Doxorubicin and Cyclophosphamide Followed By Trastuzumab, Paclitaxel, and Lapatinib in Treating Patients With Early-Stage HER2-Positive Breast Cancer That Has Been Removed By Surgery

Overview

About this study

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, and paclitaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Monoclonal antibodies, such as trastuzumab, can block tumor growth in different ways. Some block the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Others find tumor cells and help kill them or carry tumor-killing substances to them. Lapatinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Giving combination chemotherapy together with trastuzumab and lapatinib after surgery may kill any tumor cells that remain after surgery.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase II trial is studying the side effects and how well giving doxorubicin together with cyclophosphamide followed by trastuzumab, paclitaxel, and lapatinib works in treating patients with early-stage HER2-positive breast cancer that has been removed by surgery.

Participation eligibility

Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. There is no guarantee that every individual who qualifies and wants to participate in a trial will be enrolled. Contact the study team to discuss study eligibility and potential participation.

This study has been completed

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically confirmed diagnosis of early-stage breast cancer

    • HER2 positive by immunohistochemistry (IHC) (3+) or fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH)

      • Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) components should not be counted in the determination of degree of IHC staining or FISH amplification
  • No locally advanced tumors (i.e., T4) at diagnosis, including the following:

    • Tumors fixed to chest wall
    • Peau d'orange
    • Skin ulcerations or nodules
    • Clinical inflammatory changes (e.g., diffuse brawny cutaneous induration with an erysipeloid edge)
  • Has undergone mastectomy or lumpectomy with axillary node or sentinel node dissection within the past 84 days

    • Patients who have undergone a mastectomy must meet the following criteria:

      • No evidence of gross or microscopic tumor (i.e., invasive DCIS) at the surgical resection margins noted in final surgery or pathology reports

        • Patients with close margins are eligible
      • Radiation therapy is required for 4 or more positive lymph nodes and must be started after completion of chemotherapy
    • Patients who have undergone a lumpectomy with axillary node or sentinel node dissection must meet the following criteria:

      • No evidence of invasive cancer or DCIS at the surgical resection margins
      • No gross residual adenopathy
      • Planning to undergo radiation therapy to the breast with or without regional lymphatics after completion of chemotherapy
  • No active hepatic or biliary disease

    • Patients with liver metastases, stable chronic liver disease, Gilbert's syndrome, or asymptomatic gallstones are eligible
  • Hormone receptor status:

    • Estrogen receptor and progesterone receptor status known

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Male or female
  • Menopausal status not specified
  • ECOG performance status 0-2
  • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/mm³
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm³
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 10.0 g/dL
  • Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • AST and ALT ≤ 2.5 times ULN
  • Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2.5 times ULN
  • Creatinine normal OR creatinine clearance ≥ 60 mL/min
  • LVEF ≥ 50% by MUGA scan or echocardiogram
  • Able to complete questionnaire(s) by themselves or with assistance
  • Able and willing to provide blood and tissue samples
  • No known sensitivity to benzyl alcohol
  • No sensory neuropathy ≥ grade 2
  • No active cardiac disease, including any of the following:

    • Myocardial infarction within the past 6 months
    • Prior or concurrent congestive heart failure
    • Prior or concurrent arrhythmia or cardiac valvular disease requiring medications or that is clinically significant
    • Uncontrolled hypertension, defined as diastolic blood pressure (BP) >100 mm Hg or systolic BP > 200 mm Hg on 2 separate occasions ≥ 14 days apart
    • Clinically significant pericardial effusion
    • Prior or concurrent uncontrolled or symptomatic angina
    • Other cardiac condition that, in the opinion of the treating physician, would put the patient at hazardous risk
  • No history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition as lapatinib ditosylate
  • No uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, the following:

    • Ongoing or active infection
    • Psychiatric illness or social situations that would preclude study compliance
  • Able to swallow and retain oral medication

    • No history of gastrointestinal (GI) disease resulting in an inability to take oral medication, including any of the following:

      • Malabsorption syndrome
      • Requirement for IV alimentation
      • Prior surgical procedures affecting absorption
      • Uncontrolled inflammatory GI disease (e.g., Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis)
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for 6 months after completion of study treatment

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No prior chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, or biotherapy for breast cancer
  • No primary breast radiation therapy as part of breast-conserving treatment
  • No prior anthracycline or taxane therapy for any malignancy
  • No prior epidermal growth factor receptor-targeting therapies (e.g., gefitinib, cetuximab, erlotinib hydrochloride, rituximab, trastuzumab [Herceptin®], lapatinib ditosylate, panitumumab, or nimotuzumab)
  • At least 14 days since prior and no concurrent CYP3A4 inducers, including the following:

    • Rifamycin-class antibiotics (e.g., rifampin, rifabutin, or rifapentine)
    • Anticonvulsants (e.g., phenytoin, carbamazepine, or barbiturates [e.g., phenobarbital])
    • Antiretrovirals (e.g., efavirenz or nevirapine)
    • Glucocorticoids (e.g., oral cortisone, hydrocortisone, prednisone, methylprednisolone, or dexamethasone)

      • Daily oral dexamethasone ≤ 1.5 mg (or equivalent) allowed
    • Modafinil
    • Hypericum perforatum (St. John's wort)
  • At least 7 days since prior and no concurrent CYP3A4 inhibitors, including the following:

    • Antibiotics (e.g., clarithromycin, erythromycin, or troleandomycin)
    • Antifungals (e.g., itraconazole, ketoconazole, fluconazole [> 150 mg daily], or voriconazole)
    • Antiretrovirals and protease inhibitors (e.g., delaviridine, nelfinavir, amprenavir, ritonavir, indinavir, saquinavir, or lopinavir)
    • Calcium channel blockers (e.g., verapamil or diltiazem)
    • Antidepressants (e.g., nefazodone or fluvoxamine)
    • Gastrointestinal agents (e.g., cimetidine or aprepitant)
    • Grapefruit and grapefruit juice
  • At least 6 months since prior and no concurrent amiodarone
  • No herbal or alternative medicines or supplements ≥ 14 days before, during, and for 30 days after completion of study treatment
  • No concurrent hormonal agents (e.g., birth control pills, ovarian hormonal replacement therapy, or raloxifene)

    • Adjuvant hormonal agents (e.g., tamoxifen, aromatase inhibitors) allowed after completion of chemotherapy as part of treatment for breast cancer
  • No concurrent antiretroviral therapy for HIV-positive patients
  • No concurrent digitalis or beta-blockers for congestive heart failure
  • No concurrent arrhythmia or angina pectoris medication
  • No other concurrent investigational agents or anticancer therapies, including cytotoxic agents or immunotherapy

Participating Mayo Clinic locations

Study statuses change often. Please contact the study team for the most up-to-date information regarding possible participation.

Mayo Clinic Location Status Contact

Scottsdale/Phoenix, Ariz.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

Alvaro Moreno Aspitia, M.D.

Closed for enrollment

Contact information:

Cancer Center Clinical Trials Referral Office

855-776-0015

Jacksonville, Fla.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

Alvaro Moreno Aspitia, M.D.

Closed for enrollment

Contact information:

Cancer Center Clinical Trials Referral Office

855-776-0015

Rochester, Minn.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

Alvaro Moreno Aspitia, M.D.

Closed for enrollment

Contact information:

Cancer Center Clinical Trials Referral Office

855-776-0015

More information

Publications

Publications are currently not available

Study Results Summary

Not yet available

Supplemental Study Information

Not yet available

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CLS-20450323

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