (self-report);
  • have an implanted device (including pacemaker or lap band) in the targeted area of LLLT;
  • have an active untreated clinically significant psychiatric condition (psychosis, bipolar disorder, or depression);
  • have used an investigational drug within 30 days of study enrollment;
  • have a recent history (past 30 days) of alcohol or drug abuse or dependence;
  • are currently pregnant or lactating, or are of child-bearing potential or are likely to become pregnant during the medication phase and are unwilling to use a reliable form of contraception;
  • have a history of any major cardiovascular events including heart valve disease, cardiac arrhythmias, congestive heart failure, acute coronary syndrome, stroke, transient ischemic attack, or peripheral vascular disease;
  • have current uncontrolled hypertension (systolic > 165 mm Hg or diastolic > 95 mm Hg) documented on 2 separate occasions;
  • have clinically significant acute or chronic progressive or unstable neurologic, hepatic, renal, cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, or metabolic disease (such as diabetes) or active cancer or are within 1 year of cancer remission;
  • Prior surgical intervention for body sculpting/weight loss, such as liposuction, abdominoplasty, stomach stapling, lap band surgery, etc.;
  • medical, physical, or other contraindications for body sculpting/weight loss;
  • current use of medication(s) known to affect weight levels/cause bloating or swelling and for which abstinence during the course of study participation is not safe or medically prudent;
  • concurrently taking a serotonergic drug (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), triptans, bupropion, dextromethorphan, St. John's Wort). These drugs can be used to treat depression and/or migraines but are contraindicated with lorcaserin;
  • any medical condition known to affect weight levels and/or to cause bloating or swelling;
  • diagnosis of, and/or taking medication for, irritable bowel syndrome;
  • active infection, wound or other external trauma to the areas to be treated with the laser;
  • known photosensitivity disorder;
  • are allergic to lorcaserin;
  • current active cancer or currently receiving treatment for cancer; or
  • have a known history of any condition or factor judged by the investigator to preclude participation in the study or which might hinder adherence.

Participating Mayo Clinic locations

Study statuses change often. Please contact the study team for the most up-to-date information regarding possible participation.

Mayo Clinic Location Status

Rochester, Minn.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

Ivana Croghan, Ph.D.

Closed for enrollment

More information

Publications

Publications are currently not available

Study Results Summary

Not yet available

Supplemental Study Information

Not yet available

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CLS-20111485

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