A Study to See if Brief Education Specific to Smoking and Chronic Pain Will Encourage Participation in Smoking Abstinence Therapy


About this study

The purpose of this study is to determine if a brief educational intervention about the connections between smoking and chronic pain will promote the participation in a smoking abstinence therapy program among smokers seeking treatment for chronic pain.

Participation eligibility

Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. There is no guarantee that every individual who qualifies and wants to participate in a trial will be enrolled. Contact the study team to discuss study eligibility and potential participation.

Inclusion Criteria

  • Age greater than 18 years.
  • Chronic pain greater than 3 months duration
  • Smoke at least 10 cigarettes daily                                            


Exclusion Criteria

  • Cancer-related pain
  • History of schizophrenia or other chronic psychotic disorder
  • History of a dementing illness
  • Use of other forms of tobacco including pipe, cigar, or chewing.
  • Current participation in a smoking abstinence program

Participating Mayo Clinic locations

Study statuses change often. Please contact the study team for the most up-to-date information regarding possible participation.

Mayo Clinic Location Status

Rochester, Minn.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

William Hooten, M.D.

Closed for enrollment

More information


  • Current evidence suggests it may be difficult for patients with chronic pain to quit smoking and, based on previous formative work, a 7-session individual and group-based cognitive behavioral (CB) intervention was developed. The primary aim of this randomized controlled pilot trial was to test the hypothesis that abstinence at month 6 would be greater among patients with chronic pain who received the CB intervention compared to a control condition. Upon admission to a 3-week interdisciplinary pain treatment (IPT) program, patients were randomized to receive the CB intervention (n=30) or the control condition (n=30). The 7-day point prevalence of self-reported smoking status was assessed at week 3 (upon completion of the 3-week IPT program) and at month 6 in an intent-to-treat analysis. At week 3, 30% (n=9) of patients in the CB condition were abstinent from smoking compared to 10% (n=3) in the control group (P=.104). At month 6, 20% (n=6) of patients who received the CB intervention were abstinent compared to none in the control group (P=.024). At week 3, a significant group by time interaction effect was found where the CB patients experienced greater improvements in self-efficacy from baseline compared to the control group (P=.002). A greater proportion of patients randomized to the CB group completed the IPT program (P=.052). The findings of this pilot trial suggest that integration of a CB-based smoking abstinence intervention into ongoing pain therapy may be an effective treatment for smokers with chronic pain. Read More on PubMed

Study Results Summary

Not yet available

Supplemental Study Information

Not yet available


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