Novel Approaches for Graft-versus-Host Disease Prevention Compared to Contemporary Controls (BMT CTN 1203)


About this study

Acute Graft-versus-Host-Disease (GVHD) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). This study aims to determine if any of three new GVHD prophylaxis approaches improves the rate of GVHD and relapse free survival at one year after transplant compared to the current standard prophylaxis regimen.

Participation eligibility

Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. There is no guarantee that every individual who qualifies and wants to participate in a trial will be enrolled. Contact the study team to discuss study eligibility and potential participation.

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age 18-75 years (patient is older than 18.0 and less than 76.0 years old)
  2. Patients with acute leukemia, chronic myelogenous leukemia or myelodysplasia with no circulating blasts and with less than 5% blasts in the bone marrow.
  3. Patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma, follicular, marginal zone, diffuse large B-cell, Hodgkin's Lymphoma,or mantle cell lymphoma with chemosensitive disease at time of transplantation
  4. Planned reduced intensity conditioning regimen (see eligible regimens in Table 2.4a)
  5. Patients must have a related or unrelated peripheral blood stem cell donor as follows:
    1. Sibling donor must be a 6/6 match for HLA-A and -B at intermediate (or higher) resolution, and -DRB1 at high resolution using DNA-based typing, and must be willing to donate peripheral blood stem cells and meet institutional criteria for donation.
    2. Unrelated donor must be a 7/8 or 8/8 match at HLA-A, -B, -C and -DRB1 at high resolution using DNA-based typing. Unrelated donor must be willing to donate peripheral blood stem cells and be medically cleared to donate stem cells according to National Marrow Donor Program (NMDP) criteria.
  6. Cardiac function: Ejection fraction at rest ≥ 45%
  7. Estimated creatinine clearance greater than 50 mL/minute (using the Cockcroft-Gault formula and actual body weight)
  8. Pulmonary function: Diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) ≥ 40% (adjusted for hemoglobin) and forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) ≥ 50%
  9. Liver function: total bilirubin < 1.5 x the upper limit of normal and alanine aminotransferase (ALT)/aspartate aminotransferase (AST) < 2.5x the upper normal limit. Patients who have been diagnosed with Gilbert's Disease are allowed to exceed the defined bilirubin value of 1.5x the upper limit of normal.
  10. Female subjects (unless postmenopausal for at least 1 year before the screening visit, or surgically sterilized), agree to practice two (2) effective methods of contraception at the same time, or agree to completely abstain from heterosexual intercourse, from the time of signing the informed consent through 12 months post transplant (see Section 2.6.4 for definition of postmenopausal).
  11. Male subjects (even if surgically sterilized), of partners of women of childbearing potential must agree to one of the following: practice effective barrier contraception (see Section 2.6.4 for list of barrier methods), or abstain from heterosexual intercourse from the time of signing the informed consent through 12 months post transplant.
  12. Signed informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Prior allogeneic transplant
  2. Karnofsky Performance Score < 70%
  3. Active central nervous system (CNS) involvement by malignant cells
  4. Patients with uncontrolled bacterial, viral or fungal infections (currently taking medication and with progression or no clinical improvement) at time of enrollment.
  5. Presence of fluid collection (ascites, pleural or pericardial effusion) that interferes with methotrexate clearance or makes methotrexate use contraindicated
  6. Patients with transformed lymphoma (e.g., Richters transformation arising in follicular lymphoma or chronic lymphocytic leukemia)
  7. Patients seropositive for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  8. Patient with active Hepatitis B or C determined by serology and/or nucleic acid amplification tests (NAAT)
  9. Patients with hypersensitivity to bortezomib, boron or mannitol
  10. Patients with ≥ grade 2 sensory peripheral neuropathy
  11. Myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to enrollment or New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III or IV heart failure (see Appendix D), uncontrolled angina, severe uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmias, or electrocardiographic evidence of acute ischemia or active conduction system abnormalities. Prior to study entry, any ECG abnormality at screening must be documented by the investigator as not medically relevant.
  12. Female patients who are lactating or pregnant
  13. Patients with a serious medical or psychiatric illness likely to interfere with participation in this clinical study
  14. Patients with prior malignancies except resected basal cell carcinoma or treated cervical carcinoma in situ. Cancer treated with curative intent ≥ 5 years previously will be allowed. Cancer treated with curative intent < 5 years previously will not be allowed unless approved by the Protocol Officer or one of the Protocol Chairs.
  15. Planned use of anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) or alemtuzumab in conditioning regimen.
  16. Planned post-transplant therapy, including use of tyrosine-kinase inhibitors (TKI).
  17. Inability to withhold agents that may interact with hepatic cytochrome P450 enzymes (CYP3A4), or glutathione S-transferases involved in bortezomib and/or busulfan metabolism during day -5 through day +7. It is acceptable to use alternative non-interacting medications during this period, and then resume prior medications.
  18. Patients with secondary acute myeloid leukemia arising from myeloproliferative disease, including Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML), with evidence of active myeloproliferative features or myelofibrosis in the background.

Participating Mayo Clinic locations

Study statuses change often. Please contact the study team for the most up-to-date information regarding possible participation.

Mayo Clinic Location Status

Rochester, Minn.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

William Hogan, M.B., B.Ch.

Closed for enrollment

More information


  • This consensus document is intended to serve 3 functions. First, it standardizes the criteria for diagnosis of chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Second, it proposes a new clinical scoring system (0-3) that describes the extent and severity of chronic GVHD for each organ or site at any given time, taking functional impact into account. Third, it proposes new guidelines for global assessment of chronic GVHD severity that are based on the number of organs or sites involved and the degree of involvement in affected organs (mild, moderate, or severe). Diagnosis of chronic GVHD requires the presence of at least 1 diagnostic clinical sign of chronic GVHD (e.g., poikiloderma or esophageal web) or the presence of at least 1 distinctive manifestation (e.g., keratoconjunctivitis sicca) confirmed by pertinent biopsy or other relevant tests (e.g., Schirmer test) in the same or another organ. Furthermore, other possible diagnoses for clinical symptoms must be excluded. No time limit is set for the diagnosis of chronic GVHD. The Working Group recognized 2 main categories of GVHD, each with 2 subcategories. The acute GVHD category is defined in the absence of diagnostic or distinctive features of chronic GVHD and includes (1) classic acute GVHD occurring within 100 days after transplantation and (2) persistent, recurrent, or late acute GVHD (features of acute GVHD occurring beyond 100 days, often during withdrawal of immune suppression). The broad category of chronic GVHD includes (1) classic chronic GVHD (without features or characteristics of acute GVHD) and (2) an overlap syndrome in which diagnostic or distinctive features of chronic GVHD and acute GVHD appear together. It is currently recommended that systemic therapy be considered for patients who meet criteria for chronic GVHD of moderate to severe global severity. Read More on PubMed
  • Grading acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is usually based on quantification of rash, serum bilirubin and diarrhea. Standard criteria have been developed and used for > 20 years by most transplant centers. However, neither the standard GVHD grading system nor any of several revisions has been validated in the context of GVHD prophylaxis with cyclosporine. The 1994 Consensus Conference on Acute GVHD Grading held in Keystone in January 1994 provided an opportunity to: (1) review data regarding these standard criteria; (2) determine if there are sufficient data to revise these criteria; and (3) develop recommendations for reporting results of GVHD prevention trials. Data were provided for 8249 patients from 12 large transplant centers and 2 transplant registries. Standard GVHD grading criteria were found to distinguish different mortality risks and treatment response rates. Analysis of new data suggested that persistent nausea with histologic evidence of GVHD but no diarrhea be included as stage 1 gastrointestinal GVHD. Additional studies were recommended to evaluate heterogeneity of outcome within GVHD grades prior to making further revisions. To improve comparability between publications, reports of GVHD prevention trials should include an accurate description of the grading system used and should report actuarial rates of grades II-IV and III-IV GVHD corrected for graft failure and potential interventions for early relapse. Additional information should include indications for therapy of GVHD and response. Read More on PubMed

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