Rochester, Minnesota




Dr. Klee is a faculty member in the Division of Biomedical Statistics and Informatics. His work at Mayo Clinic is divided primarily between two major research areas.

Working with the Center for Individualized Medicine and the Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, he leads the bioinformatics initiative centered on discovering how clinicians can apply information gathered from molecular-level data to diagnose and treat individual medical conditions.

Dr. Klee is also a member of the Mayo Addiction Research Center, where he leads a laboratory team using zebrafish as a model to identify novel therapeutic strategies for treating alcohol abuse and tobacco dependence.

Research Focus

  • Clinical Genomic Sequencing Laboratory. As co-director of Mayo Clinic's clinical next generation sequencing laboratory, he conducts research focused on bioinformatics to support clinical test development, implementation, quality-control, and results interpretation.
  • Individualized Medicine Clinic. Development of bioinformatics analytic methods to support 'N-of-One' testing for two clinical service lines:
    1. late-stage, refractory tumor sequencing for assisting in therapeutic decision making
    2. pedigree-driven exome sequencing for identification of undiagnosed genetic disease.
  • Functional Validation of Genetic Loci using Zebrafish. Exome-sequencing has enabled the identification of putative causal variants for an increasing number of undiagnosed diseases. This study is focused on using TALEN based gene knockout and single-base substitution technology to functionally validate these genetic loci in vivo.
  • Translational Research for Novel Therapeutic Strategies in Addiction. Use of preclinical zebrafish models to study tobacco and alcohol abuse with the objective of identifying novel pharmacotherapeutics for treatment and genetic modifiers of treatment. A strong emphasis on drug repurposing to expedite translation to clinical practice.

Significance to Patient Care

Next-generation sequencing has the potential to facilitate individualized medicine and patient care strategies. Dr. Klee's research is focused on enabling the clinical adoption of this technology through the development and implementation of bioinformatics methods to assist medical service providers in the interpretation of these results. His work with the zebrafish preclinical model further supports the application of this technology through the establishment of rapid, in vivo, validation methods for novel genetic findings. Finally, his work in drug repurposing for addiction treatment offers the possibility of quickly providing clinicians with new treatment options to assist patients with overcoming their tobacco dependence.

Recent Publications

See my publications

Professional Details

Primary Appointment

  1. Health Sciences Research

Academic Rank

  1. Assistant Professor of Medical Informatics


  1. Ph.D. - Health Informatics - Thesis: Systems for the prediction of secreted proteins in incomplete proteomes. University of Minnesota
  2. MS - Health Informatics University of Minnesota
  3. BS - Electrical Engineering Iowa State University

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