A Study Comparing Vaccinia Virus Based Immune System Therapy Plus Sorafenib versus Sorafenib Alone to Treat Liver Cell Cancer

Overview

About this study

The purpose of this study is to determine whether treatment with vaccinia virus based immune system therapy (Pexa-Vec) followed by sorafenib increases survival compared to treatment with sorafenib alone in patients with advanced liver cell cancer, who have not received prior systemic therapy.

Participation eligibility

Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. There is no guarantee that every individual who qualifies and wants to participate in a trial will be enrolled. Contact the study team to discuss study eligibility and potential participation.

Inclusion Criteria

  • Has a histological/cytological diagnosis of primary HCC
  • Advanced stage HCC (Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer [BCLC] Stage C or B per American Association for the Study of Liver Disease [AASLD] guidelines)
  • At least one measurable viable tumor in the liver, ≥1 cm longest diameter (LD), using a dynamic imaging technique (arterial phase of triphasic computerized tomography [CT] scan, or dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging [MRI]), and injectable under imaging-guidance (CT and/or ultrasound)
  • Child-Pugh Class A
  • Performance status 0 or 1 on the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) scale
  • Adequate hematological, hepatic, and renal function
  • Additional inclusion criteria exist

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Histological diagnosis of cholangiocarcinoma, hepatocholangiocarcinoma, fibrolamellar carcinoma and hepatoblastoma
  • Symptomatic cardiovascular disease, including but not limited to significant coronary artery disease (e.g., requiring angioplasty or stenting) or congestive heart failure within the preceding 12 months
  • Current or past history of cardiovascular disease (e.g.. past history of myocardial infarction, ischemic cardiomyopathy) unless cardiology consultation and clearance has been obtained for study participation
  • History of moderate or severe ascites, bleeding esophageal varices, hepatic encephalopathy or pleural effusions related to liver insufficiency within 6 months of screening
  • Bulky disease patients with tumors encompassing > 50% of the liver volume and/or inferior vena cava invasion
  • Known significant immunodeficiency due to underlying illness (e.g., HIV/AIDS) and/or immune-suppressive medication including high-dose corticosteroids
  • Ongoing severe inflammatory skin condition (as determined by the Investigator) requiring medical treatment
  • History of severe eczema (as determined by the Investigator) requiring medical treatment
  • Additional exclusion criteria exist

Participating Mayo Clinic locations

Study statuses change often. Please contact the study team for the most up-to-date information regarding possible participation.

Mayo Clinic Location Status Contact

Scottsdale/Phoenix, Ariz.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

Mitesh Borad, M.D.

Closed for enrollment

Contact information:

Cancer Center Clinical Trials Referral Office

855-776-0015

More information

Publications

Publications are currently not available
.

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