Hand-Held Echocardiography in Heart Failure by APPs


About this study

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the use of Hand-Held Echocardiography (HHE) as a diagnostic tool and extension of physical assessment by trained Advanced Practice Providers (APPs) in patients admitted with congestive heart failure (CHF) in comparison to that of an expert


Participation eligibility

Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. There is no guarantee that every individual who qualifies and wants to participate in a trial will be enrolled. Contact the study team to discuss study eligibility and potential participation.

Inclusion Criteria - CHF Patient Subjects:

  • Patients who are 18 years or older.
  • Admitted at Mayo Clinic Arizona Hospital by the inpatient general cardiology services (Card 1 and 2) from September 2021 to March 2022.
  • Primary diagnosis of new onset heart failure or heart failure exacerbation either from the emergency department or direct admit from the outpatient clinic.

Inclusion Criteria - APP Employee Subjects:

  •  In -patient General Cardiology APPs who have received training on HHE.

Exclusion Criteria - CHF Patient Subjects:

  • Intensive care unit and hospice patients.
  • Inability to provide consent.
  • End-stage renal failure requiring renal replacement therapy.
  • Admitted for dyspneic disorder due to suspected pulmonary pathology (COPD, pneumonia, pulmonary embolism).

Exclusion Criteria - APP Employee Subjects:

  • Medical residents, PA/NP students.
  • Cardiology Fellows.
  • Study personnel.

Participating Mayo Clinic locations

Study statuses change often. Please contact the study team for the most up-to-date information regarding possible participation.

Mayo Clinic Location Status Contact

Scottsdale/Phoenix, Ariz.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

Maria Cecilia Tagle-Cornell, APRN, ACNP-BC

Closed-enrolling by invitation

What is this? (?)
Not open to everyone who meets the eligibility criteria, but only those invited to participate by the study team.

Contact information:

April Howard B.S.N., R.N.

(800) 664-4542


More information


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