Alisertib With or Without Fulvestrant in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced or Metastatic, Endocrine-Resistant Breast Cancer

Overview

About this study

This phase II trial studies how well alisertib with or without fulvestrant works in treating patients with endocrine-resistant breast cancer that has spread to other places in the body. Alisertib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Hormone therapy using fulvestrant may fight breast cancer by blocking the use of estrogen by the tumor cells or reducing the amount of estrogen made by the body. Giving alisertib with or without fulvestrant may be better in treating patients with breast cancer.

Participation eligibility

Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. If you need assistance understanding the eligibility criteria, please contact the study team.

Inclusion Criteria - Pre-Registration:

  • Females age ≥ 18 years.
  • Post-menopausal defined as:
    • Age 60 and amenorrhea >12 consecutive months; OR
    • Previous bilateral oophorectomy; OR
    • Age <60 and amenorrhea >12 consecutive months and documented follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) level within post-menopausal range according to institutional standard.
    • NOTE: If FSH level not within post-menopausal range according to institutional standard, but there is other evidence of post-menopausal status, exceptions may be granted by the PI.
  • Histologic proof of metastatic or locally advanced, unresectable breast cancer.
  • History of ER positive (+) (≥10% of cells positive on H&E), HER2 negative (−) breast cancer disease, either as a:
    • History of primary, operable ER+/HER2− invasive breast cancer; OR
    • History of de novo metastatic breast cancer that is ER+/HER2−.
  • Note: HER2− (negative) disease defined as one of the following:
    • HER2 IHC expression of 0, 1+ and ISH non-amplified;
    • HER2 IHC expression of 0, 1+ and ISH not done;
    • HER2 IHC expression of 2+ and ISH non-amplified;
    • IHC not done and ISH non-amplified.
  • Note: supporting documentation such as a pathology report from their primary diagnosis that indicates ER+/Her2- invasive breast cancer or a biopsy report of de novo metastatic breast cancer that is ER+/HER2− should be submitted through the RAVE database.

Prior Treatment

  • No more than two prior chemotherapy regimens in the metastatic setting.
  • Prior treatment with fulvestrant in the metastatic setting is required, except for patients with a history of ER-negative metastatic breast cancer.
  • Unlimited prior endocrine therapy regimens in the metastatic setting are allowed.
  • No prior treatment with an Aurora Kinase inhibitor (either an Aurora A or pan-Aurora kinase inhibitor).
  • Disease that is measurable where:
    • A non-modal lesion is considered measurable if its longest diameter can be accurately measured as ≥ 2.0 cm with chest x-ray, or as ≥ 1.0 cm with CT scan, CT component of a PET/CT, or MRI;
    • A malignant lymph node is considered measurable if its short axis is ≥ 1.5 cm when assessed by CT scan (CT scan slice thickness recommended to be no greater than 5 mm);
    • Note: Tumor lesions in a previously irradiated area are not considered measurable disease.
    • Note: Disease that is measurable by physical examination only is not eligible.
  • No history of tumors involving spinal cord or heart.
  • Fully recovered from acute, reversible effects of prior therapy regardless of interval since last treatment.
    • EXCEPTION: Neuropathies – if Grade 2 neuropathies have been stable for at least 3 months since completion of prior treatment, patient is eligible.
  • ECOG Performance Status: 0 or 1.
  • No requirement for constant administration of proton pump inhibitor, H2 antagonist, or pancreatic enzymes.
  • Willing to limit daily alcohol intake to the following: one 12-oz glass of beer, one 6-oz glass of wine, or one 1.5-oz portion of 80-proof alcohol.
  • No uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to:
    • ongoing or active infection;
    • symptomatic congestive heart failure;
    • unstable angina pectoris;
    • uncontrolled symptomatic cardiac arrhythmia;
    • uncontrolled hypertension (defined as blood pressure >160/90).
  • No history of uncontrolled sleep apnea syndrome and other conditions that could result in excessive daytime sleepiness, such as severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or requirement for supplemental oxygen.
  • No other active second malignancy other than non-melanoma skin cancers and in situ cervical cancers within 5 years of registration.
    • NOTE: A second malignancy is not considered active if all treatment for that malignancy is completed and the patient has been disease-free for at least 5 years prior to registration.
  • Ability to provide written informed consent.
  • Willing to return to enrolling institution for follow-up during the active treatment. Event monitoring following completion of therapy may occur outside the enrolling institution.
  • No history of myocardial infarction ≤6 months prior to pre-registration or New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III or IV heart failure, uncontrolled angina, severe uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmias, or electrocardiographic evidence of acute ischemia or active conduction system abnormalities.
  • No prior allogeneic bone marrow or organ transplantation.
  • No known clinical finding or suspicion of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, hepatitis B, or hepatitis C.
  • No co-morbid systemic illnesses or other severe concurrent disease which, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study or interfere significantly with the proper assessment of safety and toxicity of the prescribed regimens.
  • Able to swallow oral medication.
  • No known GI disease or GI procedures that could interfere with the oral absorption or tolerance of alisertib. Examples include, but are not limited to partial gastrectomy, history of small intestine surgery, and celiac disease.
  • No visceral crisis: Visceral crisis is moderate-to-severe organ dysfunction as assessed by symptoms and signs, laboratory studies, and rapid progression of disease.
  • Willing to undergo a biopsy of a metastatic site of breast disease for central laboratory determination of ER and correlative research purposes.
    • NOTE: If insufficient or no tissue is obtained by the pre-registration biopsy, an archival tissue specimen (preferably from a metastatic site) must be available to submit for Central Laboratory ER determination prior to registration.

Registration Eligibility Criteria:

  •  ≤ 28 days post pre-registration.
  •  Central Laboratory ER determination completed.
  • The following laboratory values obtained £14 days prior to randomization:
    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1500/mm3;
    • Platelet count 100,000/mm3;
    • Hemoglobin ≥9.0 g/dL;
    • Total bilirubin ULN;
    • NOTE: If total bilirubin is out of range then direct bilirubin must be ≤ULN.
    • Alanine transaminase (ALT) 2.5 x ULN (5 x ULN for patients with liver involvement);
    • Calculated creatinine clearance must be ≥45 ml/min using the Cockcroft-Gault formula below:
    • Cockcroft-Gault Equation:
    • Creatinine clearance for females =  (140 - age)(weight in kg)(0.85)
                                                               (72)(serum creatinine in mg/dL)
  • ECOG Performance Status: 0 or 1.
  • Life expectancy of ≥ 6 months.
  • Willing to provide blood and tissue for correlative research purposes.

Registration Exclusion Criteria

  • Any of the following therapies prior to registration:
    • Chemotherapy ≤ 21 days;
    • Immunotherapy ≤ 21 days;
    • Biologic therapy (includes monoclonal antibodies) ≤ 21 days;
    • Hormonal therapy ≤ 14 days except fulvestrant ≤ 21 days;
    • Targeted therapies including CDK 4/6 inhibitors (e.g. palbociclib, abemaciclib, ribociclib, etc.) and mTOR inhibitors (e.g., everolimus) ≤ 21 days;
    • Other investigational agents ≤ 21 days;
    • Radiation therapy ≤ 14 days;
    • Minor surgical or interventional procedure ≤ 7 days;
    • Major surgical procedure ≤ 21 days.
  • Administration of myeloid growth factors or platelet transfusion ≤14 days prior to registration.
  • Systemic infection requiring IV antibiotic therapy ≤ 14 days prior to registration.
  • Treatment with clinically significant enzyme inducers, such as the enzyme-inducing antiepileptic drugs phenytoin, carbamazepine or phenobarbital, or rifampin, rifabutin, rifapentine or St. John's wort ≤14 days prior to registration.
  • Require constant administration of proton pump inhibitor, H2 antagonist, or pancreatic enzymes.
  • Development of visceral crisis since pre-registration.
    • NOTE: Visceral crisis is moderate-to-severe organ dysfunction as assessed by symptoms and signs, laboratory studies, and rapid progression of disease.
  • History of brain metastases.

 

 

 

Inclusion Criteria - Registration:

  • =< 28 days post pre-registration.
  • Central ER determination on pre-registration biopsy completed.
  • The following laboratory values obtained ≤14 days prior to randomization:

    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1500/mm^3;
    • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm^3;
    • Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL;
      • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN).
        NOTE: If total bilirubin is out of range then direct bilirubin must be ≤ ULN.
    • Alanine transaminase (ALT) ≤ 3 x ULN (≤ 5 x ULN for patients with liver involvement).
    • Calculated creatinine clearance must be ≥ 45 ml/min using the Cockcroft-Gault formula.
    • Cockcroft-Gault Equation:
      • Creatinine clearance for females = (140 - age)(weight in kg)(0.85)
        •                                              (72)(serum creatinine in mg/dL)
  • ECOG Performance Status:  0 or 1.
  • Life expectancy of ≤ 6 months.
  • Willing to provide blood and tissue for correlative research purposes.

Exclusion Criteria - Registration:

  • Any of the following therapies prior to registration:
    • Chemotherapy ≤ 21 days;
    • Immunotherapy ≤ 21 days;
    • Biologic therapy ≤ 21 days;
    • Hormonal therapy ≤ 14 days;
    • Monoclonal antibodies ≤ 14 days;
    • Radiation therapy ≤ 14 days;
    • Minor surgical or intervention procedure ≤ 7 days;
    • Major surgical procedure ≤ 21 days.
  • Administration of myeloid growth factors or platelet transfusion ≤ 14 days prior to registration.
  • Systemic infection requiring intravenous (IV) antibiotic therapy ≤ 14 days prior to registration.
  • Treatment with clinically significant enzyme inducers, such as the enzyme-inducing antiepileptic drugs phenytoin, carbamazepine or phenobarbital, or rifampin, rifabutin, rifapentine or St. John's wort ≤ 14 days prior to registration.
  • Receipt of corticosteroids ≤ 7 days prior to registration, unless patient has been taking a continuous dose of no more than 15 mg/day of prednisone for at least 30 days prior to registration.
  • Development of visceral crisis since pre-registration.
    • NOTE: Visceral crisis is moderate-to-severe organ dysfunction as assessed by symptoms and signs, laboratory studies, and rapid progression of disease.
  • History or evidence of brain metastases.

Participating Mayo Clinic locations

Study statuses change often. Please contact us for help.

Mayo Clinic Location Status Contact

Rochester, Minn.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

Tufia Haddad, M.D.

Contact us for the latest status

Contact information:

Cancer Center Clinical Trials Referral Office

(855) 776-0015

Scottsdale/Phoenix, Ariz.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

Tufia Haddad, M.D.

Contact us for the latest status

Contact information:

Cancer Center Clinical Trials Referral Office

(855) 776-0015

More information

Publications

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Study Results Summary

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Supplemental Study Information

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CLS-20235636

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