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  • A Clinical Study to Assess the Safety and Effectiveness of the Premia Spine TOPS™ System Rochester, Minn.

    The purpose of this trial is to assess whether the Total Posterior Spine System (TOPS System) is more effective than transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) when used to stabilize a single lumbar level (L2 - L5) following surgical decompression in patients diagnosed with (1) at least moderate lumbar spinal stenosis, and (2) Grade 1 spondylolisthesis (or retrolisthesis), and (3) thickening of the ligamentum flavum or scarring of the facet joint capsule. Success will be assessed by means of a composite endpoint that measures improvement in in patient reported outcomes and the absence of any major device related complications.

  • A Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind, Controlled Study of EXPAREL for Postsurgical Pain Management in Subjects Undergoing Open Lumbar Spinal Fusion Surgery Rochester, Minn.

    The purpose of this study is to compare postsurgical pain control following local infiltration analgesia and bupivacaine HCl with EXPAREL, versus without EXPAREL, in adult subjects undergoing open lumbar spinal fusion surgery. The study will also compare additional effectiveness, safety, and health economic outcomes.

  • A Multi-Center, Randomized, Placebo Controlled, Double-Blinded, Trial of Efficacy and Safety of Riluzole in Acute Spinal Cord Injury (RISCIS) Rochester, Minn.

    The aim of this study is to evaluate efficacy and safety of riluzole in the treatment of patients with acute SCI. The primary objective is to evaluate the superiority of riluzole, at a dose of 2 x 100 mg the first 24 hours followed by 2 x 50 mg for the following 13 days after injury, as compared to placebo, in change between 180 days and baseline in motor outcomes as measured by International Standards for Neurological Classification of Spinal Cord Injury Examination (ISNCSCI) Motor Score, in patients with acute traumatic SCI, presenting to the hospital less than 12 hours after injury. Secondary objectives are to evaluate the effects of riluzole on overall neurologic recovery, sensory recovery, functional outcomes, quality of life outcomes, health utilities, mortality, and adverse events. The working hypothesis is that the riluzole treated subjects will experience superior motor, sensory, functional, and quality of life outcomes as compared to those receiving placebo, with an acceptable safety profile.

  • Efficacy of Riluzole in Patients with Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy Undergoing Surgical Treatment. A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-controlled Multi-Center Study (CSM-Protect) Rochester, Minn.

    CSM (Cervical spondylotic myelopathy) is the most common cause of spinal cord injury worldwide. While there is evidence from the recently completed SpineNet prospective study that surgical decompression is an effective treatment for CSM, it is clear that many patients have remaining neurological impairment. While surgery is relatively safe, approximately 3% of patients maintain a neurological problem. Given this background and data from preclinical models of non-traumatic and traumatic spinal cord injury, there is strong evidence to consider the potential benefit of adding a neuroprotective drug which aids in the treatment of patients with CSM whom are undergoing surgical decompression. Riluzole is FDA-approved for the treatment of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, which has some similar clinical features to CSM. Riluzole is currently under investigation for traumatic spinal cord injury. Given this background, there is a strong basis to consider studying the potential neurological benefits of Riluzole as a treatment to surgical decompression in patients with CSM.

  • Prospective Evaluation of Radiculitis Following Use of Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2 for Interbody Arthrodesis in Spinal Surgery Scottsdale/Phoenix, Ariz., Rochester, Minn.

    Clinician directed use of bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) in ways other than FDA approved, has increased recently due to the morbidity associated with harvest of iliac crest bone graft in spinal arthrodesis procedures. FDA approved for the use in anterior lumbar fusions with LT Cage, other clinical applications of these proteins is becoming widely adopted due to their effectiveness in forming bone and facilitating fusion. Clinicians have realized while these proteins are potent stimulators of bone formation there have been anecdotal reports of increased rates of radicular pain in the postoperative period when used in interbody arthrodesis procedures. Speculation as to the mechanism of this radiculitis is postulated to be due to the inflammatory effects of these proteins. Excess bone overgrowth around the spinal nerves in proximity to the fusion cage has been reported. No prospective studies have been performed assessing the incidence and etiology of this complication. The investigators propose a prospective study evaluating the incidence of this complication as well as postoperative imaging studies to help determine whether bony overgrowth is indeed occurring adjacent to the effected spinal nerves.