Rehabilitation, Physical Activity and Quality-of-Life Research

The Mayo Clinic Motion Analysis Lab's research on rehabilitation, physical activity and quality of life includes the following focus areas:

Development of custom algorithms to measure activity outside the laboratory setting

Accelerometry-based activity monitoring provides a method to objectively measure actual performance of physical activity in everyday life and over an extended period in patients' home settings, offering quantifiable outcomes that may provide novel insights into the effects of interventions on patients physical functioning.

Quantifying daily living activity levels in patients with total hip replacement (total hip arthroplasty)

The Motion Analysis Lab is measuring activity and subjective survey outcomes before and after total hip arthroplasty. Total hip arthroplasty is frequently used to treat severe osteoarthritis of the hip. The goal of the procedure is to improve quality of life for patients by decreasing pain and improving physical function.

Dynamic stability and physical activity among people with spinal deformities

Dr. Kaufman's lab is working to define the relationship among static balance, dynamic balance, physical activity and quality of life in a group of people with spinal deformities. Lab members perform evaluations before and after corrective surgery and make comparisons longitudinally and in relation to age- and sex-matched controls.

Fall assessment and fracture risk

The lab is examining the relationship between fall risk — as assessed by techniques in the Motion Analysis Laboratory — and fracture risk, as assessed by the World Health Organization's Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX). The goal is to determine whether fall risk, regardless of age, should be characterized individually to improve fracture and fall risk assessments.

Bridging Advanced Developments for Exceptional Rehabilitation (BADER) Consortium

Dr. Kaufman directs the science and technology core of the BADER Consortium, funded by the Department of Defense.

The goal of the BADER Consortium is to assist each Department of Defense military treatment facility in strengthening evidence-based orthopedic rehabilitation care that results in optimal functional outcomes of combat and combat-related musculoskeletal injuries. The mission of the science and technology core is to provide the necessary scientific infrastructures and resources to conduct multisite orthopedic clinical research across the BADER Consortium.

Compensatory step training for reducing the fall incidence of older adults

The Motion Analysis Laboratory is evaluating the effect that compensatory step training has on the fall incidence of older adults who are at high risk of falling. The lab's hypothesis is that compensatory step training will prospectively reduce the fall incidence of high-risk participants to the level of low-risk residents.

General physical performance testing services

The Motion Analysis Laboratory provides human performance testing services for principal investigators within and outside of Mayo Clinic. Services include quantitative strength testing, respiratory function, mobility assessments, activity quantification, and so on. Motion Analysis Laboratory personnel are trained to carry out test protocols for multicenter, multivisit studies and provide test data back to the site principal investigator.