WILLIAM BEAUMONT (1785-1853) was born in Lebanon, Connecticut. He studied medicine as an apprentice under Dr. Benjamin Chandler of St. Albans, Vermont. In 1812 after two years experience, he was granted a license to practice by the medical society of Vermont. Beaumont became an army surgeon. In 1822 he was stationed at Fort Mackinac when the French-Canadian voyageur, Alexis St. Martin was shot in the abdomen. The wound did not heal, but a large gastric fistula formed. Beaumont nursed, fed and supported St. Martin, and also performed many experiments on digestion. In 1833 he published the great classic: Experiment and observations on the gastric juice, and physiology of digestion.