AMBROISE PARÉ (1510-1590) was born at Bourg Hersent, a little village near Laval in the province of Maine, France. He was apprenticed to a barber surgeon in Paris in 1532, and soon became surgeon to the largest hospital in Paris, the Hôtel Dieu. He then became a military surgeon, and in his first battle experience, found that it was not necessary to treat wounds with boiling oil, thus saving much suffering.
Paré had a most illustrious career, but he is remembered for his writings, which were in the vernacular, and well illustrated. The pictures of artificial hands and legs, etc. are particularly interesting today. He invented many new surgical instruments, and revived the Greek method of podalic version in difficult labor.