Combination Chemotherapy, Radiation Therapy, and/or Surgery in Treating Patients With High-Risk Kidney Tumors


  • Study type

  • Study phase

  • Study IDs

  • Describes the nature of a clinical study. Types include:

    • Observational study — observes people and measures outcomes without affecting results.
    • Interventional study (clinical trial) — studies new tests, treatments, drugs, surgical procedures or devices.
    • Medical records research — uses historical information collected from medical records of large groups of people to study how diseases progress and which treatments and surgeries work best.
  • During the early phases (phases 1 and 2), researchers assess safety, side effects, optimal dosages and risks/benefits. In the later phase (phase 3), researchers study whether the treatment works better than the current standard therapy. They also compare the safety of the new treatment with that of current treatments. Phase 3 trials include large numbers of people to make sure that the result is valid. There are also less common very early (phase 0) and later (phase 4) phases. Phase 0 trials are small trials that help researchers decide if a new agent should be tested in a phase 1 trial. Phase 4 trials look at long-term safety and effectiveness, after a new treatment has been approved and is on the market.

  • Site IRB
    • Rochester, Minnesota: 07-000221
    NCT ID: NCT00335556
    Sponsor Protocol Number: AREN0321

About this study

This phase II trial is studying how well combination chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and/or surgery work in treating patients with high-risk kidney tumors. Drugs used in chemotherapy work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving more than one drug (combination chemotherapy) may kill more tumor cells. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Giving combination chemotherapy together with radiation therapy before surgery may make the tumor smaller and reduce the amount of normal tissue that needs to be removed.

Participation eligibility

Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. If you need assistance understanding the eligibility criteria, please contact the study team.

See eligibility criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Newly diagnosed disease of 1 of the following histologic types
    • Focal anaplastic Wilms' tumor
    • Diffuse anaplastic Wilms' tumor
    • Clear cell sarcoma of the kidney
    • Malignant rhabdoid tumor (renal or extrarenal)
    • Renal cell carcinoma
      • Clear cell
      • Papillary
      • Renal medullary
      • Oncocytoid
      • Sarcomatoid
      • Chromophobe
      • Translocation
      • Collecting duct
      • Carcinoma associated with neuroblastoma
      • Renal cell carcinoma unclassified
  • Specimens/materials must be submitted for central review by Day 7
  • Patients must begin protocol therapy on AREN0321 by Day 14 after surgery or biopsy (surgery/biopsy is Day 0), unless medically contraindicated
  • Karnofsky performance status (PS) must be ≥ 50 for patients > 16 years if age 
  • Lansky PS must be ≥ 50 for patients ≤ 16 years of age
  • Patients must not have received systemic chemotherapy or radiation therapy prior to treatment on this study UNLESS
    • they were enrolled on the AREN0532 or AREN0533 studies and received prenephrectomy chemotherapy for what was originally presumed to be favorable histology Wilms tumor
    • patients with pediatric RCC who previously received chemotherapy for another type of malignancy (not the RCC) or non-malignant condition
  • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) for age
  • Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) (aspartate aminotransferase [AST] or serum glutamic pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ ALT]) < 2.5 times ULN for age
  • Shortening fraction of ≥ 27% by echocardiogram
  • Ejection fraction of ≥ 50% by radionuclide angiogram
  • Female patients of childbearing age must have a negative pregnancy test
  • Female patients who are lactating must agree to stop breast-feeding
  • Sexually active patients of childbearing potential must agree to use effective contraception
  • All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed consent
  • All institutional, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and National Cancer Institute (NCI) requirements for human studies must be met

Participating Mayo Clinic locations

Study statuses change often. Please contact us for help.

Mayo Clinic Location Status Contact

Rochester, Minn.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

Carola A Arndt, M.D.

Closed for enrollment

Contact information:

Cancer Center Clinical Trials Referral Office



Mayo Clinic Footer