Phase Ib/2, Multicenter, Dose Escalation Study of DCR-MYC in Patients with Hepatocellular Carcinoma


  • Study type

  • Study phase

  • Study IDs

  • Describes the nature of a clinical study. Types include:

    • Observational study — observes people and measures outcomes without affecting results.
    • Interventional study (clinical trial) — studies new tests, treatments, drugs, surgical procedures or devices.
    • Medical records research — uses historical information collected from medical records of large groups of people to study how diseases progress and which treatments and surgeries work best.
  • During the early phases (phases 1 and 2), researchers assess safety, side effects, optimal dosages and risks/benefits. In the later phase (phase 3), researchers study whether the treatment works better than the current standard therapy. They also compare the safety of the new treatment with that of current treatments. Phase 3 trials include large numbers of people to make sure that the result is valid. There are also less common very early (phase 0) and later (phase 4) phases. Phase 0 trials are small trials that help researchers decide if a new agent should be tested in a phase 1 trial. Phase 4 trials look at long-term safety and effectiveness, after a new treatment has been approved and is on the market.

  • Site IRB
    • Scottsdale/Phoenix, Arizona: 15-001742
    NCT ID: NCT02314052
    Sponsor Protocol Number: DCR-MYC-102

About this study

The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and tolerability of the investigational anticancer drug DCR-MYC. DCR-MYC is a novel synthetic double-stranded RNA in a stable lipid particle suspension that targets the oncogene MYC. MYC oncogene activation is important to the growth of many hematologic and solid tumor malignancies. In this study the Sponsor proposes to study DCR-MYC and its ability to inhibit MYC and thereby inhibit cancer cell growth.

Participation eligibility

Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. If you need assistance understanding the eligibility criteria, please contact the study team.

See eligibility criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male or female patients, > 18 years of age (in Singapore > 21 years or > 18 years with consent of guardian).
  2. Patients with documented (histologically- or cytologically-proven) HCC, with at least 1 measureable lesion > 10 mm (excluding bone metastases). If the measurable lesion(s) is in the liver, it either should not have been treated previously with loco-regional therapy, or there must be demonstrated progression of the lesion following previous loco-regional therapy.
  3. Patients with Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) stage B or C HCC not amenable to surgical intervention due to either medical contraindications or non-resectability of the tumor.
  4. Patients who are either refractory to or intolerant of sorafenib despite dose reduction and best supportive care, or patients who do not have access to sorafenib or other suitable therapy for HCC.
  5. Patients with underlying hepatic cirrhosis must have a current cirrhosis status of Child-Pugh Class A (i.e., score of 5-6) without encephalopathy.
  6. Phase 1b MTD Biopsy Cohort: Patients with primary or metastatic tumor site(s) considered safely accessible for biopsy and consenting to undergo pre- and post-dosing tumor biopsies.
  7. Patients with an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1, and an anticipated life expectancy of ≥ 3 months.
  8. Patients, both male and female, who are either not of childbearing potential or who agree to use a medically effective method of contraception during the study and for 3 months after the last dose of study drug.
  9. Patients with the ability to understand and give written informed consent for participation in this trial, including all evaluations and procedures as specified by this protocol.

Exclusion Criteria (Patients):

  1. Women who are pregnant or lactating; women of child-bearing potential (WOCBP), and fertile men with a WOCBP-partner not using and not willing to use a medically effective method of contraception.
  2. Patients with known central nervous system (CNS) or leptomeningeal metastases not controlled by prior surgery or radiotherapy, or patients with symptoms suggesting CNS involvement for which treatment is required.
  3. Patients with mixed histology cholangiocarcinoma and HCC, or fibrolamellar variant HCC.
  4. Patients with any of the following hematologic abnormalities at baseline:
    • Hemoglobin < 8.5 g/dL
    • Absolute neutrophil count < 1,500 per mm3
    • Platelet count < 75,000 per mm
  5. Patients with any of the following serum chemistry abnormalities at baseline:
    • Total bilirubin > 1.5 × the upper limit of normal (ULN) for the institution
    • AST or ALT > 5 × the ULN for the institution
    • Serum creatinine > 1.5 × the ULN for the institution
  6. Patients with the following coagulation parameter abnormality at baseline:
    • INR > 1.7 × ULN for the institution
  7. Patients with:
    • A history of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary embolism (PE), within 6 months prior to first study drug administration; patients receiving systemic anti-coagulation for prophylactic or therapeutic reasons
    • Active uncontrolled bleeding or a known bleeding diathesis
  8. Patients with:
    • Esophageal or gastric variceal bleeding within 2 months prior to first study drug administration; patients with a history of variceal bleeding between 2 and 12 months prior to first study drug administration should have undergone adequate treatment and be considered clinically stable in the opinion of the investigator
    • A history of symptomatic ascites requiring paracentesis within the past 3 months or any encephalopathy requiring hospitalization or medication within the past 3 months
    • Portal-caval shunts
  9. Patients with a significant cardiovascular disease or condition, including:
    • Congestive heart failure currently requiring therapy
    • Need for antiarrhythmic medical therapy for a ventricular arrhythmia
    • Severe conduction disturbance (i.e., 3rd degree heart block)
    • Angina pectoris requiring therapy
    • Known left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 50% by MUGA or echocardiogram
    • QTc interval > 450 msec in males, or > 470 msec in females
    • Uncontrolled systemic hypertension (per the Investigator's discretion)
    • Class III or IV cardiovascular disease according to the New York Heart Association (NYHA) Functional Criteria
    • Myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to first study drug administration
  10. Patients with a known or suspected hypersensitivity to any of the components of lipid nanoparticle-formulated DCR-MYC; patients with a known sensitivity to cremophor (found with paclitaxel and other formulations).
  11. Patients with an estimated daily alcohol intake greater than 80 g/day.
  12. Patients having undergone previous organ transplantation (e.g., liver transplantation) requiring immunosuppression; patients on long-term immunosuppressive therapy.
  13. Patients with a known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seropositivity.
  14. Patients with any other serious/active/uncontrolled infection, with the exception of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) or chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection; any infection requiring parenteral antibiotics, or unexplained fever > 38ºC within 2 weeks prior to first study drug administration.
  15. Patients with inadequate recovery from an acute toxicity associated with any prior antineoplastic therapy.
  16. Patients with inadequate recovery from any previous surgical procedure, or patients having undergone any major surgical procedure within 4 weeks prior to first study drug administration.
  17. Patients with an active second malignancy or history of another malignancy within the last 3 years, with the exception of:
    • Treated, non-melanoma skin cancers
    • Treated CIS of the breast or cervix
    • Controlled, superficial carcinoma of the bladder
    • T1a or b carcinoma of the prostate treated according to local standard of care, with prostate specific antigen (PSA) within normal limits (wnl)
  18. Patients with any other life-threatening illness, significant organ system dysfunction, or clinically significant laboratory abnormality, which, in the opinion of the Investigator, would either compromise the patient's safety or interfere with evaluation of the safety of the study drug.
  19. Patients with a psychiatric disorder or altered mental status that would preclude understanding of the informed consent process and/or completion of the necessary study-related evaluations.
  20. Patients with the inability or with foreseeable incapacity, in the opinion of the Investigator, to comply with the protocol requirements, including the ability to attend all visits and undergo all assessments.

Exclusion Criteria (Treatments):

  1. Phase 1b: Greater than 3 prior systemic anti-cancer chemotherapies or targeted agents for HCC; prior loco-regional treatment, including transcatheter arterial chemo-embolization (TACE), is allowed.
  2. Phase 2: greater than 1 prior systemic anti-cancer chemotherapy or targeted agent for HCC; prior loco-regional treatment, including TACE, is allowed.
  3. Sorafenib therapy within 2 weeks prior to first study drug administration and during study.
  4. Any other antineoplastic agent (standard or experimental) within 4 weeks; monoclonal antibody therapy, nitrosoureas, and nitrogen mustard within 6 weeks prior to first study drug administration and during study.
  5. Loco-regional therapy including TACE or radioembolization within 6 weeks prior to first study drug administration and during study.
  6. Radiotherapy within 4 weeks prior to first study drug administration and during study.
  7. Therapy with sofosbuvir for HCV within 6 weeks prior to first study drug administration and during study.
  8. Herbal preparations, or related non-prescription preparations/supplements containing herbal ingredients, aimed at treating the underlying malignancy within 2 weeks prior to first study drug administration and during study.
  9. Systemic hormonal therapy within 2 weeks prior to first study drug administration and during study.
  10. Any other investigational treatments during study. This includes participation in any medical device or therapeutic intervention clinical trial.
  11. Prophylactic use of hematopoietic growth factors within 1 week prior to first study drug administration and during Cycle 1 of study; thereafter prophylactic use of growth factors is allowed as clinically indicated.

Participating Mayo Clinic locations

Study statuses change often. Please contact us for help.

Mayo Clinic Location Status Contact

Scottsdale/Phoenix, Ariz.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

Mitesh Borad, M.D.

Closed for enrollment

Contact information:

Cancer Center Clinical Trials Referral Office


Additional contact information

Cancer-related trials contact form

Phone: 855-776-0015 (toll-free)

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