Emerging medical simulation technologies provide training in a risk-free, supportive environment where the complex nuances of ideal patient care can be identified, recreated, practiced and tested among learners to ensure the highest levels of competency.
Simulation technologies can create common and unique crisis scenarios. Chaos can be created on demand. Monitors show physiologic changes just as they would occur in real patients.
Simulation training offers unique and powerful learning opportunities in key competencies, including communication, teamwork, emergent conditions, and leadership, as well as in tasks that require well-practiced manual skills such as diagnostics and surgical procedures.
Simulation-based medical education provides a controlled or simulated environment to imitate a real-life patient care setting. Through simulation, learners can practice and master skills without putting patients at risk.
Simulation technology encompasses equipment such as computer software and other devices that allow learners to practice specific diagnostic and surgical techniques and includes three primary types of simulation in realistic patient care settings:
- Actors who portray standardized patients
- Full-sized patient manikins
- Task trainers
For example, simulation allows learners to practice administering anesthesia to life-sized patient manikins that physiologically respond to treatment just as a real-life patient would. And they can do so in controlled learning environments that mimic real-life patient care settings, such as critical care, surgical, or resuscitation emergencies.