Throwing and Overhead Injury
Because throwing and overhead ‒ focused sports, such as baseball, softball, swimming, volleyball and tennis, place unique demands on the body, they can lead to certain injuries that require specialized treatment. Through years of research and clinical experience, specialists at Mayo Clinic Sports Medicine have developed the expertise needed to help injured athletes return to these high-demand activities.
- OCD lesions of the capitellum are common in overhead athletes and can be difficult to treat. Learn about current literature and the treatment algorithm used at Mayo Clinic.
- Recent findings in the normal structure, anatomy and function of the UCL (Tommy John ligament).
- Return to play rates, return to play times and subsequent surgeries of every Tommy John surgery performed in professional baseball pitchers from 1974 to 2016.
- During Tommy John surgery, tunnels are drilled into the bones for the new ligament, impacting the blood flow of the area. The docking technique is the least disruptive to blood flow.
- Insertional anatomy of the UCL (Tommy John ligament) is larger and longer than previously thought.
- Professional baseball injury trends, days missed, treatments, outcomes and much more from 50,000 injuries occurring from 2011 to 2016 in professional baseball. Individual injury types broken down into great detail.
- Catchers had the lowest return to play rate of any position in professional baseball from 1974 to 2016 dispels previous ideas that position players recovered from Tommy John surgery more quickly than pitchers.
- Professional baseball pitchers having UCL reconstruction (Tommy John surgery) as amateurs (before they were drafted), performed as well as, if not better than, matched controls without elbow surgery.
- A literature review of injury prevention strategies at each level of baseball, from youth to professional.
- A summary of the most recent information on biceps and superior labral complex injuries (SLAP tears) common in overhead athletes and tough to treat.
- The best alternative options, both surgical and nonoperative, for UCL (Tommy John) injuries.
- Restricted shoulder range of motion increases the risk of elbow injuries in professional baseball pitchers, but not all motion deficits are the same.
- Wearable technology is used to describe and characterize numerous throwing metrics in healthy, professional baseball pitchers. Normal values in healthy pitchers are compared in injured and recovering pitchers.