EEG Cap for Identification of Non-Convulsive Status Epilepticus


About this study

Altered mental status (AMS) is one of the most common reasons for inpatient neurology consultation. Non-convulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) is frequently on the differential diagnosis of the patient with AMS. NCSE becomes more refractory to treatment after one hour of seizure activity, making rapid identification and treatment of NCSE of great clinical importance. Currently, an electroencephalogram (EEG) technologist must be called in from home during non-workday hours in order to obtain a stat EEG. The investigators propose the time required for diagnosis of NCSE at Mayo Clinic can be significantly decreased with rapid placement of an EEG cap by the onsite neurology residents.

Participation eligibility

Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. There is no guarantee that every individual who qualifies and wants to participate in a trial will be enrolled. Contact the study team to discuss study eligibility and potential participation.

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients with suspected NCSE in the Mayo Clinic Florida hospital, emergency room or intensive care unit.
  2. Age: Patients of 18 years or older will be included in this study
  3. Education: All education levels will be included

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients younger than 18 years of age.
  2. Patients with open head trauma.
  3. Patients with anatomy that would preclude EEG cap placement.
  4. Patients excluded for anatomical or age-related reasons will be tracked to determine applicability of the EEG cap to the patient population at Mayo Clinic.
  5. Pregnant females
  6. Large head size not amenable to cap placement
  7. Scalp infection
  8. Inability to obtain informed consent

Participating Mayo Clinic locations

Study statuses change often. Please contact the study team for the most up-to-date information regarding possible participation.

Mayo Clinic Location Status

Jacksonville, Fla.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

William Tatum, D.O.

Closed for enrollment

More information


  • In a previous paper, we reviewed the range of therapies available for the treatment of super-refractory status epilepticus. Here we report a review of the outcome of therapies in refractory and super-refractory status epilepticus. Patients (n = 1168) are reported who had therapy with: thiopental, pentobarbital, midazolam, propofol, ketamine, inhalational anaesthetics (isoflurane, desflurane), antiepileptic drugs (topiramate, lacosamide, pregabalin, levetiracetam), hypothermia, magnesium, pyridoxine, immunotherapy, ketogenic diet, emergency neurosurgery, electroconvulsive therapy, cerebrospinal fluid drainage, vagal nerve stimulation and deep brain stimulation. The outcome parameters reported include control of status epilepticus, relapse on withdrawal, breakthrough seizures and mortality. Where reported (596 cases), the long-term outcome was found to be death (35%), severe neurological deficit (13%), mild neurological deficit (13%), undefined deficit (4%) and recovery to baseline (35%). The quality of reported outcome data is generally poor and the number of cases reported for all non-anaesthetic therapies is low. Outcome assessment is complicated by changes in co-medication, delay in response and publication bias. Given these deficits, only broad recommendations can be made regarding optimal therapy. An approach to therapy, divided into first-line, second-line and third-line therapy, is suggested on the basis of this outcome evaluation. The importance of treatments directed at the cause of the status epilepticus, and of supportive ITU care is also emphasized. Read More on PubMed

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