postoperative care

Displaying 14 studies

  • Patient Reported Measures of Surgical Recovery Rochester, MN

    Surgeons use the absence of post-operative complications and a short hospital stay as a proxy for successful surgery and recovery. Patients define recovery as ‘return to normal’, which encompasses their overall quality of life (QOL), physical and mental well-being, social functioning, and the absence of pain or fatigue, also known as patient reported outcomes (PROs). The Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) and the 10 point Linear Analogue Self- Assessment Questionnaire (LASA) tools are both candidates for effective, easily accessible measures of patient recovery after surgery. The purpose of this study is to define which PROMIS sub-scores and individual ...

  • A Study to Assess Beliefs and Attitudes of Surgeons and Primary Care Providers on Post-operative Opioid Use Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to assess factors affecting opioid prescribing variability among surgical and primary care providers, utilizing a qualitative approach, and to identify factors influencing the transition (i.e., “handoff”) of opioid prescribing from surgical providers to primary care providers in the postoperative period for a subset of patients receiving prolonged postoperative opioid use, utilizing qualitative assessment.

  • Innovative Methods for Real-Time Risk Modeling of Postoperative Complications Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to develop and implement advanced risk models based on preoperative and real-time streaming high-resolution intraoperative data.

  • A Study to Evaluate ICU Simulation Experience in the Cardiothoracic Surgical Population to Reduce Post-operative Delirium Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of a pre-ICU admission simulation session on post-operative delirium in the elective cardiothoracic surgical population while in the intensive care unit.

  • A Study of Bowel Function Return After One or Two Level Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion with Chewing Gum Scottsdale/Phoenix, AZ

    The purpose of this study is to observe changes in bowel pattern based on gum-chewing, examine bowel function after anterior lumbar interbody fusion, measure length of time to return of bowel function after anterior lumbar interbody fusion, compare return of bowel function in patients who chew gum and patients standardized to usual post-operative care, measure the hospital length of stay amongst study groups, and measure post-operative pain amongst study groups.

  • Post Operative Adjuvant Therapy De-intensification Trial for Human Papillomavirus-related, p16+ Oropharynx Cancer Scottsdale/Phoenix, AZ

    This randomized clinical trial studies the intensity of adjuvant ("helper") therapy required in p16 positive oropharynx cancer patients, who have had all known disease removed surgically by a minimally invasive approach, and who have extracapsular spread in their lymph nodes. After the surgery, patients are randomized to receive either radiation alone, or radiation and weekly cis-platinum during therapy. Patients are then followed for cancer, functional and quality of life outcomes.

  • A Study to Investigate the Use of Diaphragm Muscle Ultrasound to Assess the Duration of a Diaphragm Nerve Block Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to to determine the impact of anesthesia (liposomal bupivacaine) on diaphragm muscle forces using a non-invasive ultrasonographic shear wave elastography (SWE) method.  

  • Evaluation of Patient Outcomes From the Kidney Allograft Outcomes AlloSure® Registry Jacksonville, FL

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate safety and efficacy outcomes in renal transplant recipients in whom post-transplant care is managed using AlloSure®. AlloSure® is a non-invasive test to measure donor-derived cell-free DNA (dd-cfDNA). The AlloSure test is intended to assess the probability of allograft rejection in kidney transplant recipients with clinical suspicion of rejection and to inform clinical decision-making regarding the necessity of renal biopsy in such patients at least 2 weeks post-transplant in conjunction with standard clinical assessment. Amendment 1 (A1): Is an observational study to develop and validate the clinical use of KidneyCare®.

  • A Study to Evaluate the Effects of Physical Therapy on Patients Treated with Surgery (Periacetabular Osteotomy or PAO) for Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH) Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to assess perioperative and postoperative outcomes to date in patients treated with surgery (Periacetabular Osteotomy or PAO) for Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH) receiving formal postoperative physical therapy versus those patients who did not receive formal postoperative physical therapy.

  • A Study of Noninvasive Hemoglobin Monitoring in Pediatric Patients Undergoing Orthopedic Surgery Rochester, MN

    The purposes of this study are to validate noninvasive hemoglobin monitoring in postoperative orthopedic pediatric patients, to evaluate patient, parent, and provider preference of noninvasive hemoglobin monitoring compared to invasive blood draw, and to evaluate cost effectiveness of noninvasive monitoring in comparison to invasive blood draws.

  • A Study to Evaluate Aortic Dilatation in Patients with Conotruncal Abnormalities Rochester, MN

    The purpose of this study is to assess operative and postoperative outcomes after aortic valve surgery, evaluate for changes in ascending aorta diameter by comparing pre-operative CT imaging to measurements on follow-up imaging, and examine late outcomes and functional status during the follow-up period with specific focus on mortality, need for re-operation and incidence of aortic dissection.

  • Acupuncture Treatment for Patients Who Develop Arrhythmias in the Post-Operative Cardio-Thoracic Setting Rochester, MN

    A feasibility study on the provision of acupuncture treatment in the hospital to 20 patients who have undergone open heart surgery procedures. The acupuncture treatments may begin as early as postoperative Day 2.

  • A StudyUsing Telemedicine Care to Determine What Bariatric Patients Prefer Rochester, MN

    The primary purpose of this study is to determine bariatric patients’ preference of telemedicine or in-person assessment for post-operative care.

  • Pharmacogenomics and Post-Operative Nausea and Vomiting Rochester, MN

    The Researchers overall goal is to evaluate the benefit and utility of preemptive genotypic data to guide post-operative nausea and vomiting treatment in the bariatric surgical population. The hypothesis is that using genotypic variation in CYP2D6 to select the appropriate 5HT3 serotonin receptor antagonist to treat PONV will decrease rates of PONV in the bariatric surgical population.

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