FLT PET/CT in Measuring Response in Patients With Previously Untreated Acute Myeloid Leukemia


About this study

This phase II trial studies fluorothymidine F 18 (FLT) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) in measuring response in patients with previously untreated acute myeloid leukemia. FLT is a radioactive substance that may "light up" where cancer is in the body. FLT is injected into the blood and builds up in cells that are dividing, including cancer cells. Diagnostic procedures, such as PET/CT, may help measure a patient's response to earlier treatment.

Participation eligibility

Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. There is no guarantee that every individual who qualifies and wants to participate in a trial will be enrolled. Contact the study team to discuss study eligibility and potential participation.

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have previously untreated AML and be candidates for intensive induction chemotherapy; patients are allowed to have had prior hydroxyurea
  • Patients must not have acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) and must not have evidence of t(15;17)(q22;q21)
  • Patients must have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-3 (restricted to ECOG performance status [PS] 0-2 if age > 70 years)
  • Patients must have left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) > 45% or within institutional normal limits
  • Patients must be able to lie still for a 1.5 hour PET scan
  • Patient must NOT have a history of allergic reaction attributable to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to 18F-fluorothymidine
  • Patient must NOT weigh more than the maximum weight limit for the PET/CT table for the scanner(s) to be used at each center
  • The patient is participating in the trial at an institution which has agreed to perform the imaging research studies, completed the ECOG-American College of Radiology Imaging Network (ACRIN) defined scanner qualification procedures and received ECOG-ACRIN approval as outlined
  • Women must not be pregnant or breast-feeding; all females of childbearing potential must have a blood test or urine study within 2 weeks prior to registration to rule out pregnancy; a female of childbearing potential is any woman, regardless of sexual orientation or whether they have undergone tubal ligation, who meets the following criteria: 1) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 2) has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months)

Participating Mayo Clinic locations

Study statuses change often. Please contact the study team for the most up-to-date information regarding possible participation.

Mayo Clinic Location Status Contact

Rochester, Minn.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

Kebede Begna, M.D.

Closed for enrollment

Contact information:

Cancer Center Clinical Trials Referral Office

(855) 776-0015

More information


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