S1211, Bortezomib, Dexamethasone, and Lenalidomide With or Without Elotuzumab in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed High-Risk Multiple Myeloma

Overview

About this study

RATIONALE: Lenalidomide and bortezomib may stop the growth of multiple myeloma by blocking blood flow to the tumor. Also, bortezomib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Monoclonal antibodies, such as elotuzumab, can block cancer growth in different ways. Some block the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Others find cancer cells and help kill them or carry cancer-killing substances to them. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as lenalidomide and dexamethasone also work in different ways to kill tumor cells or stop them from growing. Giving elotuzumab together with chemotherapy may be a better way to block cancer growth.

PURPOSE: This phase I/II trial is studying the side effects and best dose of elotuzumab and to see how well it works when given with lenalidomide, bortezomib, and dexamethasone in treating patients with multiple myeloma.

Participation eligibility

Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. If you need assistance understanding the eligibility criteria, please contact the study team.

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Patients must have newly diagnosed active multiple myeloma (MM)
    • Patients with non-secretory MM or known amyloidosis are not eligible
  • For the Phase II portion only, patients must have high-risk MM based on one or more of the following criteria at the time of initial diagnosis (prior to any chemotherapy):
    • Poor-risk genomic signature according to the University of Arkansas 70-gene model (available clinically as MyPRS score, Signal Genetics, Inc.)
    • Translocation (14;16), and/or translocation (14;20), and/or deletion (17p) by florescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) or cytogenetics
    • Primary plasma cell leukemia (defined by either ≥ 2,000 plasma cells/mL of peripheral blood, or 20% on a manual differential count
    • Serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) ≥ 2 times institutional upper limit of normal (IULN)
  • Patients must have measurable disease within 28 days prior to registration (or prior to initiation of first induction course for patients with prior therapy)
  • Patients on the Phase I portion may not have received ANY prior chemotherapy
  • Patients on the Phase II portion may have received one prior cycle of any noninvestigational chemotherapy
  • Patients must not have active involvement of the central nervous system (CNS) with MM (by clinical evaluation)
    • Patients with documentation of or clinical signs or symptoms consistent with CNS involvement by MM must have a lumbar puncture that is negative for CNS involvement
    • Patients with no previous history of documented CNS involvement and with no clinical signs or symptoms consistent with CNS involvement are not required to have completed a lumbar puncture prior to registration

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Zubrod performance status ≤ 2
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1,000 cells/mm³ without growth factor support
  • Platelet count ≥ 70,000 cells/mm³ for patients who have bone marrow plasmacytosis < 50% OR ≥ 50,000 cells/mm³ for patients who have bone marrow plasmacytosis of ≥ 50%
  • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times institutional upper limit of normal (IULN)
  • Serum glutamic oxalo-acetic transaminase (SGOT)/aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and serum glutamic pyruvate transaminase (SGPT)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 2.5 times IULN
  • Creatinine clearance (CrCL) ≥ 30 mL/min
  • Patients who are known to be human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive are eligible providing they meet all of the following additional criteria within 28 days prior to registration:
    • CD4 cells ≥ 500/mm³
    • Viral load of < 50 copies HIV mRNA/mm³ if on antiretroviral therapy (ART) or < 25,000 copies HIV mRNA if not on ART
    • No zidovudine or stavudine as part of ART
  • Patients must have baseline skeletal survey to document lytic lesions, osteopenia, or compression fracture
  • Patients with known hepatitis B or hepatitis C infection may be eligible providing they have viral load < 800,000 IU/L within 28 days prior to registration
  • Patients must not have POEMS syndrome (plasma cell dyscrasia with polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal protein, and skin changes)
  • Patients must not have clinically significant illness including any of the following:
    • Uncontrolled, active infection requiring intravenous antibiotics
    • New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III or Class IV heart failure
    • Unstable angina pectoris
    • Myocardial infarction within the past 6 months
    • ≥ Grade 3 cardiac arrhythmias per Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) Version 4.0
      • Patients must have undergone an electrocardiogram (EKG) within 28 days prior to registration
    • Uncontrolled blood pressure (BP) or hypertension
      • Defined as systolic BP > 140 mm Hg or diastolic BP > 90 mm Hg within 14 days prior to registration
        • An exception can be made by a healthcare provider for a patient with a single BP elevation who, upon rechecking, has a normal BP
      • Patients are permitted to be receiving multiple antihypertensive medications (unless otherwise indicated in the study)
    • Uncontrolled diabetes mellitus (defined as a glycosylated hemoglobin A1C (Hg A1C) > 7% within 14 days prior to registration)
      • The same criterion will be used in patients with confirmed diagnosis of diabetes mellitus who have been on a stable dietary or therapeutic regimen for this condition in the last three months
  • Patients must not have any psychiatric illness that could potentially interfere with the completion of treatment according to this protocol
  • Females of childbearing potential (FCBP) must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 25 mIU/mL within 10-14 days prior to registration
  • FCBP must either commit to continued abstinence from heterosexual intercourse or begin TWO acceptable methods of birth control: one highly effective method and one additional effective method AT THE SAME TIME, at least 28 days before starting lenalidomide and continuing for at least 4 months after completion of study therapy
    • Men must agree to use a latex condom during sexual contact with a FCBP, even if they have had a successful vasectomy
  • Not pregnant or breastfeeding
  • No other prior malignancy is allowed except for the following: adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, adequately treated stage I or II cancer from which the patient is currently in complete remission, or any other cancer from which the patient has been disease free for five years

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • Prior chemotherapy must have been completed within 56 days prior to registration and all toxicities must have resolved to ≤ Grade 1
  • Patients may have received prior radiotherapy for symptomatic localized bone lesions or impending spinal cord compression only
  • Radiotherapy must be completed at least 14 days prior to registration and all toxicities must have resolved to ≤ Grade 1

Participating Mayo Clinic locations

Study statuses change often. Please contact us for help.

Mayo Clinic Location Status Contact

Jacksonville, Fla.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

Sikander Ailawadhi, M.D.

Closed for enrollment

Contact information:

Cancer Center Clinical Trials Referral Office

855-776-0015

Rochester, Minn.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

Ronald Go, M.D.

Closed for enrollment

Contact information:

Cancer Center Clinical Trials Referral Office

855-776-0015

More information

Publications

Publications are currently not available

Study Results Summary

Not yet available

Supplemental Study Information

Not yet available

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CLS-20145163

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