Sleep Apnea After Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion


About this study

The purpose of this study is to determine if anterior cervical discectomy and fusion surgery result in a higher incidence of obstructive sleep apnea.

Participation eligibility

Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. There is no guarantee that every individual who qualifies and wants to participate in a trial will be enrolled. Contact the study team to discuss study eligibility and potential participation.

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female adult patients (age ≥ 18 years)
  • Undergoing anterior cervical discectomy and fusion or posterior cervical discectomy and fusion surgery at Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, Florida, from January 1st, 2021 until sample size is met.
  • Verbal informed consent obtained to perform home sleep study.

Exclusion Criteria:


Prior history of sleep apnea, heart failure, severe lung disease (COPD, asthma), neuromuscular disease, comorbid sleep disorder (parasomnias, severe insomnia), opioid use, alpha blockers use, nocturnal seizures, hypoventilation, or nocturnal cardiac arrhythmias.

  • High-risk patients for sleep apnea (preop Berlin questionnaire indicating high risk of sleep apnea).
  • History of ACDF or posterior cervical discectomy and fusion surgery
  • History of vocal cord paralysis or known head/neck pathology. (preoperative STOP BANG questionnaire score ≥ 5).
  • History of ACDF surgery, history of vocal cord paralysis or known head/neck pathology.

Participating Mayo Clinic locations

Study statuses change often. Please contact the study team for the most up-to-date information regarding possible participation.

Mayo Clinic Location Status Contact

Jacksonville, Fla.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

Pablo Castillo, M.D.

Closed-enrolling by invitation

What is this? (?)
Not open to everyone who meets the eligibility criteria, but only those invited to participate by the study team.

Contact information:

Pablo Castillo M.D.


More information


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