Describes the nature of a clinical study. Types include:
- Observational study — observes people and measures outcomes without affecting results.
- Interventional study (clinical trial) — studies new tests, treatments, drugs, surgical procedures or devices.
- Medical records research — uses historical information collected from medical records of large groups of people to study how diseases progress and which treatments and surgeries work best.
During the early phases (phases 1 and 2), researchers assess safety, side effects, optimal dosages and risks/benefits. In the later phase (phase 3), researchers study whether the treatment works better than the current standard therapy. They also compare the safety of the new treatment with that of current treatments. Phase 3 trials include large numbers of people to make sure that the result is valid. There are also less common very early (phase 0) and later (phase 4) phases. Phase 0 trials are small trials that help researchers decide if a new agent should be tested in a phase 1 trial. Phase 4 trials look at long-term safety and effectiveness, after a new treatment has been approved and is on the market.
- Jacksonville, Florida: 18-005888
- Rochester, Minnesota: 18-005888
- Scottsdale/Phoenix, Arizona: 18-005888
NCT ID: NCT03502785
Sponsor Protocol Number: UCa-001
About this study
The purpose of this Phase I/IIA, open-label, multi-center trial is to evaluate the safety, immunogenicity and preliminary clinical efficacy of INO-5401 + INO-9012 delivered by intramuscular (IM) injection followed by electroporation (EP), in combination with atezolizumab in participants with locally advanced unresectable or metastatic/recurrent Urothelial Carcinoma (UCa). The trial population is divided into two cohorts: Cohort A: Participants with locally advanced unresectable or metastatic/recurrent UCa, who have confirmed disease progression during or following treatment with anti-Programmed Death receptor-1/Programmed Death receptor Ligand-1 (anti-PD-1/PD-L1) therapy; Cohort B: Participants with locally advanced unresectable or metastatic/recurrent UCa, who are treatment naïve and ineligible for cisplatin-based chemotherapy. A safety run-in will be performed with up to six participants (safety analysis participants) from cohort A.