Pyridorin in Diabetic Nephropathy


About this study

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of oral Pyridorin 300 mg BID in reducing the rate of progression of nephropathy due to type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Participation eligibility

Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. There is no guarantee that every individual who qualifies and wants to participate in a trial will be enrolled. Contact the study team to discuss study eligibility and potential participation.

Inclusion Criteria:

Patients meeting all of the following criteria will be eligible to participate in the study:

  1. Patients who have given voluntary written informed consent to participate in this study prior to conducting Screening (Visit 1) procedures
  2. Patients 18 years of age or older with a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes
  3. Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) who agree to use appropriate birth control (double-barrier methods, hormonal contraceptives, or intrauterine device) for the duration of the study (women of childbearing potential is defined as all women who are not surgically sterile or are not at least 1 year post menopausal) All women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test at Visit 1
  4. All men (unless surgically sterile, as defined below) who have sexual intercourse with a WOCBP must agree and commit to use a highly effective method of contraception for the duration of the study (defined as the time of the signing of the informed consent form through the conclusion of patient participation). Highly effective methods of contraception include i. Male subjects agreeing that they and their female spouse/partners will use adequate contraception (2 forms of birth control, one of which must be barrier method) or be of non-childbearing potential ii. To be considered surgically sterilized, a male partner must have had a vasectomy at least 24 weeks before Visit 1
  5. At Visit 1, patients must have a history of overt diabetic nephropathy, as defined by the following  
    • A SCr measurement ≥1.3 mg/dL (115 umol/L) for females or ≥1.5 mg/dL (133 umol/L) for males
    • A 24-hour urine collection PCR ≥1200 mg/g (136 mg/mmol)
  6. Patients must have a SCr measurement <3.0 mg/dL (265 umol/L)
  7. Patients must have an eGFR of ≥20 mL/min/1.73m2, using the 4-variable Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation in which eGFR = 175 x (SCr(mg/dL))-1.154 x (Age(years))-0.203 x (0.742 if female) x (1.212 if African American)
  8. Patient must have a second screening SCr measurement at Visit 1.1 or 1.1S taken 1 week (± 2 days) after screening (Visit 1 or 1.1). The value of the second screening SCr measurement must be <3.0 mg/dL (265 umol/L) for both genders and within 25% of the first screening measurement
  9. Patients must be taking a single ACE-I or ARB at a constant dose for at least 26 weeks prior to Visit 1, where the dose of the ACE-I or the ARB is considered appropriate for that patient and it is anticipated that the same dose can and will be maintained throughout the course of the study
  10. Patients taking any blood pressure medications in addition to an ACE-I or ARB, including diuretics, must be: (1) on a stable dose for 26 weeks prior to Visit 1 with a seated blood pressure of ≤150/90 mmHg; or (2) on a stable dose for 13 weeks prior to Visit 1 with a seated blood pressure of ≤140/90 mmHg
  11. Patients not taking any blood pressure medications other than an ACE-I or ARB must have a seated blood pressure ≤150/90 mmHg at Visit 1 and a seated blood pressure considered appropriate for the patient and one that can be sustained throughout the study

Exclusion Criteria:

Patients are excluded from participation in the study if any of the following criteria apply

  1. Patients with type 1 diabetes
  2. Patients with a diagnosis of chronic kidney disease other than diabetic renal disease with or without hypertensive renal disease
  3. Patients receiving a renin inhibitor or an aldosterone antagonist or a combination of an ACE-I and an ARB within 26 weeks of Visit 1
  4. Patients with a history of solid organ transplantation
  5. Patients with a history of myocardial infarction, coronary re-vascularization procedures (including percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty), stroke, or transient ischemic attack within 30 days prior to Visit 1
  6. Patients with a diagnosis of New York Heart Association Class III or IV congestive heart failure at any time
  7. Patients with a history of being treated for neoplastic disease (except basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin) within 5 years prior to Visit 1
  8. Patients with any history of dialysis within 2 years prior to Visit 1
  9. Patients in whom dialysis or renal transplantation is anticipated by their physician within 1 year after Visit 1
  10. Patients who used SCr-altering drugs within 30 days prior to Visit 1
  11. Patients who require systemic immunosuppression therapy for >2 weeks (except for inhalant steroids)
  12. Patients with clinically significant liver disease or transaminase (alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase) levels >2.5 × the upper limit of normal (ULN) measured at Visit 1.1 or Visit 1.1S
  13. Patients with bilirubin levels >1.5 × ULN measured at Visit 1.1 or Visit 1.1S
  14. Patients with a history of allergic or other adverse response to vitamin B preparations
  15. Patients who require >50 mg of vitamin B6 daily
  16. Patients who have an active history of dysphagia or swallowing disorders
  17. Patients with a history of hypersensitivity to Pyridorin or any of the excipients (non-active ingredients) in the Pyridorin formulation
  18. Patients who have taken pyridoxamine or any other investigational drug within 30 days prior to Visit 1, or have participated in a previous Pyridorin study or another interventional clinical study within 30 days prior to Visit 1
  19. Patients with an active history of drug or alcohol abuse
  20. Patients unlikely to comply with the study protocol (eg, an inability and unwillingness to participate in adequate training, an uncooperative attitude, inability to return for follow-up visits, or unlikelihood of completing the study)
  21. Women who are lactating, pregnant, or intend to become pregnant during the course of the study
  22. Patients who are investigational site staff members and their families or patients who are employees of the Sponsor or the Sponsor's designees and are directly involved in the conduct of the study

Participating Mayo Clinic locations

Study statuses change often. Please contact the study team for the most up-to-date information regarding possible participation.

Mayo Clinic Location Status

Scottsdale/Phoenix, Ariz.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

Mira Keddis, M.D.

Closed for enrollment

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