Bortezomib and Sorafenib Tosylate in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Acute Myeloid Leukemia


About this study

This randomized phase III trial studies how well bortezomib and sorafenib tosylate work in treating patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia. Bortezomib and sorafenib tosylate may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving bortezomib and sorafenib tosylate together with combination chemotherapy may be an effective treatment for acute myeloid leukemia.

Participation eligibility

Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. There is no guarantee that every individual who qualifies and wants to participate in a trial will be enrolled. Contact the study team to discuss study eligibility and potential participation.

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must be newly diagnosed with de novo acute myelogenous leukemia
  • Patients with previously untreated primary AML who meet the customary criteria for AML with >= 20% bone marrow blasts as set out in the 2008 World Health Organization (WHO) Myeloid Neoplasm Classification are eligible
    • Attempts to obtain bone marrow either by aspirate or biopsy must be made unless clinically prohibitive; in cases where it is clinically prohibitive, peripheral blood with an excess of 20% blasts and in which adequate flow cytometric and cytogenetics/fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) testing is feasible can be substituted for the marrow exam at diagnosis
  • Patients with < 20% bone marrow blasts are eligible if they have:
    • A karyotypic abnormality characteristic of de novo AML (t(8;21)(q22;q22), inv(16)(p13q22) or t(16;16)(p13;q22) or 11q23 abnormalities
    • The unequivocal presence of megakaryoblasts, or
    • Biopsy proven isolated myeloid sarcoma (myeloblastoma; chloroma, including leukemia cutis)
  • Patients with any performance status are eligible for enrollment
  • Prior therapy with hydroxyurea, all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA), corticosteroids (any route), and IT cytarabine given at diagnosis is allowed; hydroxyurea and ATRA must be discontinued prior to initiation of protocol therapy; patients who have previously received any other chemotherapy, radiation therapy or any other antileukemic therapy are not eligible for this protocol

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with any of the following constitutional conditions are not eligible:
    • Fanconi anemia
    • Shwachman syndrome
    • Any other known bone marrow failure syndrome
    • Patients with constitutional trisomy 21 or with constitutional mosaicism of trisomy 21 Note: enrollment may occur pending results of clinically indicated studies to exclude these conditions
  • Patients with any of the following oncologic diagnoses are not eligible:
    • Any concurrent malignancy
    • Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML)
    • Philadelphia chromosome positive AML
    • Biphenotypic or bilineal acute leukemia
    • Acute promyelocytic leukemia
    • Acute myeloid leukemia arising from myelodysplasia
    • Therapy-related myeloid neoplasms Note: enrollment may occur pending results of clinically indicated studies to exclude these conditions
  • Pregnancy and breast feeding
  • Female patients who are pregnant are ineligible
  • Lactating females are not eligible unless they have agreed not to breastfeed their infants
  • Female patients of childbearing potential are not eligible unless a negative pregnancy test result has been obtained
  • Sexually active patients of reproductive potential are not eligible unless they have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method for the duration of their study participation

Participating Mayo Clinic locations

Study statuses change often. Please contact the study team for the most up-to-date information regarding possible participation.

Mayo Clinic Location Status Contact

Rochester, Minn.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

Wendy Allen-Rhoades, M.D., Ph.D.

Closed for enrollment

Contact information:

Cancer Center Clinical Trials Referral Office

(855) 776-0015

More information


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