Sapanisertib in Treating Patients With Relapsed and/or Refractory Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia


About this study

This phase II trial studies how well sapanisertib works in treating patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia that has returned after a period of improvement (relapsed) or has not responded to previous treatment (refractory). Sapanisertib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.

Participation eligibility

Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. There is no guarantee that every individual who qualifies and wants to participate in a trial will be enrolled. Contact the study team to discuss study eligibility and potential participation.

Inclusion Criteria:

  • World Health Organization (WHO)-defined acute lymphoblastic leukemia and either:
    • Relapsed after achieving remission
    • Refractory to front line therapy
    • Newly diagnosed and ineligible for intensive chemotherapy induction Note: patients with T lineage and B lineage ALL are eligible for this trial; likewise, patients with Philadelphia chromosome positive (Ph+) (as long as they are not candidate for other therapies for Ph+) and Ph- ALL are eligible
  • Bone marrow blasts of at least 10%
  • At least 4 weeks away from any previous antineoplastic or investigational agent; patients may receive hydroxyurea or glucocorticoids for suppression of leukocytosis, but these must be stopped at least 24 hours prior to initiation of therapy
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2
  • Life expectancy of > 2 months
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 × institutional upper limit of normal
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 × institutional upper limit of normal
  • Creatinine =< 1.5 × institutional upper limit of normal
  • Fasting blood glucose (FBG) < 130 mg/dL
  • HbA1C < 7.0%
  • Relapse after SCT is allowed but no active graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) as per treating physician; also must not exceed the number of prior induction regimens listed above; SCT does not count as line of therapy
  • Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use 1 highly effective method of contraception and 1 additional effective (barrier) method, at the same time, from the time of signing the informed consent through 90 days (or longer, as mandated by local labeling [e.g. United States product insert (USPI), Summary of Product Characteristics (SmPC), etc]) after the last does of study drug; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately; men treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use highly effective barrier contraception prior to the study, for the duration of study participation, and 4 months after completion of MLN0128 (TAK-228) administration
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
  • No prior therapy with mTOR inhibitors except for rapalog treatment as part of graft-versus-host (GVH) prophylaxis or treatment
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected patients (if HIV positive)
    • HIV infected individuals are eligible provided they meet all the protocol eligibility criteria in addition to the following:
      • No history of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) defining illness other than an historic CD4+ T-cell nadir < 200/mm^3
      • Prior to leukemia diagnosis, the HIV disease was uncomplicated as evidenced by:
        • the CD4+ T-cell counts were generally in excess of 300/mm^3
        • the HIV viral loads were less than 200 copies/ml if on anti-HIV therapy
        • If the HIV is newly diagnosed or there is no history of using anti-HIV therapy, there are no AIDS defining conditions or other HIV-related symptoms
        • Zidovudine is not allowed as part of the anti-HIV therapy
  • Patients with diabetes controlled by diet or medication are allowed on trial; controlled diabetes is defined as FBG < 130 mg/kL in the context of this study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy =< 4 weeks prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier; treatment with glucocorticoids, hydroxyurea, and tyrosine kinase inhibitors is allowed up to 24 hour prior to initiation of therapy
  • Patients with white blood cell (WBC) > 30,000 are not eligible to start therapy; however, it is permissible to use glucocorticoids and/or hydroxyurea to diminish peripheral WBC to less than 30,000 provided these agents are stopped at least 24 hours prior to the first dose of MLN0128 (TAK-228)
  • Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents
  • Patients with known other active cancers; skin cancers (basal or squamous) are exempted
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to MLN0128 (TAK-228)
  • There are no prohibitions of specific medications on the basis of anticipated drug-drug interactions
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, hypertension, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements; no ischemic myocardial or cerebrovascular event, placement of pacemaker, or pulmonary embolism within six months of receiving first dose of MLN0128 (TAK-228)
  • Any patient receiving chronic corticosteroid administration prior to study enrollment is ineligible
  • Baseline prolongation of the rate-corrected QT interval (QTc) > 480 milliseconds or history of congenital long QT syndrome or Torsades de pointes
  • Concomitant administration of any proton pump inhibitor (PPI) is not permitted during the study; patients receiving PPI therapy before enrollment must stop using the PPI for 7 days before their first dose of study drugs

Participating Mayo Clinic locations

Study statuses change often. Please contact the study team for the most up-to-date information regarding possible participation.

Mayo Clinic Location Status Contact

Rochester, Minn.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

Aref Al-Kali, M.D.

Closed for enrollment

Contact information:

Cancer Center Clinical Trials Referral Office

(855) 776-0015

More information


Publications are currently not available

Mayo Clinic Footer