THOMAS SYDENHAM (1624-1689) was born at Wynford Eagle, England in 1624. He entered Oxford in 1642, but left to join the Parliamentary Army. After the Civil War he continued his medical studies at Oxford and abroad.
He is called the English Hippocrates because he wrote descriptions of disease unrivaled since the time of Hippocrates. He recorded important observations on dysentery, scarlet fever, scarlatina, measles, chorea minor, small pox, gout and rheumatism.
He was also like Hippocrates in that he had great faith in the healing powers of nature and had a guiding principle, "What is useful is good."