A Study to Evaluate Intravenous Iloprost in Subjects with Symptomatic Raynaud's Phenomenon Secondary to Systemic Sclerosis


About this study

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of iloprost on the frequency of and relief from symptomatic digital ischemic episodes in subjects with systemic sclerosis.

Participation eligibility

Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. There is no guarantee that every individual who qualifies and wants to participate in a trial will be enrolled. Contact the study team to discuss study eligibility and potential participation.

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female subjects must be ≥ 18 years of age. 
  • Subjects must have a diagnosis of Systemic Sclerosis as defined by the 2013 American College of Rheumatology criteria/EULAR criteria.
  • Subjects must have a diagnosis or history of Raynaud's Phenomenon, self-reported or reported by a physician, with at least a 2-phase color change in finger(s) of pallor, cyanosis, and/or reactive hyperemia in response to cold exposure or emotion.
  • Subjects must have a minimum of 10 symptomatic Raynaud's Phenomenon attacks, documented in the electronic patient-reported outcomes (ePRO) diary, occurring over at least 3 separate days of the 3- to 5-day eligibility period.
  • Subjects must complete a minimum of 80% of the daily ePRO diary entry during the baseline period.
  • Female subjects of childbearing potential and male subjects must agree to use contraception for the duration of the study. 
  • Subjects must be willing and able to comply with the study requirements and give informed consent for participation in the study.

Exclusion Criteria: 

  • Female subjects who are pregnant or breastfeeding.
  • Subjects with systolic blood pressure < 85 mmHg.
  • Subjects with an estimated glomerular filtration rate <15 mL/min/1.73 m^2 at screening as determined by the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation.
  • Subjects with an alanine aminotransferase and/or aspartate aminotransferase value > 3 × the upper limit of normal at screening.
  • Subjects who have a digital ulcer infection within 30 days of screening.
  • Subjects with a history of cervical or digital sympathectomy, or botulism toxin injections in their hands [for RP or digital ulcers] within 90 days of screening. Subjects should not have a planned botulism toxin or sympathectomy during their participation in the study.
  • Subjects with gangrene or digital amputation within 6 months of screening.
  • Subjects with current intractable diarrhea or vomiting.
  • Subjects with a risk of clinically significant bleeding events, including those with coagulation or platelet disorders at screening.
  • Subjects with a history of major trauma or hemorrhage within 30 days of screening.
  • Subjects with clinically significant chronic intermittent bleeding, such as active gastric antral vascular ectasia or active peptic ulcer disease, within 60 days of screening.
  • Subjects who have had any cerebrovascular events (e.g., transient ischemic attack or stroke) within 6 months of screening.
  • Subjects with a history of myocardial infarction or unstable angina within 6 months of screening. Subjects should not have a planned coronary procedure during their participation in the study.
  • Subjects with acute or chronic congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association Class III [moderate] or Class IV [severe]) at screening.
  • Subjects with a history of more than mild restrictive or congestive cardiomyopathy uncontrolled by medication or implanted device.
  • Subjects with a history of life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias.
  • Subjects with a history of hemodynamically significant aortic or mitral valve disease.
  • Subjects with a history of known pulmonary hypertension, pulmonary arterial hypertension, or pulmonary veno-occlusive disease.
  • Subjects with a history of significant restrictive lung disease, defined as forced vital capacity < 45% predicted and diffusing capacity of the lungs for carbon monoxide <40% predicted (uncorrected for hemoglobin).
  • Subjects with scleroderma renal crisis within 6 months of screening. 
  • Subjects with a concomitant life-threatening disease with a life expectancy < 12 months.
  • Subjects who have a clinically significant disorder that, in the opinion of the Investigator, could contraindicate the administration of study drug, affect compliance, interfere with study evaluations, or confound the interpretation of study results.
  • Subjects who have taken or are currently taking any parenteral, inhaled, or oral prostacyclin or prostacyclin receptor agonists (e.g., epoprostenol, treprostinil, iloprost, and selexipag) within 8 weeks of screening.
  • Subjects who have initiated or had a dose change of any of the following within 2 weeks of screening: oral, topical, or intravenous (IV) vasodilators (e.g., calcium channel blockers, phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE5) inhibitors [e.g., sildenafil, tadalafil, or vardenafil], nitrates, and
  • fluoxetine).
  • Subjects with any history of acetaminophen intolerability (e.g., allergic reaction to acetaminophen).
  • Subjects with any malignancy that requires treatment during the study period, that has required treatment within 1 year of screening (including excision of skin cancer) or that is currently not in remission.
  • Subjects who have used any investigational medication or device for any indication within 30 days or 5 half-lives (whichever is longer) of screening.

Participating Mayo Clinic locations

Study statuses change often. Please contact the study team for the most up-to-date information regarding possible participation.

Mayo Clinic Location Status

Rochester, Minn.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

Ashima Makol, M.B.B.S.

Closed for enrollment

More information


Publications are currently not available

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