Research in the Parkinson's Disease and Synucleinopathies Research Lab is breaking new ground in the causes of Parkinson's disease and neurodegenerative disorders through these focus areas:
Clinical epidemiology timeline of alphasynucleinopathies
Figure 1 shows the pre-clinical epidemiology factors of alphasynucleinopathies of neurodegeneration and the mechanisms that influence the staging system for Lewy Bodies Disorders.
- Epidemiological studies. These studies give insights to how common different synucleinopathies are, which aids researchers and physicians in understanding the impact of neurodegenerative disorders. Epidemiological studies help determine if certain populations are at a higher risk of developing synucleinopathies and how the environmental factors and the genetic predisposition interplay in the population at risk. Dr. Savica's lab has access to the Rochester Epidemiology Project, enabling extensive retrospective case-control studies with the aim of finding early predictors of developing synucleinopathies. In addition, the lab is studying the frequency of Parkinson's disease, dementia with Lewy bodies and Parkinsonism-related disorders in the population and finding that these conditions have become more frequent in the last few decades.
- Biomarker identification. Biomarkers can be used to diagnose and prognosticate synucleinopathies and related disorders. Diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers are crucial for making medical decisions, and choosing treatment and care for the patient. In addition, biomarkers can be relevant in the early diagnosis and identification of individuals at risk.
- Risk factor identification. The lab has identified novel risk factors and early manifestations for the future development of Parkinson's disease such as anemia and constipation. The research team is also exploring the role of the different risk factors within sexes.
- Disease progression. We developed a model of progression of disease, taking advantage of the pre-motor symptoms and findings of Parkinson's disease and synucleinopathy.
Clinical timeline of alphasynucleinopathies
Figure 1 shows the pre-clinical timeline for alphasynucleinopathies that influence the unified staging system for Lewy Bodies Disorders.
- Visual symptoms and head trauma. The research team is exploring the role of visual symptoms in predicting the progression of Parkinson's disease. The role of head trauma in the long-term implications in neurodegenerative diseases is also being explored, using a different population.
Dr. Savica's lab collaborates with the Parkinson's Foundation to expand these findings nationwide.
The Parkinson's Disease and Synucleinopathies Research Lab team's studies have been published in major scientific journals and presented to major neurology and neuroscience conferences throughout the world.