HERMANN BOERHAAVE (1668-1738) was born at Voorhout, near Leyden, The Netherlands. After receiving both a doctor's degree in philosophy and medicine, he began to practice medicine at Leyden, and became a professor of medicine and botany. He was the most famous European physician, and counted many famous people among his patients including Tsar Peter the Great.
His writings were very influential during the eighteenth century, but are little read today. His greatest contribution to modern medicine was perhaps the example he set for his many pupils of learning and teaching by the bedside, with his careful routine of making rounds each day.