Rochester, Minnesota Clinical Profile


Research interests relate to acute and chronic heart failure and acute coronary syndromes. Ongoing research includes the study of biomarkers, such as troponins, and natriuretic peptides, such as BNP, ANP, pro-BNP as prognostic markers and indicators of treatment efficacy. Research also examines both long-term serial measurements and short-term acute responses to therapy. In addition, assessment of biomarkers and neurohormones in cardiomyopathy of different etiologies such as ischemic, idiopathic, and amyloidosis have been pursued. Also, assessment of BNP infusion therapy in acute decompensated heart failure of differeing etiologies is under study. Studies integrate activities of heart failure clinic (outpatient) and coronary intensive care unit (inpatient) clinical research.


See my publications


Primary Appointment

  1. Cardiovascular Diseases

Academic Rank

  1. Professor of Medicine


  1. Trainee - Cardiology, Clinical Investigator Program Mayo Graduate School of Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
  2. Fellow - Internal Medicine Mayo Graduate School of Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
  3. MD Jefferson Medical College, Jefferson University Hospital
  4. Postdoctoral Fellowship - NIH University of Virginia School of Medicine
  5. PhD - Cardiovascular Physiology University of Missouri, Columbia
  6. MS - Veterinary Physiology University of Missouri, Columbia
  7. BA - Zoology - Biological Sciences Slippery Rock University, Pennsylvania State University

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