Rochester, Minnesota Clinical Profile


Subclinical Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism Our studies have shown that subclinical thyroid abnormality is very common. In our patient population 10% have serum TSH levels between 5.1-and 10 mIU/L. In association with the Department of Health Sciences Research, Section of Clinical Epidemiology, and the Rochester Epidemiology Project, we are studying the epidemiology and outcome of mild thyroid failure. We are also looking at possibility of subclinical thyroid dysfunction being a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and cognitive dysfunction.

Graves' Ophthalmopathy and Extra Thyroidal Manifestations of Graves' Disease We have databases of surgically treated Graves' ophthalmopathy and also large group of patients with thyroid dermopathy. We are evaluating long term results of surgical and medical therapies in these conditions. We have a team approach, which include ophthalmologists, with special interest in thyroid eye disease and dermatologists with interest in thyroid dermopathy.

Thyroid Cancer As a member of thyroid neoplasia program we are working with nuclear medicine colleagues to keep databases for diagnostic radioiodine scanning and radioiodine therapy in thyroid cancer and use of recombinant TSH in these patients.


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Primary Appointment

  1. Consultant, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, Metabolism, Nutrition, Department of Internal Medicine

Academic Rank

  1. Professor of Medicine


  1. Research Fellowship - Endocrinology McGill University
  2. MS - Internal Medicine University of Minnesota, Twin Cities
  3. Fellow - Internal Medicine/Endocrinology and Metabolism Mayo Graduate School of Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
  4. Internship Atlantic City Hospital
  5. Internship Tehran University Hospitals

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