Selection of Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Donors Based on KIR and HLA Genotypes


About this study

The purpose of this study is to test whether adding certain genetic factors to the process of picking a stem cell donor can decrease the chances that the patient's leukemia will come back after bone marrow transplantation. Stem cell donors are "matched" based on genes called human leukocyte antigens (HLA). Currently, donors are selected largely on the basis of HLA gene typing alone. There is published data to show that donors with specific other genes called killer immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR) may protect AML patients from having their leukemia return after a transplant. In this study, the best HLA matched donors will be tested for the KIR genes. If there is more than 1 donor available, a recommendation will be provided to study doctors as to which donors have potentially favorable KIR genes. The study doctors may or may not choose to use this donor for transplant or not based on his/her own judgment. Transplant care will not change otherwise as a result of this study. This study is being done to demonstrate that AML patients who have donors with specific KIR and HLA genes will have a better outcome following transplant.

Participation eligibility

Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. There is no guarantee that every individual who qualifies and wants to participate in a trial will be enrolled. Contact the study team to discuss study eligibility and potential participation.

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Persons of all ages are eligible for this study.
  • Patient must have diagnosis of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) at MSK or a collaborating treating institution.
  • Patients with de novo AML or AML with preceding myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) are eligible.
  • Patient must be a potential candidate for an unrelated transplantation procedure at the time of enrollment even though patient may not be eligible for transplantation in the future due to relapse or presence of co-morbidity(ies).
  • An unrelated donor does not need to be identified at the time of enrollment. If an HLA-compatible unrelated donor is not identified for the patient, the patient will be removed from the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Recipients with an available sibling donor matched at HLA-A, HLA-C, and HLA-DRB1 (excluding identical twin siblings).
  • Patients for whom post-transplant treatment is planned are not excluded from enrollment.
  • Patients with prior allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation for AML.
    • Note: Patients who have undergone prior hematopoietic cell transplantation for a diagnosis other than AML are still eligible for this study.

Participating Mayo Clinic locations

Study statuses change often. Please contact the study team for the most up-to-date information regarding possible participation.

Mayo Clinic Location Status

Rochester, Minn.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

Mark Litzow, M.D.

Closed for enrollment

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