Evaluation of the Zone-MPC Control Algorithm Integrated into the iAPS in Pregnant Patients with Type 1 Diabetes


About this study

The purpose of this research is to test the safety and effectiveness of the interoperable Artificial Pancreas System Smartphone App (iAPS) in managing blood sugars in pregnant patients with type 1 diabetes.

Participation eligibility

Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. There is no guarantee that every individual who qualifies and wants to participate in a trial will be enrolled. Contact the study team to discuss study eligibility and potential participation.

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age ≥ 18 and ≤ 45 years at the time of screening.
  • Clinical diagnosis of type 1 diabetes.
  • Currently using an insulin pump at the time of screening.
  • HbA1c ≤ 9%, as performed by point of care or central laboratory testing. A1c will be assessed at the screening visit.
  • Pregnant 140/7 to 326/7 weeks gestation.
  • Singleton pregnancy without any other significant known complications, such as preeclampsia, premature rupture of membranes, 2nd/3rd trimester bleeding, fetal growth or fluid abnormalities.
  • No proven or suspected fetal malformations diagnosed in the current pregnancy.
  • Bolus for all meals and snacks that contain ≥ 5 grams of carbohydrate.
  • Willing to switch to Novolog or Humalog, or continue Novolog or Humalog for the duration of closed-loop use.
  • Willingness not to start any new non-insulin glucose-lowering agent during the course of the trial.
  • Willing to abide by the study protocol and use study-provided devices.
  • Have a care partner with the following responsibilities: knowing subject whereabouts and being promptly available for contact by study staff during the day and night, residing in the same dwelling as subject during the night, being agreeable to all device training during the supervised HCL session and additional training on hyper- and hypoglycemia treatment, and assisting with emergency care if needed, such as transportation to the hospital or emergency department.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Known unstable cardiac disease or untreated cardiac disease, as revealed by history or physical examination.
  • Concurrent use of Afrezza or any non-insulin glucose-lowering agent other than metformin (including GLP-1 agonists, Pramlintide, DPP-4 inhibitors, SGLT-2 inhibitors, sulfonylureas).
  • Hemophilia or any other bleeding disorder.
  • Prior history of Preterm Premature Rupture of Membranes (PPROM).
  • Significant hyperemesis interfering with carbohydrate intake.
  • Laboratory results:
    • A1C > 9%;
    • Abnormal liver or renal function (Transaminase > 2 times the upper limit of normal, creatinine > 1.5 mg/dL);
    • Liver and renal function testing drawn at screening visit or within three months prior to screening (for other purposes) will suffice for enrollment purposes,
  • Dermatological conditions that would preclude wearing a CGM sensor or infusion site.
  • Any condition that could interfere with participating in the trial, based on investigator judgment.
  • Participation in another pharmaceutical or device trial at the time of enrollment or during the study.
  • Having a direct supervisor at place of employment who is also directly involved in conducting the clinical trial (as a study investigator, coordinator, etc.); or having a first-degree relative who is directly involved in conducting the clinical trial.
  • History of severe hypoglycemia in the past 6 months.
  • History of DKA requiring hospitalization in the past 6 months.
  • Significant chronic kidney disease (eGFR < 60) or hemodialysis.
  • Significant liver disease.
  • History of adrenal insufficiency.
  • History of abnormal TSH consistent with hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism that is not appropriately treated.
  • History of high dose steroid use in the past 8 weeks.

Participating Mayo Clinic locations

Study statuses change often. Please contact the study team for the most up-to-date information regarding possible participation.

Mayo Clinic Location Status Contact

Rochester, Minn.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

Yogish Kudva, M.B.B.S.

Open for enrollment

Contact information:

Shelly McCrady-Spitzer M.S.

(507) 255-5916


More information


Publications are currently not available

Study Results Summary

Not yet available

Supplemental Study Information

Not yet available


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