Publications

  1. Garber JR, Papini E, Frasoldati A, Lupo MA, Harrell RM, Parangi S, Patkar V, Baloch ZW, Pessah-Pollack R, Hegedus L, Crescenzi A, Lubitz CC, Paschke R, Randolph GW, Guglielmi R, Lombardi CP, Gharib H. American Association of Clinical Endocrinology And Associazione Medici Endocrinologi Thyroid Nodule Algorithmic Tool. Endocr Pract. 2021 Jun 2 Epub 2021 June 02
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  2. Azadnajafabad S, Saeedi Moghaddam S, Mohammadi E, Rezaei N, Ghasemi E, Fattahi N, Aminorroaya A, Azadnajafabad R, Aryannejad A, Rezaei N, Naderimagham S, Haghpanah V, Mokdad AH, Gharib H, Farzadfar F, Larijani B. Global, regional, and national burden and quality of care index (QCI) of thyroid cancer: A systematic analysis of the Global Burden of Disease Study 1990-2017. Cancer Med. 2021 Apr; 10 (7):2496-2508 Epub 2021 Mar 05
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  3. Parsa AA, Gharib H. Update on thyroid nodule management US Endocrinology. 2019; 15 (1):32-8
  4. Gharib H. DOES IODINE CAUSE THYROID CANCER? Acta Endocrinol (Buchar). 2018 Oct-Dec; 14 (4):525-526
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  5. Jasim S, Gharib H. THYROID AND AGING. Endocr Pract. 2018 Apr; 24 (4):369-374 Epub 2017 Aug 17
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  6. Duh QY, Busaidy NL, Rahilly-Tierney C, Gharib H, Randolph G. A Systematic Review of the Methods of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies of the Afirma Gene Expression Classifier. Thyroid. 2017 Oct; 27 (10):1215-1222 Epub 2017 Aug 17
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  7. Duh QY, Rahilly-Tierney C, Gharib H. Exclusion of Eligible Indeterminate Thyroid Nodules in Estimates of Negative Predictive Value for the Gene Expression Classifier. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2017 Jul 1; 143 (7):737-738
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  8. Skelin M, Lucijanic T, Amidzic Klaric D, Resic A, Bakula M, Liberati-Cizmek AM, Gharib H, Rahelic D. Factors Affecting Gastrointestinal Absorption of Levothyroxine: A Review. Clin Ther. 2017 Feb; 39 (2):378-403 Epub 2017 Jan 30
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  9. Guglielmi R, Frasoldati A, Zini M, Grimaldi F, Gharib H, Garber JR, Papini E. Italian association of clinical endocrinologists statement-replacement therapy for primary hypothyroidism: a brief guide for clinical practice Endocrine Practice. 2016 Nov; 22: (11)1319-26.
  10. Gharib H. William Eugene Mayberry (August 22, 1929-September 19, 2016). Thyroid. 2016 Nov 1;
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  11. Guglielmi R, Frasoldati A, Zini M, Grimaldi F, Gharib H, Garber JR, Papini E. ITALIAN ASSOCIATION OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGISTS (AME) STATEMENT ENDORSED BY THE AACE ITALIAN CHAPTER REPLACEMENT THERAPY FOR PRIMARY HYPOTHYROIDISM A BRIEF GUIDE FOR CLINICAL PRACTICE. Endocr Pract. 2016 Aug 2;
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  12. Zhang M, Sara JD, Matsuzawa Y, Gharib H, Bell MR, Gulati R, Lerman LO, Lerman A. Clinical outcomes of patients with hypothyroidism undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. Eur Heart J. 2016 Jul 7; 37 (26):2055-65 Epub 2016 Jan 12
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  13. Zhang M, Sara JDS, Matsuzawa Y, Gharib H, Bell MR, Gulati R, Lerman LO, Lerman A. Clinical outcomes of patients with hypothyroidism undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention European Heart Journal. 2016 Jul 7; 37: (26)ehv737.
  14. Gharib H, Papini E, Garber JR, Duick DS, Harrell RM, Hegedus L, Paschke R, Valcavi R, Vitti P. American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, American College of Endocrinology, and associazione medici endocrinologi medical guidelines for clinical practice for the diagnosis and management of thyroid nodules-2016 update Endocrine Practice. 2016 May; 22: (Suppl 1)1-60.
  15. Gharib H, Papini E, Garber JR, Duick DS, Harrell RM, Hegedus L, Paschke R, Valcavi R, Vitti P, AACE/ACE/AME Task Force on Thyroid Nodules. AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGISTS, AMERICAN COLLEGE OF ENDOCRINOLOGY, AND ASSOCIAZIONE MEDICI ENDOCRINOLOGI MEDICAL GUIDELINES FOR CLINICAL PRACTICE FOR THE DIAGNOSIS AND MANAGEMENT OF THYROID NODULES--2016 UPDATE. Endocr Pract. 2016 May; 22: (5)622-39.
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  16. Tamhane S, Gharib H. Thyroid nodule update on diagnosis and management. Clin Diabetes Endocrinol. 2016; 2:17 Epub 2016 Oct 03
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  17. Tamhane S, Gharib H. Retraction Note: Thyroid nodules update in diagnosis and management. Clin Diabetes Endocrinol. 2016; 2:10 Epub 2016 Apr 14
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  18. Brito JP, Castaneda-Guarderas A, Gionfriddo MR, Ospina NS, Maraka S, Dean DS, Castro MR, Fatourechi V, Gharib H, Stan MN, Branda ME, Bahn RS, Montori VM. Development and Pilot Testing of an Encounter Tool for Shared Decision Making About the Treatment of Graves' Disease. Thyroid. 2015 Nov; 25 (11):1191-8 Epub 2015 Oct 15
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  19. Hegerova L, Griebeler ML, Reynolds JP, Henry MR, Gharib H. Metastasis to the thyroid gland: report of a large series from the Mayo Clinic. Am J Clin Oncol. 2015 Aug; 38(4):338-42.
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  20. Sara JD, Zhang M, Gharib H, Lerman LO, Lerman A. Hypothyroidism Is Associated With Coronary Endothelial Dysfunction in Women. J Am Heart Assoc. 2015 Jul 29; 4 (8):e002225 Epub 2015 July 29
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  21. Tamhane S, Gharib H. RETRACTED ARTICLE: Thyroid nodules update in diagnosis and management. Clin Diabetes Endocrinol. 2015; 1:11 Epub 2015 Sept 18
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  22. Chianelli M, Bizzarri G, Todino V, Misischi I, Bianchini A, Graziano F, Guglielmi R, Pacella CM, Gharib H, Papini E. Laser ablation and 131-iodine: a 24-month pilot study of combined treatment for large toxic nodular goiter. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2014 Jul; 99(7):E1283-6. Epub 2014 Mar 31.
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  23. Peleg M, Fox J, Patkar V, Glasspool D, Chronakis I, South M, Nassar S, Gaglia JL, Gharib H, Papini E, Paschke R, Duick DS, Valcavi R, Hegedus L, Garber JR. A Computer-Interpretable Version of the AACE, AME, ETA Medical Guidelines for Clinical Practice for the Diagnosis and Management of Thyroid Nodules. Endocr Pract. 2014 Apr; 20 (4):352-9
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  24. Parsaik AK, Singh B, Roberts RO, Pankratz S, Edwards KK, Geda YE, Gharib H, Boeve BF, Knopman DS, Petersen RC. Hypothyroidism and risk of mild cognitive impairment in elderly persons: a population-based study. JAMA Neurol. 2014 Feb; 71 (2):201-7
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  25. Gharib H. Update in endocrinology: Evidence published in 2013. Ann Intern Med. 2014; 160(11):785-90.
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  26. Gharib H. A presidential reflection US Endocrinology. 2014; 10: (2)111-2.
  27. Gharib H, Hegedus L, Pacella CM, Baek JH, Papini E. Clinical review: Nonsurgical, image-guided, minimally invasive therapy for thyroid nodules. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2013 Oct; 98(10):3949-57. Epub 2013 Aug 16.
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  28. Gharib H. Remembering Ernie Mazzaferri - A Personal Reflection. Thyroid. 2013 Jul 18 Epub 2013 July 18
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  29. Griebeler ML, Gharib H, Thompson GB. Medullary thyroid carcinoma. Endocr Pract. 2013 Jul-Aug; 19 (4):703-11
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  30. Negro R, Gharib H, Savoldi L, Barbieri V, Valcavi R. A longitudinal study of thyroidectomized patients in a region of northern Italy: benign versus malignant disease. Endocr Pract. 2013 Mar-Apr; 19(2):259-62.
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  31. Papini E, Bizzarri G, Bianchini A, Valle D, Misischi I, Guglielmi R, Salvatori M, Solbiati L, Crescenzi A, Pacella CM, Gharib H. Percutaneous ultrasound-guided laser ablation is effective for treating selected nodal metastases in papillary thyroid cancer. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2013 Jan; 98(1):E92-7. Epub 2012 Nov 12.
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  32. Almandoz JP, Gharib H. Hypothyroidism: etiology, diagnosis, and management. Med Clin North Am. 2012 Mar; 96(2):203-21. Epub 2012 Feb 14.
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  33. Garber JR, Cobin RH, Gharib H, Hennessey JV, Klein I, Mechanick JI, Pessah-Pollack R, Singer PA, Woeber KA. Clinical practice guidelines for hypothyroidism in adults: Cosponsored by the American Association of clinical endocrinologists and the American Thyroid Association. Thyroid. 2012; 22(12):1200-35.
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  34. Garber JR, Cobin RH, Gharib H, Hennessey JV, Klein I, Mechanick JI, Pessah-Pollack R, Singer PA, Woeber KA. Clinical practice guidelines for hypothyroidism in adults: Cosponsored by the american association of clinical endocrinologists and the American thyroid association. Endocr Pract. 2012; 18(6):988-s4.
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  35. Castro MR, Espiritu RP, Bahn RS, Henry MR, Gharib H, Caraballo PJ, Morris JC. Predictors of malignancy in patients with cytologically suspicious thyroid nodules. Thyroid. 2011 Nov; 21 (11):1191-8 Epub 2011 Oct 18
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  36. Paschke R, Hegedus L, Alexander E, Valcavi R, Papini E, Gharib H. Thyroid nodule guidelines: agreement, disagreement and need for future research. Nat Rev Endocrinol. 2011 Jun; 7(6):354-61. Epub 2011 Mar 01.
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  37. Gharib H, Papini E, Paschke R, Duick DS, Valcavi R, Hegedus L, Vitti P, AACE/AME/ETA Task Force on Thyroid Nodules. American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, Associazione Medici Endocrinologi, and European Thyroid Association medical guidelines for clinical practice for the diagnosis and management of thyroid nodules: Executive Summary of recommendations. J Endocrinol Invest. 2010 May; 33 (5):287-91 Epub 2010 May 17
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  38. Gharib H, Papini E, Paschke R, Duick DS, Valcavi R, Hegedus L, Vitti P, AACE/AME/ETA Task Force on Thyroid Nodules. American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, Associazione Medici Endocrinologi, and European Thyroid Association medical guidelines for clinical practice for the diagnosis and management of thyroid nodules. J Endocrinol Invest. 2010; 33: (5 Suppl)1-50.
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  39. Gharib H, Papini E, Paschke R, Duick DS, Valcavi R, Hegedus L, Vitti P, AACE/AME/ETA Task Force on Thyroid Nodules. American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, Associazione Medici Endocrinologi, and European Thyroid Association medical guidelines for clinical practice for the diagnosis and management of thyroid nodules: executive summary of recommendations. J Endocrinol Invest. 2010; 33 (5 Suppl):51-6
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  40. American Thyroid Association Guidelines Task Force, Kloos RT, Eng C, Evans DB, Francis GL, Gagel RF, Gharib H, Moley JF, Pacini F, Ringel MD, Schlumberger M, Wells SA Jr. Medullary thyroid cancer: management guidelines of the American Thyroid Association. Thyroid. 2009 Jun; 19(6):565-612.
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  41. Dean DS, Gharib H. Epidemiology of thyroid nodules. Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2008 Dec; 22(6):901-11.
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  42. Gharib H, Papini E, Paschke R. Thyroid nodules: a review of current guidelines, practices, and prospects. Eur J Endocrinol. 2008 Nov; 159: (5)493-505.
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  43. Layfield LJ, Abrams J, Cochand-Priollet B, Evans D, Gharib H, Greenspan F, Henry M, LiVolsi V, Merino M, Michael CW, Wang H, Wells SA. Post-thyroid FNA testing and treatment options: a synopsis of the National Cancer Institute Thyroid Fine Needle Aspiration State of the Science Conference. Diagn Cytopathol. 2008 Jun; 36(6):442-8.
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  44. Erdal M, Sahin M, Saglam K, Hasimi A, Uckaya G, Yarpuz MY, Taslipinar A, Gharib H, Kutlu M. Increased serum chitotriosidase activity following restoration of euthyroidism in patients with subclinical hypothyroidism. Intern Med. 2008; 47(14):1309-14. Epub 2008 Jul 15.
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  45. Gharib H, Papini E. Thyroid nodules: clinical importance, assessment, and treatment. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 2007 Sep; 36(3):707-35, vi.
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  46. Schmit GD, Gorman B, van Heerden JA, Gharib H. Inferior laryngeal paraganglioma mimicking a primary thyroid tumor. Endocr Pract. 2006 Jul-Aug; 12 (4):432-5
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  47. Gharib H, Hodgson SF. Endocrine University: evolution of a novel educational program. Endocr Pract. 2006 Mar-Apr; 12 (2):223-6
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  48. Gharib H. The frequency of carcinoma is similar in patients with one thyroid nodule as there with multiple nodules. Clin Thyroidology. 2006; 18:54.
  49. Castro MR, Gharib H. Continuing controversies in the management of thyroid nodules. Ann Intern Med. 2005 Jun 7; 142 (11):926-31
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  50. Gharib H, Tuttle RM, Baskin HJ, Fish LH, Singer PA, McDermott MT. Subclinical thyroid dysfunction: a joint statement on management from the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, the American Thyroid Association, and the Endocrine Society. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2005 Jan; 90(1):581-5; discussion 586-7.
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  51. Gharib H, Tuttle RM, Baskin HJ, Fish LH, Singer PA, McDermott MT, American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, American Thyroid Association, Endocrine Society. Consensus Statement #1: Subclinical thyroid dysfunction: a joint statement on management from the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, the American Thyroid Association, and The Endocrine Society. Thyroid. 2005 Jan; 15(1):24-8; response 32-3.
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  52. Gharib H, Tuttle RM, Baskin HJ, Fish LH, Singer PA, McDermott MT, American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists/American Thyroid Association/Endocrine Society. Subclinical thyroid dysfunction: a joint statement on management from the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, the American Thyroid Association, and the Endocrine Society. Endocr Pract. 2004 Nov-Dec; 10 (6):497-501
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  53. Gharib H. Changing trends in thyroid practice: understanding nodular thyroid disease. Endocr Pract. 2004 Jan-Feb; 10 (1):31-9
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  54. Zangeneh F, Gharib H, Goellner JR, Kao PC. Potential absence of prognostic implications of severe preoperative hypercalcitoninemia in medullary thyroid carcinoma. Endocr Pract. 2003 Jul-Aug; 9 (4):284-9
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  55. Zangeneh F, Powell CC, Gharib H. A survey on the use of thyroid ultrasonography in clinical endocrinology training programs. Endocr Pract. 2003 Mar-Apr; 9 (2):162-3
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  56. Castro MR, Gharib H. Thyroid fine-needle aspiration biopsy: progress, practice, and pitfalls. Endocr Pract. 2003 Mar-Apr; 9(2):128-36.
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  57. Mozes G, van Heerden JA, Gharib H. Prolonged survival of a patient with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2b and stage IV medullary thyroid carcinoma. Endocr Pract. 2003 Jan-Feb; 9 (1):45-51
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  58. Gharib H, Cook DM, Saenger PH, Bengtsson BA, Feld S, Nippoldt TB, Rodbard HW, Seibel JA, Vance ML, Zimmerman D. American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists medical guidelines for clinical practice for growth hormone use in adults and children--2003 update. Endocr Pract. 2003 Jan-Feb; 9(1):64-76.
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  59. Chow LS, Gharib H, Goellner JR, van Heerden JA. Nondiagnostic thyroid fine-needle aspiration cytology: management dilemmas. Thyroid. 2001 Dec; 11: (12)1147-51.
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  60. Giuffrida D, Gharib H. Cardiac metastasis from primary anaplastic thyroid carcinoma: report of three cases and a review of the literature. Endocr Relat Cancer. 2001 Mar; 8(1):71-3.
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  61. Teh SH, Farley DR, Gharib H, Fonseca R, Goellner JR, van Heerden JA. Primary thyroid amyloidosis and thyroid lymphoma. Contemp Surg. 2001 Mar; 57(3):137-9.
  62. Giuffrida D, Gharib H. Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma: current diagnosis and treatment. Ann Oncol. 2000 Sep; 11 (9):1083-9
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  63. Gharib H. The use of recombinant thyrotropin in patients with thyroid cancer. Endocrinologist. 2000 Jul; 10(4):255-263.
  64. Burguera B, Gharib H. Thyroid incidentalomas. Prevalence, diagnosis, significance, and management. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 2000 Mar; 29 (1):187-203
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  65. Burguera B, Gharib H. Thyroid incidentalomas. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 2000; 29:187-203.
  66. Castro MR, Gharib H. Thyroid nodules and cancer. When to wait and watch, when to refer. Postgrad Med. 2000 Jan; 107: (1)113-6, 119-20, 123-4.
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  67. Baskin HJ, Cody B, Clark OH, Gharib H, et al. Thyroid nodules: Conservative vs aggressive approaches. Med Crossfire. 2000; 1:18-29.
  68. Nakhjavani M, Gharib H, Goellner JR, van Heerden JA, Heerden JA. Direct extension of malignant lesions to the thyroid gland from adjacent organs: report of 17 cases. Endocr Pract. 1999 Mar-Apr; 5 (2):69-71
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  69. Perrier ND, van Heerden JA, Goellner JR, Williams ED, Gharib H, Marchesa P, Church JM, Fazio VW, Larson DR. Thyroid cancer in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis. World J Surg. 1998 Jul; 22 (7):738-42; discussion 743
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  70. Giuffrida D, Gharib H. Current diagnosis and management of medullary thyroid carcinoma. Ann Oncol. 1998 Jul; 9 (7):695-701
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  71. Erickson D, Gharib H, Li H, van Heerden JA. Treatment of patients with toxic multinodular goiter. Thyroid. 1998 Apr; 8(4):277-82.
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  72. Gharib H, Mazzaferri EL. Thyroxine suppressive therapy in patients with nodular thyroid disease. Ann Intern Med. 1998 Mar 1; 128 (5):386-94
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  73. Kudva YC, Gharib H. Thyroid nodules: approaches to diagnosis and management. Endocr Updates. 1998; 2:139-154.
  74. Fallahi P, Gharib H. Increased serum carcinoembryonic antigen levels as an early sign of medullary thyroid carcinoma. Endocr Pract. 1998; 4(4):195-6.
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  75. Gharib H. Changing concepts in the diagnosis and management of thyroid nodules. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 1997 Dec; 26 (4):777-800
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  76. Schlinkert RT, van Heerden JA, Goellner JR, Gharib H, Smith SL, Rosales RF, Weaver AL. Factors that predict malignant thyroid lesions when fine-needle aspiration is "suspicious for follicular neoplasm". Mayo Clin Proc. 1997 Oct; 72(10):913-6.
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  77. Heshmati HM, Gharib H, van Heerden JA, Sizemore GW. Advances and controversies in the diagnosis and management of medullary thyroid carcinoma. Am J Med. 1997 Jul; 103 (1):60-9
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  78. Heshmati HM, Gharib H, Khosla S, Abu-Lebdeh HS, Lindor NM, Thibodeau SN. Genetic testing in medullary thyroid carcinoma syndromes: mutation types and clinical significance. Mayo Clin Proc. 1997 May; 72 (5):430-6
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  79. Nakhjavani MK, Gharib H, Goellner JR, van Heerden JA. Metastasis to the thyroid gland. A report of 43 cases. Cancer. 1997 Feb 1; 79(3):574-8.
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  80. Tan GH, Gharib H. Thyroid incidentalomas: management approaches to nonpalpable nodules discovered incidentally on thyroid imaging. Ann Intern Med. 1997 Feb 1; 126 (3):226-31
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  81. Heshmati HM, Chevalier A, Gharib H, Clerc J, Boutteville C, Izembart M. Prognostic value of suppressed thyrotropin level and positive thyrotropin-receptor antibody activity in Graves' disease with long-lasting clinical remission Endocr Pract. 1997; 3:113-7.
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  82. Gharib H. Management of thyroid nodules: another look Thyroid Today. 1997; 1:1-11.
  83. Gharib H. Management of nodular thyroid New J of Med (Turkey) - Supplement 1. 1997; 14: 5-6.
  84. Hadi M, Gharib H, Goellner JR, Heerden JA. Has fine-needle aspiration biopsy changed thyroid practice? Endocr Pract. 1997 Jan-Feb; 3 (1):9-13
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  85. Eng C, Clayton D, Schuffenecker I, Lenoir G, Cote G, Gagel RF, van Amstel HKP, Lips CJM, Nishisho I, Takai SI, Marsh DJ, Robinson BG, Frank-Raue K, Raue F, Xue FY, Noll WW, Romei C, Pacini F, Fink M, Niederle B, Zedenius J, Nordenskjold M, Komminoth P, Hendy GN, Gharib H, Thibodeau SN, Lacroix A, Frilling A, Ponder BAJ, Mulligan LM. The relationship between specific RET proto-oncogene mutations and disease phenotype in multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 - international RET mutation consortium analysis. JAMA. 1996 Nov 20; 276(19):1575-9.
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  86. Tan GH, Gharib H, Goellner JR, van Heerden JA, Bahn RS. Management of thyroid nodules in pregnancy. Arch Intern Med. 1996 Nov 11; 156(20):2317-20.
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  87. Hurley DL, Gharib H. Evaluation and management of multinodular goiter. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 1996 Aug; 29(4):527-40.
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  88. O'Brien T, O'Riordan DS, Gharib H, Scheithauer BW, Ebersold MJ, van Heerden JA. Results of treatment of pituitary disease in multiple endocrine neoplasia, type I. Neurosurgery. 1996 Aug; 39 (2):273-8; discussion 278-9
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  89. Gharib H. Subclinical hyperthyroidism. JAMA. 1996 Feb 21; 275 (7):513
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  90. Tan GH, Gharib H, Reading CC. Solitary thyroid nodule. Comparison between palpation and ultrasonography. Arch Intern Med. 1995 Dec 11-25; 155 (22):2418-23
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  91. Giuffrida D, Gharib H. Controversies in the management of cold, hot, and occult thyroid nodules. Am J Med. 1995 Dec; 99(6):642-50.
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  92. O'Riordain DS, O'Brien T, Crotty TB, Gharib H, Grant CS, van Heerden JA. Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2B: more than an endocrine disorder. Surgery. 1995 Dec; 118 (6):936-42
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  93. Gharib H, Goellner JR. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy of thyroid nodules. Endocr Pract. 1995 Nov-Dec; 1 (6):410-7
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  94. O'Riordain DS, O'Brien T, Gharib H, Grant CS, van Heerden JA. British Association of Endocrine Surgeons' abstracts: endocrine and extra endocrine features of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2b. Br J Surg. 1995 Oct; 82(10):1430.
  95. Hurley DL, Gharib H. Thyroid nodular disease: is it toxic or nontoxic, malignant or benign? Geriatrics. 1995 Jun; 50(6):24-6, 29-31.
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  96. Tan GH, Gharib H. Recurrent hyperthyroidism after radioiodine-induced hypothyroidism: report of two cases and literature review. Endocr Pract. 1995 May-Jun; 1 (3):158-60
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  97. Hurley DL, Gharib H. Detection and treatment of hypothyroidism and Graves' disease. Geriatrics. 1995 Apr; 50(4):41-4.
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  98. Ledger GA, Khosla S, Lindor NM, Thibodeau SN, Gharib H. Genetic testing in the diagnosis and management of multiple endocrine neoplasia type II. Ann Intern Med. 1995 Jan 15; 122 (2):118-24
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  99. Gharib H, Zimmerman D, Goellner JR, Bridley SM, LeBlanc SM. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy: use in diagnosis and management of pediatric thyroid diseases. Endocr Pract. 1995 Jan-Feb; 1 (1):9-13
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  100. Collazo-Clavell ML, Gharib H, Maragos NE. Relationship between vocal cord paralysis and benign thyroid disease. Head Neck. 1995 Jan-Feb; 17 (1):24-30
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  101. Kane LA, Tsai MS, Gharib H, Khosla S, Robertson DM, Schaid DJ, Honchel R, Thibodeau SN. Familial medullary thyroid cancer and prominent corneal nerves: clinical and genetic analysis. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1995 Jan; 80(1):289-93.
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  102. Heufelder AE, Klee GG, Wynne AG, Gharib H. Familial dysalbuminemic hyperthyroxinemia: cumulative experience in 29 consecutive patients. Endocr Pract. 1995 Jan-Feb; 1 (1):4-8
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  103. Gharib H. Commentary--Fine needle aspiration biopsy was sensitive for nonfunctional thyroid nodules ACP Journal Club. 1995; 122:20.
  104. Gharib H. Imaging versus biopsy for thyroid nodules Endocr Pract. 1995; 1:306.
  105. O'Riordain DS, O'Brien T, Weaver AL, Gharib H, Hay ID, Grant CS, van Heerden JA. Medullary thyroid carcinoma in multiple endocrine neoplasia types 2A and 2B. Surgery. 1994 Dec; 116(6):1017-23.
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  106. Gharib H. Current evaluation of thyroid nodules. Trends Endocrinol Metab. 1994 Nov; 5 (9):365-9
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  107. Yocum MW, Butterfield JH, Gharib H. Increased plasma calcitonin levels in systemic mast cell disease. Mayo Clin Proc. 1994 Oct; 69 (10):987-90
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  108. Tsai MS, Ledger GA, Khosla S, Gharib H, Thibodeau SN. Identification of multiple endocrine neoplasia, type 2 gene carriers using linkage analysis and analysis of the RET proto-oncogene. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1994 May; 78 (5):1261-4
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  109. Gharib H. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy of thyroid nodules: advantages, limitations, and effect. Mayo Clin Proc. 1994 Jan; 69 (1):44-9
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  110. Gharib H. Diffuse nontoxic and multinodular goiter. Curr Ther Endocrinol Metab. 1994; 5:99-101.
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  111. Kao PC, Gharib H. Clinical performance of an extraction calcitonin radioimmunoassay. Mayo Clin Proc. 1993 Dec; 68 (12):1165-70
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  112. O'Riordain DS, O'Brien T, Grant CS, Weaver A, Gharib H, van Heerden JA. Surgical management of primary hyperparathyroidism in multiple endocrine neoplasia types 1 and 2. Surgery. 1993 Dec; 114(6):1031-7; discussion 1037-9.
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  113. Gharib H, Goellner JR, Johnson DA. Fine-needle aspiration cytology of the thyroid. Clin Lab Med. 1993 Sep; 13:699-709.
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  114. Cersosimo E, Gharib H, Suman VJ, Goellner JR. "Suspicious" thyroid cytologic findings: outcome in patients without immediate surgical treatment. Mayo Clin Proc. 1993 Apr; 68 (4):343-8
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  115. Gharib H, Goellner JR. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the thyroid: an appraisal. Ann Intern Med. 1993 Feb 15; 118 (4):282-9
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  116. Gharib H, Nagaya T, Stettlet A, Bradley WCE, Berard J, Goellner JR, Klee GG, Jameson JL, Eberhardt NL. Characterization of the c-erb a beta R438H mutant in generalized thyroid hormone resistance. Endocr J. 1993; 1:193-201.
  117. Gharib H, Nagay T, Stetler A, Bradley EC, Berard J, Goellner JR, Klee GG, Jameson JL, Eberhardt NL. Characterization of a new thyroid hormone receptor mutant in generalized resistance to thyroid hormone Endocrine Journal. 1993; 1:193-201.
  118. Gharib H, Goellner JR. Thyroid nodule (reply to letter) Ann Intern Med. 1993; 119:634.
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  119. O'Brien T, Gharib H, Suman VJ, van Heerden JA. Treatment of toxic solitary thyroid nodules: surgery versus radioactive iodine. Surgery. 1992 Dec; 112(6):1166-70.
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  120. Gharib H, McConahey WM, Tiegs RD, Bergstralh EJ, Goellner JR, Grant CS, van Heerden JA, Sizemore GW, Hay ID. Medullary thyroid carcinoma: clinicopathologic features and long-term follow-up of 65 patients treated during 1946 through 1970. Mayo Clin Proc. 1992 Oct; 67 (10):934-40
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  121. Homan MR, Gharib H, Goellner JR. Metastatic papillary cancer of the neck: a diagnostic dilemma. Head Neck. 1992 Mar-Apr; 14 (2):113-8
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  122. Sizemore GW, Carney JA, Gharib H, Capen CC. Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2B: Eighteen-year follow-up of a four-generation family Henry Ford Hosp Med J. 1992; 40:236-44.
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  123. Gharib H. A strategy for the solitary thyroid nodule Hosp Practice. 1992; 27:53-60.
  124. O'Brien T, Gharib H, Suman V, van Heerden JA. Treatment of solitary toxic thyroid nodules: Surgery vs. Radioiodine. American Association of Endocrine Surgeons Miami. 1992 Mar.
  125. Wynne AG, Gharib H, Scheithauer BW, Davis DH, Freeman SL, Horvath E. Hyperthyroidism due to inappropriate secretion of thyrotropin in 10 patients. Am J Med. 1992 Jan; 92 (1):15-24
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  126. Woolery WA, Gharib H. Thyrotoxic hypokalemic periodic paralysis in a white man. South Med J. 1991 Nov; 84(11):1399-401.
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  127. Van Heerden JA, Grant CS, Gharib H, Hay ID, Ilstrup DM. Long-term course of patients with persistent hypercalcitoninemia after apparent curative primary surgery for medullary thyroid carcinoma. Curr Surg. 1991 Sep; 48:379-381.
  128. Gharib H. Thyroid Disease: Endocrinology, Surgery, Nuclear Medicine, and Radiology, edited by Stephen A. Falk Mayo Clin Proc. 1991; 66:226-7.
  129. van Heerden JA, Grant CS, Gharib H, Hay ID, Ilstrup DM. Long-term course of patients with persistent hypercalcitoninemia after apparent curative primary surgery for medullary thyroid carcinoma. Ann Surg. 1990 Oct; 212 (4):395-400; discussion 400-1
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  130. Gharib H. Thyroid follicular adenoma: benign or malignant? Med J Islamic Rep Iran. 1990; 4:173-6.
  131. Ozoux JP, de Calan L, van Heerdan JA, Gharib H. Weight loss and tachycardia in a young woman with a goiter Postgrad Gen Surg. 1990; 2:71-3.
  132. Kelley DE, Gharib H, Kennedy FP, Duda RJ Jr, McManis PG. Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis. Report of 10 cases and review of electromyographic findings. Arch Intern Med. 1989 Nov; 149 (11):2597-600
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  133. Gharib H, Goellner JR. Evaluation of nodular thyroid disease. Endocrinology & Metabolism Clinics of North America. 1988 Sep; 17(3):511-26.
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  134. Fatourechi V, Gharib H. Hyperthyroidism following hypothyroidism. Data on six cases. Arch Intern Med. 1988 Apr; 148(4):976-8.
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  135. Young WF Jr, Scheithauer BW, Gharib H, Laws ER Jr, Carpenter PC. Cushing's syndrome due to primary multinodular corticotrope hyperplasia. Mayo Clin Proc. 1988 Mar; 63 (3):256-62
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  136. Van Heerden JA, Gharib H, Jackson IT. Pseudohyperparathyroidism secondary to gigantic mammary hypertrophy. Arch Surg. 1988 Jan; 123 (1):80-2
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  137. Goellner JR, Gharib H, Grant CS, Johnson DA. Fine needle aspiration cytology of the thyroid, 1980 to 1986. Acta Cytol. 1987 Sep-Oct; 31(5):587-90.
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  138. Gharib H, James EM, Charboneau JW, Naessens JM, Offord KP, Gorman CA. Suppressive therapy with levothyroxine for solitary thyroid nodules. A double-blind controlled clinical study. N Engl J Med. 1987 Jul 9; 317(2):70-5.
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  139. Gharib H, Abboud CF. Primary idiopathic hypothalamic hypothyroidism. Report of four cases. Am J Med. 1987 Jul; 83(1):171-4.
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  140. Gharib H, Kao PC, Heath H 3rd. Determination of silica-purified plasma calcitonin for the detection and management of medullary thyroid carcinoma: comparison of two provocative tests. Mayo Clin Proc. 1987 May; 62(5):373-8.
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  141. Zimmerman RS, Gharib H, Zimmerman D, Heublein D, Burnett JC Jr. Atrial natriuretic peptide in hypothyroidism. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1987 Feb; 64(2):353-5.
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  142. Smith SA, Gharib H, Goellner JR. Fine-needle aspiration. Usefulness for diagnosis and management of metastatic carcinoma to the thyroid. Arch Intern Med. 1987 Feb; 147(2):311-2.
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  143. Gorman B, Charboneau JW, James EM, Reading CC, Wold LE, Grant CS, Gharib H, Hay ID. Medullary thyroid carcinoma: role of high-resolution US. Radiology. 1987 Jan; 162(1 Pt 1):147-50.
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  144. Bahn RS, Scheithauer BW, van Heerden JA, Laws ER Jr, Horvath E, Gharib H. Nonidentical expressions of multiple endocrine neoplasia, type I, in identical twins. Mayo Clin Proc. 1986 Sep; 61(9):689-96.
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  145. Kaplan AS, van Heerden JA, McMahon MM, Carpenter HA, Gharib H. Follicular carcinoma of the thyroid presenting with hematuria: a case report. Surgery. 1986 Sep; 100(3):572-5.
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  146. Jensen MD, Gharib H, Naessens JM, van Heerden JA, Mayberry WE. Treatment of toxic multinodular goiter (Plummer's disease): surgery or radioiodine? World J Surg. 1986 Aug; 10(4):673-80.
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  147. Zimmerman RS, Brennan MD, McConahey WM, Goellner JR, Gharib H. Hashimoto's thyroiditis. An uncommon cause of painful thyroid unresponsive to corticosteroid therapy. Ann Intern Med. 1986 Mar; 104(3):355-7.
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  148. Swensen SJ, Brown ML, Sheps SG, Sizemore GW, Gharib H, Grant CS, van Heerden JA. Use of 131I-MIBG scintigraphy in the evaluation of suspected pheochromocytoma. Mayo Clin Proc. 1985 May; 60(5):299-304.
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  149. Gharib H, Klee GG. Familial euthyroid hyperthyroxinemia secondary to pituitary and peripheral resistance to thyroid hormones. Mayo Clin Proc. 1985 Jan; 60(1):9-15.
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  150. Nel CJ, van Heerden JA, Goellner JR, Gharib H, McConahey WM, Taylor WF, Grant CS. Anaplastic carcinoma of the thyroid: a clinicopathologic study of 82 cases. Mayo Clin Proc. 1985 Jan; 60(1):51-8.
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  151. Vaqueiro M, Gharib H, Wahner HW. Fish-eye sign in scintography of benign thyroid nodule Clinical Nuclear Medicine. 1985; 10:817-8.
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  152. Rojeski MT, Gharib H. Nodular thyroid disease: Evaluation and management. New Eng J Med. 1985; 313:428-36.
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  153. Stice RC, Grant CS, Gharib H, Van Heerden JA. The management of Graves disease during pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol Surv. 1985; 40(1):28-30.
  154. Gharib H, Goellner JR, Zinsmeister AR, Grant CS, Van Heerden JA. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the thyroid. The problem of suspicious cytologic findings. Ann Intern Med. 1984 Jul; 101(1):25-8.
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  155. Kramlinger KG, Gharib H, Swanson DW, Maruta T. Normal serum thyroxine values in patients with acute psychiatric illness. Am J Med. 1984 May; 76(5):799-801.
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  156. Fatourechi V, Gharib H, Scheithauer BW, Meybody NA, Gharib M. Pituitary thyrotropic adenoma associated with congenital hypothyroidism. Report of two cases. Am J Med. 1984 Apr; 76(4):725-8.
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  157. Stice RC, Grant CS, Gharib H, van Heerden JA. The management of Graves' disease during pregnancy. Surg Gynecol Obstet. 1984 Feb; 158(2):157-60.
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  158. Stice RC, Grant CS, Gharib H, Van Heerden JA. The management of Graves’ disease during pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol Surv. 1984; 39(1):28-30.
  159. Gharib H, Frey HM, Laws ER Jr, Randall RV, Scheithauer BW. Coexistent primary empty sella syndrome and hyperprolactinemia. Report of 11 cases. Obstet Gynecol Surv. 1984; 39(4):215-7.
  160. Gharib H, Frey HM, Laws ER Jr, Randall RV, Scheithauer BW. Coexistent primary empty sella syndrome and hyperprolactinemia. Report of 11 cases. Arch Intern Med. 1983 Jul; 143(7):1383-6.
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  161. Tuck RR, O'Neill BP, Gharib H, Mulder DW. Familial spastic paraplegia with Kallmann's syndrome. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry. 1983 Jul; 46(7):671-4.
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  162. Baker BA, Gharib H, Markowitz H. Correlation of thyroid antibodies and cytologic features in suspected autoimmune thyroid disease. Am J Med. 1983 Jun; 74(6):941-4.
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  163. Gharib H, Carpenter PC, Scheithauer BW, Service FJ. The spectrum of inappropriate pituitary thyrotropin secretion associated with hyperthyroidism. Mayo Clin Proc. 1982 Sep; 57(9):556-63.
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  164. Hamberger B, Gharib H, Melton LJ 3rd, Goellner JR, Zinsmeister AR. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy of thyroid nodules. Impact on thyroid practice and cost of care. Am J Med. 1982 Sep; 73(3):381-4.
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  165. Kohut WD, Gharib H, Anderson MW. Triiodothyronine thyrotoxicosis complicating primary hypothyroidism in a patient with autoimmune thyroiditis. Am J Med. 1982 May; 72(5):843-6.
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  166. Gharib H. Thyroid abnormalities--Ten questions physicians often ask. Consultant. 1982:35-309.
  167. Gharib H. Clinical brief: fine-needle aspiration biopsy of thyroid nodules. Mayo Clin Proc. 1981 Jan; 56:62-63.
  168. Hurd HP 2nd, Palumbo PJ, Gharib H. Hypothalamic-endocrine dysfunction in anorexia nervosa. Mayo Clin Proc. 1977 Nov; 52(11):711-6.
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  169. Verdonk CA, Palumbo PJ, Gharib H, Bartholomew LG. Diabetic microangiopathy in patients with pancreatitic diabetes mellitus. Diabetologia. 1975 Nov; 11:395-400.
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  170. Gharib H, Munoz JM. Endocrine manifestations of diphenylhydantoin therapy. Metabolism: Clinical & Experimental. 1974 Jun; 23(6):515-24.
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  171. Gharib H. Triiodothyronine. Physiological and clinical significance. JAMA. 1974 Jan 21; 227(3):302-4.
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  172. Gharib H, Hurd HP II. Triiodothyronine thyrotoxicosis. Am Fam Physician. 1973 Nov; 8:144-146.
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  173. Gharib H, Wahner HW. Triiodothyronine hyperthyroidism. Postgrad Med. 1973 Jul; 54(1):77-81.
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  174. Gharib H, Ryan RJ, Mayberry WE. Triiodothyronine (T3) radioimmunoassay. A critical evaluation. Mayo Clin Proc. 1972 Dec; 47(12):934-7.
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  175. Gharib H, Hodgson SF, Gastineau CF, Scholz DA, Smith LA. Reversible hypothyroidism in Addison's disease. Lancet. 1972 Oct 7; 2(7780):734-6.
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  176. Gharib H, Wahner HW. Clinical experience with assays for triiodothyronine. Med Clin North Am. 1972 Jul; 56(4):861-9.
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  177. Gharib H, Wahner HW, McConahey WM. Serum levels of thyroid hormones in Hashimoto's thyroiditis. Mayo Clin Proc. 1972 Mar; 47(3):175-9.
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  178. Gharib H, Ryan RJ, Mayberry WE, Hockert T. Radioimmunoassay for triiodothyronine (T 3 ): I. Affinity and specificity of the antibody for T 3 . J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1971 Sep; 33(3):509-16.
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  179. Mayberry WE, Gharib H, Bilstad JM, Sizemore GW. Radioimmunoassay for human thyrotrophin. Clinical value in patients with normal and abnormal thyroid function. Ann Intern Med. 1971 Apr; 74(4):471-80.
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  180. Gharib H, Mayberry WE, Ryan RJ. Radioimmunoassay for triiodothyronine: A preliminary report. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1970 Dec; 31(6):709-12.
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  181. Gharib H, Mayberry WE. Diagnosis of Graves' ophthalmopathy without hyperthyroidism: long-acting thyroid stimulator (LATS) determination as laboratory adjunct. Mayo Clin Proc. 1970 Jun; 45(6):444-9.
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  182. Gharib H. Steroid diabetes. Minn Med. 1969 Apr; 52(4):669-72.
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  183. Gharib H, Gastineau CF. Coexisting Addison's disease and diabetes mellitus: report of 24 cases with review of literature. Mayo Clin Proc. 1969 Apr; 44(4):217-27.
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  184. Gharib H, Fairbanks VF, Bartholomew LG. Hepatic failure with acanthocytosis: association with hemolytic anemia and deficiency of erythrocyte glutathione peroxidase. Mayo Clin Proc. 1969 Feb; 44(2):96-101.
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