Rochester, Minnesota


Steinkraus.Lawrence@mayo.edu Clinical Profile


The research interests of Lawrence W. Steinkraus, M.D., M.P.H., include applied clinical topics, including aeromedical evacuation, cognitive function in aerospace settings, the aging aviator, chronic illnesses in flyers such as diabetes and osteoporosis, and effects of altitude on patients and flyers. Dr. Steinkraus also has been active in educational research, including the use of simulation.

Focus areas

  • Relationship between aggressive use of available mitigation measures (cabin altitude limits, blood products, oxygen supplementation, and the like) and clinical outcomes in transporting ill and injured patients by air
  • Appropriate use of physiological and cognitive monitoring systems to improve safety in aerospace environments
  • Use of standardized patients in training aerospace medicine residents and fellows to perform fitness-for-duty examinations
  • Use of simulation to assess communication and professionalism

Significance to patient care

Optimizing physicians' knowledge of how to reduce inherent risks with aeromedical evacuation can and has improved patient outcomes. With increased use of rapid air transport of ill and injured patients, careful, evidence-based recommendations on how to "package" this vulnerable population should result in fewer deaths and injuries.


Administrative Appointment

  1. Emeritus, Division of Preventive, Occupational and Aerospace Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine

Academic Rank

  1. Assistant Professor of Preventive Medicine


  1. Chief Resident USAF School of Aerospace Medicine
  2. Resident USAF School of Aerospace Medicine
  3. MPH College of Public Health, University of Iowa
  4. Resident Department of Family Practice, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics
  5. MD Medical College of Virginia
  6. BA - Biology Cornell College

Clinical Studies

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