VSV-hIFNbeta-NIS in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma, Acute Myeloid Leukemia, or T-cell Lymphoma


  • Study type

  • Study phase

  • Study IDs

  • Describes the nature of a clinical study. Types include:

    • Observational study — observes people and measures outcomes without affecting results.
    • Interventional study (clinical trial) — studies new tests, treatments, drugs, surgical procedures or devices.
    • Medical records research — uses historical information collected from medical records of large groups of people to study how diseases progress and which treatments and surgeries work best.
  • During the early phases (phases 1 and 2), researchers assess safety, side effects, optimal dosages and risks/benefits. In the later phase (phase 3), researchers study whether the treatment works better than the current standard therapy. They also compare the safety of the new treatment with that of current treatments. Phase 3 trials include large numbers of people to make sure that the result is valid. There are also less common very early (phase 0) and later (phase 4) phases. Phase 0 trials are small trials that help researchers decide if a new agent should be tested in a phase 1 trial. Phase 4 trials look at long-term safety and effectiveness, after a new treatment has been approved and is on the market.

  • Site IRB
    • Rochester, Minnesota: 16-005474
    NCT ID: NCT03017820
    Sponsor Protocol Number: MC1684

About this study

This phase I trial studies the best dose and side effects of recombinant vesicular stomatitis virus carrying the human NIS and IFN beta genes (VSV-hIFNbeta-sodium iodide symporter [NIS]) in treating patients with multiple myeloma, acute myeloid leukemia, or T-cell lymphoma that has come back or does not respond to treatment. A virus, called VSV-hIFNbeta-NIS, which has been changed in a certain way, may be able to kill cancer cells without damaging normal cells.

Participation eligibility

Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. If you need assistance understanding the eligibility criteria, please contact the study team.

See eligibility criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Relapsed or refractory:
    • Multiple myeloma (MM) previously treated with an immunomodulatory drug (IMID), a proteosome inhibitor and an alkylating agent; OR
    • Oligoblastic acute myeloid leukemia (AML) (≤ 30% blasts), excluding acute promyelocytic leukemia (PML-RARA rearranged- AML-M3); either primary refractory or relapsed/refractory disease after at least two front line chemotherapy regimens (note: induction and consolidation chemotherapy is considered one line of therapy, additionally allogeneic stem cell transplant after induction/ consolidation is not considered an additional line of therapy); diagnosis based on 2008 World Health Organization (WHO) criteria; OR
    • Relapsed T-cell lymphoma (TCL) or the following types: peripheral T-cell lymphoma-NOS (PTCL-NOS); angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL), anaplastic large cell (ALCL), and cutaneous TCL (CTCL) of mycosis fungoides (MF); patients should have failed standard therapy and in the case of PTCL-NOS, AITL, and ALCL either have failed or be ineligible for high-dose therapy with autologous stem cell transplant
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤ 2 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Creatinine ≤ 2.0 mg/dL
  • Direct bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN
  • International normalized ratio (INR)/prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) ≤ 1.5 x ULN
  • If baseline liver disease, Child Pugh score not exceeding class A
  • Negative pregnancy test for persons of child-bearing potential
  • FOR MULTIPLE MYELOMA ONLY: Measurable disease of multiple myeloma as defined by at least ONE of the following:
    • Serum monoclonal protein ≥ 1.0 g/dL by protein electrophoresis
    • ≥ 200 mg of monoclonal protein in the urine on 24-hour electrophoresis
    • Serum immunoglobulin free light chain ≥ 10 mg/dL AND abnormal serum immunoglobulin kappa to lambda free light chain ratio
  • FOR MULTIPLE MYELOMA ONLY: Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1000/uL
  • FOR MULTIPLE MYELOMA ONLY: Platelet (PLT) ≥ 100,000/uL
  • FOR MULTIPLE MYELOMA ONLY: Hemoglobin ≥ 8.5 g/dl
  • FOR AML ONLY: No ANC restriction
  • FOR AML ONLY: PLT ≥ 10,000/uL (transfusion to get platelets ≥ 10,000 is allowed)
  • FOR AML ONLY: Hemoglobin ≥ 7.5 g/dl
  • FOR AML ONLY: Absence of uncompensated disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC- as diagnosed by standard International Society on Thrombosis and Hemostasis [ISTH] criteria)
  • FOR TCL ONLY: ANC ≥ 1,000/uL
  • FOR TCL ONLY: PLT ≥ 100,000/uL
  • FOR TCL ONLY: Hemoglobin ≥ 8.5 g/dl
  • FOR TCL ONLY: Measurable disease by CT or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): must have at least one lesion that has a single diameter of > 2 cm or tumor cells in the blood > 5 x10^9/L; NOTE: skin lesions can be used if the area is > 2 cm in at least one diameter and photographed with a ruler and the images are available in the medical record
  • Absence of active central nervous system (CNS) involvement; NOTE: pre-enrollment lumbar puncture not mandatory
  • Ability to provide written informed consent
  • Willingness to return to Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota for follow-up
  • Life expectancy ≥ 12 weeks
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0, 1, or 2
  • Willing to provide mandatory biological specimens for research purposes

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Availability of and patient acceptance of curative therapy
  • Uncontrolled infection
  • Active tuberculosis or hepatitis, or history of hepatitis B or C, or chronic hepatitis
  • Any of the following prior therapies:
    • Chemotherapy (IMIDs, alkylating agents, proteosome inhibitors) ≤ 2 weeks prior to registration
    • Immunotherapy (monoclonal antibodies) ≤ 4 weeks prior to registration
    • Experimental agent in case of AML or TCL within 4 half-lives of the last dose of the agent
  • New York Heart Association classification III or IV, known symptomatic coronary artery disease, or symptoms of coronary artery disease on systems review, or known cardiac arrhythmias (atrial fibrillation or supraventricular tachycardia [SVT])
  • Active CNS disorder or seizure disorder or known CNS disease or neurologic symptomatology; in case of AML active CNS involvement as detected by lumbar puncture or neuro-imaging (only to be done if clinically indicated)
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive test result or other immunodeficiency or immunosuppression
  • Other concurrent chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiotherapy, or any ancillary therapy considered investigational (used for a non-Food and Drug Administration [FDA] approved indication and in the context of a research investigation);
    • NOTE: in AML, the concurrent use of hydroxyurea to help control proliferative counts is allowed throughout the treatment protocol;
    • NOTE: in TCL, patients may use topical emollients or corticosteroids, acetic acid soaks, etc. to control pruritis and prevent infection; no topical chemotherapy is allowed (no topical nitrogen mustard)
  • Any of the following because this study involves an investigational agent whose genotoxic, mutagenic and teratogenic effects on the developing fetus and newborn are unknown:
    • Pregnant women or women of reproductive ability who are unwilling to use effective contraception
    • Nursing women
    • Men who are unwilling to use a condom (even if they have undergone a prior vasectomy) while having intercourse with any woman, while taking the drug and for 4 weeks after stopping treatment
  • Acute promyelocytic leukemia (AML - M3)
  • Prior allogeneic bone marrow transplant
  • Multiple myeloma only: ≥ 15% plasmas cells or plasmacytoma > 5 cm in largest diameter
  • TCL only: Any mass ≥ 5 cm
  • AML only: current disseminated intravascular coagulopathy (DIC)

Participating Mayo Clinic locations

Study statuses change often. Please contact us for help.

Mayo Clinic Location Status Contact

Rochester, Minn.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

Martha Lacy, M.D.

Open for enrollment

Contact information:

Cancer Center Clinical Trials Referral Office



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