Describes the nature of a clinical study. Types include:
- Observational study — observes people and measures outcomes without affecting results.
- Interventional study (clinical trial) — studies new tests, treatments, drugs, surgical procedures or devices.
- Medical records research — uses historical information collected from medical records of large groups of people to study how diseases progress and which treatments and surgeries work best.
During the early phases (phases 1 and 2), researchers assess safety, side effects, optimal dosages and risks/benefits. In the later phase (phase 3), researchers study whether the treatment works better than the current standard therapy. They also compare the safety of the new treatment with that of current treatments. Phase 3 trials include large numbers of people to make sure that the result is valid. There are also less common very early (phase 0) and later (phase 4) phases. Phase 0 trials are small trials that help researchers decide if a new agent should be tested in a phase 1 trial. Phase 4 trials look at long-term safety and effectiveness, after a new treatment has been approved and is on the market.
- Scottsdale/Phoenix, Arizona: 11-000252
- Jacksonville, Florida: 11-000252
- Rochester, Minnesota: 11-000252
NCT ID: NCT01295827
Sponsor Protocol Number: MK-3475-001
About this study
This study will be done in 6 parts. In Part A the dose of intravenous (IV) pembrolizumab (MK-3475) will be escalated to find the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D) for participants with a histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of any type of carcinoma or melanoma (MEL). Part B of the study will explore the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of the drug in participants with advanced or metastatic MEL and compare every 2 week to every 3 week dosing. Part C of the study will explore the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of the drug in participants with non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) that is locally advanced or metastatic. Part D of the study will explore the low and high doses of study drug identified in Parts A and B in participants with advanced or metastatic MEL. Part E (closed with Amendment 7) will explore low, medium, and high doses of study drug in combination with standard chemotherapy in participants with locally advanced or metastatic NSCLC. Part F will explore low and high doses of study drug in treatment-naive and previously-treated participants with NSCLC with programmed cell death 1 ligand (PD-L1) gene expression. In Parts D and F and some of Part B participants will be randomized to one dose level. The primary hypotheses are the following: that pembrolizumab has acceptable safety and tolerability; and that pembrolizumab shows a clinically meaningful response rate (RR) or disease-control rate (DCR) in participants with melanoma (ipilimumab-refractory or not), and a clinically meaningful RR in participants with NSCLC, especially a clinically meaningful RR in those participants with either cancer, whose tumors express PD-L1.