An Evaluation of Rigid Sternal Fixation in Supporting Bone Healing and Improving Postoperative Recovery


  • Study type

  • Study IDs

  • Describes the nature of a clinical study. Types include:

    • Observational study — observes people and measures outcomes without affecting results.
    • Interventional study (clinical trial) — studies new tests, treatments, drugs, surgical procedures or devices.
    • Medical records research — uses historical information collected from medical records of large groups of people to study how diseases progress and which treatments and surgeries work best.
  • Site IRB
    • Jacksonville, Florida: 13-003077
    NCT ID: NCT01783483
    Sponsor Protocol Number: 0712

About this study

The primary objective of this study is to evaluate sternal bone healing following a full median sternotomy versus standard of care for sternal closure with wire cerclage. Additional outcomes on post-operative pain and analgesic usage, patient function and quality of life, and complications will also be collected. A health economics study will also be conducted, in which cost and billing data will be collected from sites participating in this clinical study.

Participation eligibility

Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. If you need assistance understanding the eligibility criteria, please contact the study team.

See eligibility criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients undergoing a full standard midline sternotomy as a result of a cardiac surgical procedure (i.e. coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) and/or valve replacement along with other cardiac surgical procedures)
  • Patients admitted to the hospital the day of or the day before their scheduled surgical procedure
  • Patients ≥ 18 years of age
  • Patients with a BMI < 40

Exclusion Criteria:


  • Patients with endstage renal failure who are on dialysis
  • Patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (FEV1 < 50% or patients on on-home oxygen)
  • Patients on prescribed pre-operative narcotics
  • Patients taking chronic steroids, biologics acting as immunosuppressants (e.g. Enbrel (etanercept), Humira (adalimumab), Remicade (infliximab), or chemotherapeutics (iv or oral chemotherapeutics for cancer). Patients using a steroid inhaler for asthma should not be excluded.
  • Patients with an active infection as defined by a positive culture
  • Patients with foreign body sensitivity
  • Patients with mental or neurologic conditions who are unwilling or incapable of following postoperative care instructions
  • Patients defined within the New York Heart Association (NYHA) or Canadian Cardiovascular Society (CCS) functional Class IV for congestive heart failure: i.e., patients with cardiac disease resulting in inability to carry on any physical activity without discomfort (CCS ; NYHA)
  • Patients presenting emergent/salvage cardiac acuity as defined per the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) guidelines: i.e., patients undergoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation en route to the operating room or prior to induction of anesthesia (STS)
  • Patients unwilling or unable to return for follow-up


  • Patients requiring delayed sternotomy closure
  • Patients with an off-midline sternotomy reducing the bony margin between a SternaLock screw body and an osteotomy to within 2mm or less
  • Patients presenting intra-operative conditions that in the opinion of the treating surgeon would require or preclude the use of either wire cerclage or rigid fixation, or who are not able to be plated or wired per the protocol (e.g. patients who in the opinion of the surgeon have insufficient quantity of quality of sternal bone; redo sternotomy with excessive fibrous tissue)
  • Use of non resorbable (beeswax) bonewax
  • Intraoperative death prior to device placement

Participating Mayo Clinic locations

Study statuses change often. Please contact us for help.

Mayo Clinic Location Status

Jacksonville, Fla.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

Kevin Landolfo, M.D.

Closed for enrollment


Mayo Clinic Footer