Anticipatory Thinking (AT) in Patient Care Scenarios - Spine Clinic


About this study

The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the process of Anticipatory Thinking (AT) model development in healthcare and generate measurable hypotheses for future research studies.

Participation eligibility

Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. If you need assistance understanding the eligibility criteria, please contact the study team.

Inclusion Criteria:

Spine Center Employees

  • Member of Mayo Clinic Spine Center staff (operations. supervisors. healthcare providers [physician, nurse, nurse practitioner]) from Mayo Clinic Spine Center.
  • Willing to shadow, interview and debrief.


  • Patients who visit the Mayo Clinic Spine Center.
  • Any patient event that is associated with one or more of the primary departments aligned with the Spine Center (Division of Pain Medicine, Musculoskeletal Radiology – Interventional Spine, Neurology, Neurosurgery, Orthopedic Surgery, and PM&R) will be included.  Additionally, any radiologic events will be included

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with less than 1 year of interaction will be excluded. 
  • If a patient has between 1 and 2 years of interaction, then a “terminal event” will be appended to the data. 
  • If a patient has more than 2 years of interactions, the data will be truncated at 2 years and a “ongoing event” will be appended to the data. 

Participating Mayo Clinic locations

Study statuses change often. Please contact us for help.

Mayo Clinic Location Status Contact

Rochester, Minn.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

David Holmes, Ph.D.

Closed for enrollment

Contact information:

David Holmes Ph.D.


More information


Publications are currently not available

Study Results Summary

Not yet available

Supplemental Study Information

Not yet available


Mayo Clinic Footer