Anthrax vaccine absorbed (AVA)
The major objective of this grant was to determine the safety and effectiveness of AVA through a change in route of administration and a reduction in dose.
Anthrax vaccine immunogenetics
This study used anthrax vaccine-induced humoral and cellular immune responses as a model to examine the genetic variation in immunity with toxoid vaccines.
Influenza in waterfowl
The goals of this study were to isolate and identify influenza viruses in wild migratory waterfowl in an urban lake setting and evaluate the risk of infection to humans, who had frequent contact with local waterfowl.