Jean Martin Charcot
JEAN MARTIN CHARCOT (1825-1893) was one of the greatest neurologists. He was born in Paris, graduated from the University of Paris, and in 1862 became physician to the Salpêtrière. In 1872 he became professor of pathological anatomy, and in 1882 he was appointed to the newly established position of professor of nervous diseases where he created a great clinic of neurology.
He studied the pathological lesions in locomotor ataxia and described gastric crises and the trophic joint affections (Charcot's joint) in this disease. He differentiated the Aran-Duchenne progressive muscular atrophy from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and separated paralysis agitans from multiple sclerosis.