Area Deprivation Index

Area Deprivation Index (ADI)

The original area deprivation index (ADI) was developed by Gopal Singh, Ph.D., and is comprised of 17 U.S. census indicators, spanning four domains (poverty, education, housing, and employment), which are used to construct socioeconomic measures for granular census-based regions.

Article Overview

This article examines the association between area deprivation and contemporary county-level patterns of opioid prescriptions and drug poisoning mortality from 2012-2017.

The final and complete abstract will be posted after the publication is in press.


ADI Derivation

County demographic information necessary for ADI derivation was ascertained from 2012-2016 and 2013-2017 five-year estimates of ACS. The ACS is an annual survey that collects national data from randomly sampled housing units. This survey, conducted by the United States Census Bureau, provides estimates at various geographic levels (regions, states, counties, cities) and is representative of the non-institutionalized U.S. population. We used 17 county-level indicators, representing income, employment, housing, and education, to compute ADI scores for each county in the U.S. In-depth survey methodology for this data can be found on the U.S. Census Bureau website.

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