A Study of Subcutaneous Abatacept to Treat Diffuse Cutaneous Systemic Sclerosis


About this study

The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and effectiveness of subcutaneous abatacept in patients with diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis.

Participation eligibility

Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. There is no guarantee that every individual who qualifies and wants to participate in a trial will be enrolled. Contact the study team to discuss study eligibility and potential participation.

Inclusion Criteria

  • Diagnosis of Systemic Sclerosis (SSc), as defined using the 2013 American College of Rheumatology/ European Union League Against Rheumatism classification of SSc
  • Diffuse Systemic Sclerosis as defined by LeRoy and Medsger
  • Disease duration of ≤ 36 months (defined as time from the first non−Raynaud phenomenon manifestation)
  • For disease duration of ≤ 18 months, ≥ 10 and ≤ 35 mRSS units at the screening visit
  • For disease duration of >18-36 months, ≥ 15 and ≤ 45 mRSS units at the screening visit and one of the following
    • Increase ≥ 3 in mRSS units compared with the last visit within previous 1-6 months
    • Involvement of one new body area with ≥ 2 mRSS units compared with the last visit within the previous 1-6 months
    • Involvement of two new body areas with ≥ 1 mRSS units compared with the last visit within the previous 1-6 months
    • Presence of 1 or more Tendon Friction Rub
  • Age ≥ 18 years at the screening visit
  • If female of childbearing potential, the patient must have a negative pregnancy test at screening and baseline visits
  • Oral corticosteroids (≤ 10 mg/day of prednisone or equivalent) and NSAIDs are permitted if the patient is on a stable dose regimen for
    • 2 weeks prior to and including the baseline visit
  • ACE inhibitors, calcium-channel blockers, proton-pump inhibitors, and/or oral vasodilators are permitted if the patient is on a stable dose for ≥ 2 weeks prior to and including the baseline visit

Exclusion Criteria

  • Rheumatic disease other than diffuse systemic sclerosis
    • It is acceptable to include patients with fibromyalgia and scleroderma-associated myopathy
  • Limited cutaneous systemic sclerosis or sine scleroderma at the screening visit
  • Major surgery (including joint surgery) within 8 weeks prior to screening visit
  • Infected ulcer prior to randomization
  • Treatment with any investigational agent within ≤ 4 weeks (or 5 half-lives of the investigational drug, whichever is longer) of the baseline visit
  • Previous treatment with cell-depleting therapies, including investigational agents, including but not limited to, CAMPATH, anti-CD4, anti-CD5, anti-CD3, anti-CD19, and ABA
  • Anti-CD20, and cyclophosphamide within 12 months prior to baseline visit
  • Use of Intravenous Immunoglobulin (IVIG) within 12 weeks prior to baseline visit
  • Previous treatment with chlorambucil, bone marrow transplantation, or total lymphoid irradiation
  • Immunization with a live/attenuated vaccine within ≤ 4 weeks prior to the baseline visit
  • Treatment with methotrexate, hydroxychloroquine, cyclosporine A, azathioprine, mycophenolate mofetil rapamycin, colchicine, or D-penicillamine, within ≤ 4 weeks prior to the baseline visit
  • Treatment prior to the baseline visit with
    • Etanercept within ≤ 2 weeks
    • Infliximab, certolizumab, golimumab, ABA or adalimumab within ≤ 8 weeks
    • Anakinra within ≤ 1 week
  • Pulmonary disease with FVC ≤ 50% of predicted, or DLCO (uncorrected for hemoglobin ) ≤ 40% of predicted at the screening visit
  • Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) as determined by right heart catheterization or on PAH approved medications for PAH
    • It is acceptable to use PDFE-5 inhibitors for Raynaud's and digital ulcers
  • Subjects at risk for tuberculosis (TB)
    • Specifically with a history of active TB within the last 3 years, even if it was treated
    • A history of active TB greater than 3 years ago, unless there is documentation that the prior anti-TB treatment was appropriate in duration and type
    • Current clinical, radiographic, or laboratory evidence of active TB
    • Latent TB that was not successfully treated (≥ 4 weeks)
  • Positive for hepatitis B surface antigen prior to the baseline visit
  • Positive for hepatitis C antigen, if the presence of hepatitis C virus was also shown with polymerase chain reaction or recombinant immunoblot assay prior to baseline visit
  • Any of the following at the screening visit
    • Hemoglobin <8.5 g/dL
    • WBC < 3,000/mm3 (<3 x 109/L)
    • Platelets < 100,000/mm3 (<3 x 109/L)
    • Serum creatinine > 2 x ULN
    • Serum ALT or AST > 2 x ULN
  • Severe skin thickening (mRSS 3) on the inner aspects of thighs, upper arms, or abdomen
  • Patients with a history of anaphylaxis to abatacept

Participating Mayo Clinic locations

Study statuses change often. Please contact the study team for the most up-to-date information regarding possible participation.

Mayo Clinic Location Status

Rochester, Minn.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

Ashima Makol, M.B.B.S.

Closed for enrollment

More information


Publications are currently not available

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