A Study of Using Caspofungin Acetate or Fluconazole in Preventing Invasive Fungal Infections in Patients with Acute Myeloid Leukemia Who Are Undergoing Chemotherapy


NCT ID: NCT01307579
Sponsor Protocol Number: ACCL0933

About this study

This randomized phase III trial studies caspofungin acetate to see how it works compared to fluconazole in preventing invasive fungal infections in patients with acute myeloid leukemia who are undergoing chemotherapy. Caspofungin acetate or fluconazole may help prevent fungal infections caused by chemotherapy. It is not yet known whether fluconazole is more effective than caspofungin acetate in preventing fungal infections in patients with acute myeloid leukemia who are undergoing chemotherapy.

Participation eligibility

Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. There is no guarantee that every individual who qualifies and wants to participate in a trial will be enrolled. Contact the study team to discuss study eligibility and potential participation.

Inclusion Criteria

  • Patients must have one of the following diagnoses and/or treatment plans
    • Newly diagnosed de novo AML
    • First or subsequent relapse of AML
    • Secondary AML
    • Treatment with institutional standard AML therapy in those without AML (for example, myelodysplastic syndrome, bone marrow blasts > 5%, or biphenotypia)
    • Note: Patients with a history of prolonged antifungal therapy (example, relapsed AML) are eligible
  • Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) ≥ 70 mL/min/1.73 m^2 OR a serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows
    • ≤ 0.4 mg/dL (age 1 month to < 6 months)
    • ≤ 0.5 mg/dL (age 6 months to < 1 year)
    • ≤ 0.6 mg/dL (age 1 to < 2 years)
    • ≤ 0.8 mg/dL (age 2 to < 6 years)
    • ≤ 1 mg/dL (age 6 to < 10 years)
    • ≤ 1.2 mg/dL (age 10 to < 13 years)
    • ≤ 1.4 mg/dL (females age ≥ 13 years)
    • ≤ 1.5 mg/dL (males age 13 to < 16 years)
    • ≤ 1.7 mg/dL (males age ≥ 16 years)
  • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age
  • Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) (aspartate aminotransferase [AST]) or serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) < 2.5 x ULN for age
  • All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria

  • Patients with the following diagnoses are not eligible
    • Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL)
    • Down syndrome
    • Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML)
  • Patients with a documented history of invasive fungal infection (IFI) within the previous 30 days are not eligible
  • Patients with a history of echinocandin or fluconazole hypersensitivity are not eligible
  • Patients receiving treatment for an IFI are not eligible
  • Female patients of childbearing age must have a negative pregnancy test
  • Patients must agree to use an effective birth control method
  • Lactating patients must agree not to nurse a child while on this trial

More information


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