A Study of the Effect of Ezogabine on Motor Neuron Excitability in Patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

Overview

About this study

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of retigabine dosages on motor neuron activity in people with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS).

Participation eligibility

Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. There is no guarantee that every individual who qualifies and wants to participate in a trial will be enrolled. Contact the study team to discuss study eligibility and potential participation.

 ALS Subject Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female, aged 18 to 80.
  • Sporadic or familial ALS diagnosed as possible, laboratory-supported probable, probable, or definite as defined by revised El Escorial criteria.
  • Slow vital capacity (SVC) measure ≥ 50% of predicted for gender, height and age at the Screening Visit,OR in the opinion of the SI, ability to perform and safely complete all study visit procedures.
  • Subjects must not have taken riluzole for at least 30 days, or be on a stable dose of riluzole for at least 30 days prior to the Screening Visit and continue on the stable dose throughout the course of the study (riluzole-naïve subjects are permitted in the study).
  • Subjects must be able to swallow oral medication at the Screening Visit and expected to be able to swallow tablets throughout the course of the study.
  • Capable of providing informed consent and following trial procedures.
  • Geographically accessible to the site.
  • Women must not be able to become pregnant (e.g., post menopausal, surgically sterile, or using adequate birth control methods) for the duration of the study and three months after study completion. Adequate contraception includes: abstinence, hormonal contraception (oral contraception, implanted contraception, injected contraception or other hormonal contraception, for example patch or contraceptive ring), intrauterine device (IUD) in place for ≥ 3 months, barrier method in conjunction with spermicide, or another adequate method.
  • Use of medications known to affect the neurophysiology measures in the study must be scheduled, not as needed (pro re nata, PRN). A subject must have been on a fixed dose for 30 days prior to the Screening Visit, and there must be no reason to believe that a subsequent change would be necessary during the course of the study. These medications include: benzodiazepines, muscle relaxants, tricyclic antidepressants, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, non-selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, hypnotics (including anti-histamines) and anti-cholinergics.
  • TMS shows sufficient MEP amplitude and/or NCS studies show sufficient CMAP amplitude.

ALS Subject Exclusion Criteria:

  • Medical condition, laboratory finding, or physical exam finding that precludes participation.
  • Serum AST and ALT value >2.0 times the upper normal limit
  • Clinically significant conduction abnormalities on electrocardiogram or a known history of cardiac arrhythmia, myocardial infarction within the past 24 months, or congestive heart failure.
  • Estimated glomerular filtration rate < 50 mL/min at Screening Visit.
  • Concomitant digoxin treatment.
  • Known allergic reactions to components of the study product(s).
  • Exposure to any other agent currently under investigation for the treatment of patients with ALS (off-label use or investigational) within 30 days of the Screening Visit including ezogabine, exposure to cell replacement therapy within six months of the Screening Visit or any prior intraparenchymal cell replacement injection within the spinal cord or brain at anytime in the past.
  • Presence of tracheostomy at the Screening Visit.
  • History of clinically significant urinary retention, , or current use of medications to treat urinary retention.
  • History of drug and or alcohol abuse within 12 months of the Screening Visit.
  • The presence of unstable psychiatric disease, cognitive impairment, or dementia that would impair ability of the subject to provide informed consent, according to SI judgment.
  • Clinically significant history of unstable or severe cardiac, oncologic, hepatic, or renal disease, or other uncontrolled medical condition.
  • Presence of feeding tube.
  • Current use of antipsychotic, antiepileptic (except benzodiazepines, gabapentin, pregabalin) or class 1 (e.g. flecainide) or class 3 (e.g. amiodarone) antiarrhythmic medications. Quinidine or a quinidine-containing drug is allowed if the quinidine dose is not greater than 20 mg/day (for a full list of medications, please reference the study MOP).
  • Inability to perform either TMS or NCS studies due to insufficient MEP or CMAP amplitude.
  • Pregnant women or women currently breastfeeding.
  • Contraindication to TMS studies including ferromagnetic metal in the head or neck (potentially found in aneurysm clips, implanted medication pumps, implanted brain stimulators, pacemakers, cochlear implants), or history of epilepsy. Dental fillings are permitted.
  • Anything else that, in the opinion of the SI, would place the subject at increased risk or preclude the subject's full compliance with or completion of the study.

Healthy Control Subject Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female, aged 18 to 80.
  • Absence of a known neurological disorder.
  • Capable of providing informed consent and following trial procedures.
  • Geographically accessible to the site.
  • Age (+/- 10 years and site-matched to a ALS participant within 6 months of their Baseline visit).[Matched controls only]
  • TMS shows sufficient MEP amplitude and/or NCS studies show sufficient CMAP amplitude (amplitudes defined in MOP).
  • Use of medications known to affect the neurophysiology measures in the study must be scheduled, not as needed (pro re nata, PRN). A subject must have been on a fixed dose for 30 days prior to the Screening Visit, and there must be no reason to believe that a subsequent change would be necessary during the course of the study. These medications include: benzodiazepines, muscle relaxants, tricyclic antidepressants, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, non-selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, hypnotics (including anti-histamines) and anti-cholinergics.

Healthy Control Subject Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of ALS or other neurodegenerative disease.
  • Presence of positive family history of ALS.
  • Current use of an antipsychotic or antiarrhythmic medication
  • Definitely or possibly pregnant.
  • Contraindication to TMS studies including ferromagnetic metal in the head or neck ( potentially found in aneurysm clips, implanted medication pumps, implanted brain stimulators, pacemakers, cochlear implants), or history of epilepsy. Dental fillings are permitted.
  • Anything that, in the opinion of the SI, would place the subject at increased risk or preclude the subject's full compliance with or completion of the study.

 

Participating Mayo Clinic locations

Study statuses change often. Please contact the study team for the most up-to-date information regarding possible participation.

Mayo Clinic Location Status

Jacksonville, Fla.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

Bjorn Oskarsson, M.D.

Closed for enrollment

More information

Publications

Publications are currently not available

Study Results Summary

Not yet available

Supplemental Study Information

Not yet available

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CLS-20178002

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