PROACT Xa - A Trial to Determine if Participants With an On-X Aortic Valve Can be Maintained Safely on Apixaban


About this study

The purpose of this study is to determine if participants with an On-X Prosthetic Heart Valve / On-X aortic valve can be maintained safely and effectively on apixaban. Both the On-X aortic valve and apixaban have been approved for use by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) but they have not been approved to be used together.  Currently, warfarin is the only approved anticoagulation for patients with mechanical valves.

Participation eligibility

Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. There is no guarantee that every individual who qualifies and wants to participate in a trial will be enrolled. Contact the study team to discuss study eligibility and potential participation.

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female at least 18 years of age at the time of giving informed consent.
  • Participants currently receiving warfarin anticoagulation and who are able to receive warfarin with a target INR 2.0 to 3.0.
  • Participants are able to take low-dose aspirin at a dose of 75 -100 mg daily or have a documented contraindication to aspirin use.
  • Implantation of an On-X mechanical valve in the aortic position at least 3 months (90 days) ago.
  • Female participants of childbearing potential, including those who are less than 2 years post-menopausal, must agree to, and comply with using a highly effective method of birth control (e.g., barrier contraceptives [condom or diaphragm with a spermicidal gel], hormonal contraceptives [implants, injectables, combination oral contraceptives, transdermal patches, or contraceptive rings], intrauterine devices or sexual abstinence) while partaking in this study. In addition, all women of childbearing potential must agree to continue to use birth control throughout the study until last study visit.
  • Informed of the full nature and purpose of the study, including possible risks and side effects, given ample time and opportunity to read and understand this information, and sign and date the written informed consent before inclusion in the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Mechanical valve in any position other than aortic valve.
  • Any cardiac surgery in the three months (90 days) prior to enrollment.
  • Need to be on aspirin >100 mg daily or a P2Y12 inhibitor (clopidogrel, ticagrelor, prasugrel, or ticlopidine).
  • Known hypersensitivity or other contraindication to apixaban.
  • On dialysis or a creatinine clearance < 25 mL/min.
  • Ischemic stroke or intracranial hemorrhage within 3 months.
  • Active pathological bleeding at the time of screening for enrollment.
  • Active endocarditis at the time of screening for enrollment.
  • Pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breast feeding.
  • On concomitant combined strong P-gp and CYP3A4 inducers or inhibitors.
  • History of non-compliance with recommended monthly INR testing.

Participating Mayo Clinic locations

Study statuses change often. Please contact the study team for the most up-to-date information regarding possible participation.

Mayo Clinic Location Status

Rochester, Minn.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

Alberto Pochettino, M.D.

Closed for enrollment

More information


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