A Study to Investigate Mechanisms, Predictors, and Prevention of Persistent Post-Traumatic Headache


About this study

The purpose of this study is to identify mechanisms and predictors for the persistence of post-traumatic headache and methods to treat post-traumatic headache and prevent its persistence.


Participation eligibility

Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. There is no guarantee that every individual who qualifies and wants to participate in a trial will be enrolled. Contact the study team to discuss study eligibility and potential participation.

Inclusion Criteria:

- Have a diagnosis of acute PTH attributed to mild traumatic injury to the head as
defined by the International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD-3).

- PTH onset 7-28 days prior to the time of enrollment

- Adults 18-70 years of age

- Willing to be randomized to either of the two clinical trial treatment arms

- Willing to maintain a headache diary

- Willing and able to return for follow-up visits

- 5 or more moderate or severe headache days during the 4-week run-in phase

- At least 80% compliant with diary keeping during the 4-week run-in phase (i.e.,
provides data on at least 80% of days)

Exclusion Criteria:

- Episodic tension-type headache, migraine, or other headaches with at least 4 headache
days/month on average over the 6 months prior to the mTBI resulting in PTH

- Previous history of chronic headache (i.e., at least 15 headache days/month) including
PPTH, chronic migraine, medication overuse headache, new daily persistent headache,
hemicrania continua, chronic tension-type headache

- Diminished decision-making capacity that in the investigator's opinion would interfere
with the person's ability to provide informed consent and complete study procedures

- Current or prior use of preventive medications for migraine or other primary headache

- Use of onabotulinumtoxinA in the head, neck or face region within 12 months of

- During the 6 months before screening, use of opioids or barbiturates on an average of
at least 4 days per month

- Subjects who underwent an intervention or used a device (e.g., nerve blocks,
transcranial magnetic stimulation, vagal nerve stimulation, or electrical trigeminal
nerve stimulation) for headache

- History of major psychiatric disorder such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder

- History or evidence of any unstable or clinically significant medical condition, that
in the opinion of the investigator, would pose a risk to subject safety or interfere
with the study evaluation, procedures, or completion

- History of positive neuroimaging findings that indicate a moderate or severe TBI

- Contraindications to magnetic resonance imaging, including, but not limited to (only
an exclusion for patients participating in the brain MRI portion of this research):

1. Metal implants

2. Aneurysm clips

3. Severe claustrophobia

4. Implanted electronic device

5. Insulin or infusion pump

6. Cochlear/otologic/ear implant

7. Non-removable prosthesis

8. Implanted shunts/catheters

9. Certain intrauterine devices

10. Tattooed makeup

11. Body piercings that cannot be removed

12. Metal fragments

13. Wire sutures or metal staples

- Factors that reduce MR image quality and interpretability (only an exclusion for
patients participating in the brain MRI portion of this research):

1. Dental braces or other non-removable devices (e.g., retainers)

2. Prior brain surgery

3. Known brain MRI abnormality that in the investigator's opinion will significantly
impact MRI data

- Sensory disorders that in the investigator's opinion might affect perception of
cutaneous thermal stimuli (e.g., peripheral neuropathy) (only an exclusion for
patients participating in the neurophysiology studies)

- Pregnancy

- Breastfeeding

- History of myocardial infarction, stroke, transient ischemic attack, unstable angina,
coronary artery bypass surgery, or other revascularization procedures within 12 months
prior to screening.

- Not willing to use a reliable form of contraception (for women of childbearing
potential) through 16 weeks after the last dose of erenumab. Acceptable methods of
birth control include not having intercourse, hormonal birth control methods,
intrauterine devices, surgical contraceptive methods, or two barrier methods (each
partner must use a barrier method) with spermicide. A reliable form of contraception
must be started prior to or at the time of starting the run-in phase. Not being of
childbearing potential is defined as any woman who is post-menopausal by history,
defined as:

1. At least 55 years of age with cessation of menses for 12 or more months; OR

2. Younger than 55 years of age but no spontaneous menses for at least 2 years; OR

3. Younger than 55 years of age and spontaneous menses within the past 1 year, but
currently amenorrheic (e.g., spontaneous or secondary to hysterectomy), AND with
postmenopausal gonadotropin levels (luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating
hormone levels at least 40 IU/L) or postmenopausal estradiol level (less than 5
ng/dL) or according to the definition of "postmenopausal range" for the
laboratory involved; OR

4. Underwent bilateral oophorectomy; OR

5. Underwent hysterectomy; OR

6. Underwent bilateral salpingectomy.

- Currently or within 90 days prior to screening: received treatment in another drug
study or an investigational device study

- Has previously received any CGRP ligand or receptor targeted monoclonal antibody

Note: Other protocol defined Inclusion/Exclusion criteria may apply.

Eligibility last updated 8/25/22. Questions regarding updates should be directed to the study team contact.

Participating Mayo Clinic locations

Study statuses change often. Please contact the study team for the most up-to-date information regarding possible participation.

Mayo Clinic Location Status Contact

Rochester, Minn.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

Dmitry Esterov, D.O.

Open for enrollment

Contact information:

Zachary Pohlkamp

(507) 422-0140


Scottsdale/Phoenix, Ariz.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

Todd Schwedt, M.D.

Open for enrollment

Contact information:

Dani Smith

(480) 342-6524


More information


Publications are currently not available

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