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  • Stress Echocardiography in Mixed and Multi Valvular Heart Disease Rochester, Minn.

    The purpose of this study is to: investigate the diagnostic utility of stress echocardiography (SE) in the evaluation of patients with mixed and mult-valvular heart disease (mx/ml-VHD), evaluate the hemodynamic impact of exercise on mx/ml-VHD compared to those with isolated valve disease, study the prevalence and natural history of mx/ml-VHD, and identify clinical, echocardiographic and biochemical markers that can be used to identify patients with mx/ml-VHD who are at higher risk for future cardiovascular events.

Closed for Enrollment

  • (RTMPE in the ICU) The Impact of Real-Time Myocardial Perfusion Echocardiography on Diagnostic Confidence and Subsequent Management of Myocardial Ischemia in the Intensive Care Unit Rochester, Minn.

    This study is being done to find out if and how much the use of RTMPE improves a provider's confidence in the diagnosis they assign. This is important because the use of RTMPE may decrease the need for any additional invasive testing.

  • Assessment of Wall Thickness in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Rochester, Minn.

    Assessment of wall thickness in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is of diagnostic and prognostic importance given its known association with sudden cardiac death. However, data regarding comparison of imaging modalities for this key measurement is lacking. This study seeks to compare assessment of maximum wall thickness between clinically indicated echocardiography (with and without contrast) and clinically indicated cardiac magnetic resonance imaging.

  • International Study of Comparative Health Effectiveness With Medical and Invasive Approaches—Chronic Kidney Disease Trial (ISCHEMIA-CKD) Rochester, Minn.

    The purpose of the ISCHEMIA-CKD trial is to determine the best management strategy for patients with stable ischemic heart disease (SIHD), at least moderate ischemia and advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD; estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] <30 or on dialysis). This is a multicenter randomized controlled trial with a target randomization of ~1000 patients with advanced CKD and at least moderate ischemia on stress testing. Participants will be assigned at random to a routine invasive strategy (INV) with cardiac catheterization (cath) followed by revascularization plus optimal medical therapy (OMT) or to a conservative strategy (CON) of OMT, with cath and revascularization reserved for those who fail OMT. The trial is designed to run seamlessly in parallel to the main ISCHEMIA trial as a companion ancillary trial. SPECIFIC AIMS A. Primary Aim. The primary aim of the ISCHEMIA-CKD trial is to determine whether an invasive strategy of routine early catheterization followed by optimal revascularization, in addition to OMT, will reduce the primary composite endpoint of death or nonfatal myocardial infarction in SIHD patients with advanced CKD and at least moderate ischemia over an average follow-up of approximately 4 years compared with an initial conservative strategy of OMT alone with catheterization reserved for those who fail OMT. The primary endpoint is time to centrally adjudicated death or nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI). B. Secondary Aims. Major: To compare angina-related quality of life between the INV and CON strategies. Other secondary aims include: comparing the incidence of the composite of cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, resuscitated cardiac arrest, or hospitalization for unstable angina or heart failure; composite of cardiovascular death or nonfatal myocardial infarction; cardiovascular death; non-fatal myocardial infarction; all-cause death; stroke; hospitalization for heart failure or unstable angina Condition: Coronary Disease Procedure: Cardiac catheterization Phase: Phase III Condition: Cardiovascular Diseases Procedure: Angioplasty, Transluminal, Percutaneous Coronary, other catheter-based interventions Phase: Phase III Condition: Heart Diseases Procedure: Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery Phase: Phase III

  • New Technologies to Determine Carotid Plaque Vulnerability: A Pilot Study to Assess Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound (CEUS) and Strain Deformation Imaging in Patients of Known or Suspected Coronary Artery Disease (CEUS) Rochester, Minn.

    Hypothesis: Identification of vulnerable atherosclerotic plaques (with or without neovascularization) using carotid CEUS is an independent predictor of MACE (over clinical risk factors, stress echo wall motion results, and carotid ultrasound two-dimensional speckle tracking strain indices).

    Primary Aims:

    1. Evaluate the diagnostic role of carotid CEUS and two-dimensional speckle tracking strain imaging for detection of carotid plaque:

      • To determine the feasibility and safety of Carotid CEUS and Two-dimensional speckle tracking strain imaging SE .
      • To determine if carotid CEUS and two-dimensional speckle tracking strain imaging findings are associated with coronary angiographic results in those patients undergoing clinically indicated cardiac catheterization.
      • To determine the diagnostic accuracy of CEUS in identifying a vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque and neovascularization compared to carotid MRI, in a subset of patients.
    2. Evaluate the prognostic role of carotid CEUS and two-dimensional speckle tracking strain imaging for prediction of MACE:

      • To determine if plaque identification (with or without neovascularization) on Carotid CEUS SE can improve the overall prediction of MACE over stress echo results alone
      • To determine if Carotid ultrasound two-dimensional speckle tracking strain indices can improve the overall prediction of MACE over stress echo results alone.
      • To determine if the detection of plaque neovascularization by Carotid CEUS is an independent predictor of MACE (over clinical risk factors, stress echo wall motion results, and carotid ultrasound two-dimensional speckle tracking strain indices).

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