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Francois Magendie

François Magendie (1783-1855)

FRANÇOIS MAGENDIE (1783-1855) a great physiologist and precursor of Claude Bernard, was born in Bordeaux, France in 1783. His major physiologic contributions included the development of methods of experimental physiology in France, study of deglutition and the mechanics of the digestive tract, determining the properties of the cerebrospinal fluid, and study of the mechanics of circulation. His greatest contribution (which he shared with Charles Bell) was the proof that the anterior spinal nerves are motor and the posterior, sensory in function.

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